Maramieh tea - Salvia officinalis tea

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Maramieh or sage tea is very popular in Jordan for its special flavor.
Salvia officinalis is a plant that grows in the form of shrubs with woody stems, velvety leaves and purple flowers. It is part of the Lamiaceae family and is specific to the Mediterranean region.
It has been known since ancient times for its food, therapeutic and decorative properties.
Its name comes from the Latin "salvere" (to save), referring to its therapeutic properties.
Legend has it that when the Virgin Mary fled from Herod, she was hidden with the baby Jesus by sage bushes. After Herod's men passed by without seeing her, the Virgin Mary said to the sage, "From now on you will be humanity's favorite flower for eternity: you will cure it of diseases and save it from death as you saved Me ".
Since ancient times it has been used to "drive away" the devil, the treatment of snake bites, to increase female fertility, as a diuretic, local anesthetic, hemostatic and tonic.
Modern medicine has proven that it can be recommended for various conditions such as: excessive sweating, hyperlipidemia, minor or moderate cases of Alzheimer's; it also has antibiotic, antifungal, astringent, antispasmodic, estrogenic, hypoglycemic properties.
For these ailments, 2 cups of sage tea are recommended daily.
The taste is characteristically very aromatic and a little spicy.
In Europe, the oil obtained by distillation is used.
In the United Kingdom it is used to flavor fatty meats, sausages, in the composition of cheeses ("Sage Derby") or in the preparation of various sauces.
In the United States it is a component of turkey stuffing on Thanksgiving.

Maramieh Tea - Salvia officinalis Tea - Recipes

Essential oils retain both the aroma and the healing chemicals in certain herbs. Here's what you need to know about them. When inhaled, these concentrated essences reach directly to the nerve centers in the brain, where they produce a wide range of responses. Thus, essential oils can reduce anxiety and depression, reduce physical reactions to stress, induce sleep and increase energy. Research has shown that the aroma of certain herbs - such as lavender, bergamot, marjoram and sandalwood - induce relaxation and sleep. When used topically or inhaled, essential oils relieve pain, cure some skin diseases, soothe congestion and treat bacterial, viral and fungal infections.

Although the word "oil" is part of the name of both, essential oils are very different from the oils you use in cooking. The latter, like olive or rapeseed oil, generally come from fruits, seeds, nuts and hazelnuts. Essential oils are highly concentrated distillates from leaves and flowers. It evaporates easily and leaves no grease stains, such as cooking oils. They are called "essential" because they retain most of the basic chemical compounds that give the plant its unique aroma and medicinal properties.
Being very concentrated, before being applied to the skin, essential oils must be diluted with a "carrier oil", such as olive, almond, sesame, jojoba, etc. A notable exception is lavender oil, which is gentle enough to be applied as such. Indeed, essential oils are quite expensive, but most of the recipes in this book use only a few drops. Most of the recommended essential oils last you a year or two, depending on how often you use them.

Tips for buying and storing
To make sure you only buy 100% pure essential oils, buy them from reputable stores or search for them online. Many essential oils can be stored for years without losing their effectiveness. Keep them in brown, blue or black bottles, tightly closed, preferably in cool places and always away from sunlight. Never ingest essential oils, as most of them are toxic. Store them in places where children do not have access. If you are interested in trying aromatherapy - the art of using flavors to restore body and soul balance - consult a specialist. Make sure he is licensed for the services he provides (massage or beauty treatments).

20 essential oils that you should not miss

1 Basil
Latin name: Ocimum basilicum
Properties: Antiseptic, relieves muscle spasms, eliminates intestinal gas, calms nerves, reduces the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome
Uses: Headache, bronchitis, cold, cough cosmetic applications
Precautions: To be avoided during pregnancy

2 bergamot
Latin name: Citrus bergamia
Properties: Analgesic, antibacterial, relieves muscle cramps, antidepressant, deodorant
Uses: Eczema, depression, anxiety, acne, bad breath, cold, insecticide bronchitis
Precautions: Do not use on sun-exposed skin as it may irritate sensitive skin

3 Chamomile
Latin name: Anthemis nobilis
Properties: Analgesic, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, sedative
Uses: Skin problems, stress, arthritis, bursitis, blisters, wounds, menopause, premenstrual syndrome
Precautions: To be avoided in the first trimester of pregnancy

4 Cloves
Latin name: Syzygium aromaticum
Properties: Analgesic, especially for oral problems
Uses: Toothache, gingivitis
Precautions: To be avoided during pregnancy

5 Cypress
Latin name: Cupressus sempervirens
Properties: Antiseptic, relieves muscle spasms, astringent, deodorant, decongestant
Uses: Asthma, cough, bruising, sinusitis, stress
Precautions: To be avoided during pregnancy if you have high blood pressure

6 Eucalyptus
Latin name: Eucalyptus globulus
Properties: Analgesic, decongestant, expectorant, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal
Uses: Asthma, cough, bronchitis, arthritis, headache, wounds, insecticide fever
Precautions: Dilute before use on skin Avoid if you have epilepsy or high blood pressure

7 White fir
Latin name: Abies alba
Properties: Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant
Uses: Cough, cold, muscle aches
Precautions: Do not use on skin if bottle has been stored for more than one year

8 Geranium
Latin name: Pelargonium graveolens
Properties: Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antidepressant deodorant, insecticide
Uses: Menopause, premenstrual syndrome, sensitive breasts, stress, anxiety
Precautions: Avoid in the first months of pregnancy excessive use can cause insomnia

9 Ginger
Latin name: Zingiber officinale
Properties: Antiseptic, soothes muscle spasms, eliminates intestinal gas, analgesic, anti-inflammatory
Uses: Congestion, cough, cold, headache, fever, arthritis, nausea, dizziness
Precautions: May irritate sensitive skin

10 Grapefruit
Latin name: Citrus paradisi
Properties: Antidepressant, antiseptic, astringent
Uses: Acne, oily skin, muscle cramps and cramps, headache, stress, fatigue
Precautions: Do not expose treated skin to sunlight

11 Lavender
Latin name: Lavendula officinalis, L. angustifolia
Properties: Antiseptic, antidepressant, antiviral, sedative, soothes muscle spasms, astringent
Uses: Skin problems, arthritis, pain, gout, stress, anxiety, insomnia
Precautions: Avoid if you have very low blood pressure

12 Lemon
Latin name: Citrus limonum
Properties: Antiseptic, soothes muscle spasms, astringent, antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral insecticide
Uses: Acne, boils, exfoliant, oily skin, fever, premenstrual syndrome, painful joints, depression, fatigue
Precautions: Do not expose the skin to treated skin as it may irritate sensitive skin

13 melissa
Latin name: Melissa officinalis
Properties: Antiviral (especially against herpes), antifungal, relieves muscle spasms, sedative
Uses: Canker sores, depression, stress, foot fungus
Precautions: It is an expensive product convenient brands as the price may contain other oils, cheaper

14 Myrrh
Latin name: Commiphora myrrha
Properties: Anti-inflammatory, antifungal, destroys germs, astringent, expectorant
Uses: Wounds, foot fungus, mouth ulcers, sore throat, gum problems, laryngitis
Precautions: Avoid during pregnancy

15 Mint
Latin name: Mentha piperita
Properties: Analgesic, antiseptic, soothes muscle spasms, astringent, eliminates intestinal gas, relieves stomach pain, decongestant, antifungal
Uses: Headache, fever, cold, sinusitis, nausea, muscle spasms, dermatophyte, bad breath, lethargy, depression
Precautions: May irritate skin by not using it on injured or cracked skin

16 Rosemary
Latin name: Rosmarinus officinalis
Properties: Analgesic, antiseptic, soothes muscle spasms, decongestant, stimulant
Uses: Fatigue, asthma, bronchitis, cramps, muscle aches, arthritis, headaches, improves memory, oily hair, dandruff, stress, depression
Precautions: Avoid if you have a history of high blood pressure or epilepsy Do not use on injured or cracked skin

17 Sherlai (variety of sage)
Latin name: Salvia sclarea
Properties: Antidepressant, deodorant, relieves cramps
Uses: Premenstrual and menopausal symptoms, skin tonic, acne, dandruff, depression, stress, migraine, fatigue
Precautions: Do not confuse with garden sage (Salvia officinalis) overuse can cause headaches

18 Tea tree
Latin name: Melaleuca alternifolia
Properties: Antibiotic, antibacterial, antiviral, decongestant
Uses: Cuts, abrasions, insect bites, mouth ulcers, herpes, chickenpox, colds, bronchitis, acne, foot fungus, onychomycosis, dermatophyte, dandruff
Precautions: May irritate sensitive skin

19 Thyme
Latin name: Thymus vulgaris
Properties: Antibacterial, analgesic
Uses: Arthritis, skin problems, wounds, acne, colds, sinus infections
Precautions: Avoid red thyme oils The color of thyme essential oil should be pale yellow

20 Ylang Ylang
Latin name: Cananga odorata
Properties: Antiseptic, antidepressant, sedative
Uses: Anxiety, stress, acne, insomnia, depression, PMS
Precautions: Avoid use on sensitive or injured skin

Fighting Hemorrhoids 26 Days - Take Your Life Back

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HEMORRHOIDS affliction painful painful condition that can be treated treated

This paper aims to inform you about hemorrhoidal disease and its symptoms, in no way wants to replace or or modify the recommendations of the medical consultation, which is indispensable for a correct and complete diagnosis. Any type of medical treatment must be prescribed only by the doctor, the references to treatment listed in this paper, being only informative. ive. If you choose to Use Use Medicines on your own initiative, it is the sole responsibility of you, exonerating the author of this work. works. Only you are the only ones responsible for the way of understanding, understanding, non-understanding, use or non-use of the information in this work. work. It is very important to understand that any decision on the health condition taken based on general information (web, press, TV, telephone, etc.), without direct medical consultation, is potentially dangerous for your own health, and can delay, sometimes irreversibly, the diagnosis. and disease treatment. If you consider that your symptoms are a medical emergency, it is advisable to call your doctor or an emergency service! Delaying diagnosis and self-treatment can sometimes be fatal! Please understand that you cannot substitute under any circumstances the consultation of a specialist doctor!

TABLE OF CONTENTS HEMOROIDAL DISEASE General information. 5 Definition. 5 Importance. 6 Risk factors. 7 Etiopathogenesis. 7 Classification. 8 Symptoms. 8 Diagnosis. 9 Investigations. 10 INTERNAL HEMORRHOIDS. 11 EXTERNAL HEMORRHOIDS. 14 HEMORRHOIDS IN PREGNANCY. 16 COMPLICATIONS OF HEMORRHOIDS. 18 TREATMENT. 20 DIET. 25 EASY AND EFFECTIVE REMEDIES. 36 PHYTOTHERAPY IN THE TREATMENT OF HEMOROID DISEASE. 42 1. Afin. 43 2. Alun. 45 3. Artichokes. 47 4. Pig chestnut. 48 5. Requirement. 50 6. Horsetail. 51 7. Mouse's tail. 53 8. Creţuşca. 55 9. Crusin. 56 10. Ash. 57 11. Marigolds. 59 12. Gutui. 61 13. Red grass. 63 14. The candle. 64 15. The wolf apple. 65 16. Mur. 68 17. Chamomile. 70 18. Nalba mare. 71 19. The witch's nut. 72 20. Pelin. 73 21. The Golden Rain. 74 22. Black poplar. 75 23. Willow. 77 24. Oak. 78 25. Tătăneasa. 79 26. Troscot. 81 27. Butter. 83 28. Nettle. 85 BIBLIOGRAPHY. 95

GENERAL INFORMATION: Almost three quarters of the world's population suffers from some form of hemorrhoids. Many people are diagnosed with hemorrhoids very late in life, even if this disease has affected them throughout their lives. Some of the patients are never diagnosed. Strange? Not necessarily! Given that a very large part of the world's population is located in third world countries, the lack of a concrete diagnosis is not necessarily an abnormal thing. One of the most interesting things that can be said about hemorrhoids is that they are not a modern disease, such as stress or AIDS. In fact, the term "hemorrhoids" comes from the ancient Greek, being composed of two distinct words: "haima" (blood) and "thoos" (drain). Therefore, the ancient Greeks had noticed one of the most obvious symptoms of hemorrhoids and had given it a name as accurate as possible: "bleeding." The problem with hemorrhoids is not since they are known or when they were first described in medical textbooks. The real problem is that they are controversial. Until recently, they were considered to have been fully researched, cataloged, diagnosed and treated. Evidence has been found to the contrary in recent years. However, in classical medicine and modern medical textbooks, the definition of hemorrhoids remains the same as it was two decades ago. Hemorrhoids are close relatives of varicose veins on the legs! The first question a patient can ask their doctor is, "If my varicose veins and hemorrhoids are in the same class of conditions, why don't the varicose veins bleed and the hemorrhoids can cause real bleeding if not treated in time?" The answer is simple and more about physics than medicine: pressure. The anorectal veins are located inside the rectal canal.Theoretically, their intimate construction allows them to withstand the pressure to which they are constantly subjected. Most of the time, the walls of these veins start by having the appropriate thickness and, therefore, the resistance. As the years go by, these walls lose their thickness, leading to those small ruptures so familiar to patients suffering from hemorrhoids. These ruptures are the cause of bleeding, which is often the first and only symptom of this condition.

The unanimously accepted definition of hemorrhoids is as follows: Hemorrhoids are the name given to inflamed veins in the anus and rectum. These are very similar to varicose veins that appear on the legs. When irritated, hemeroids can cause burning, itching, bleeding, or painful inflammation of adjacent membranes. This definition refers to the type of inflammation of the veins in the rectum and, especially, where these veins are positioned. Therefore, a supplement to this definition is welcome: hemorrhoids are inflammations of the anorectal veins, inflammations that can develop both in 5

inside the rectal canal as well as outside it. Thus, two types of hemorrhoids can be discussed: internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. They are common in both men and women. Almost half of the population has hemorrhoids around the age of 50. Hemorrhoids are also common in pregnant women. Both fetal pressure in the abdomen and hormonal changes lead to enlargement of the hemorrhoidal vessels. These vessels are subjected to high pressures during birth. For most women, pregnancy hemorrhoids are a temporary problem. The vast majority of the population affected by hemorrhoids suffers from internal hemorrhoids, and most people don't even know it! Why? Usually, if the hemorrhoids are not excessively inflamed or irritated by various external sources, they do not show significant symptoms. Therefore, much of the suffering is never treated in time. Unfortunately, this leads to complications and the appearance of the second class of hemorrhoids: external hemorrhoids. Many things can be said about external hemorrhoids, but specialists cannot agree on their true cause. On the one hand, there are some doctors who claim that external hemorrhoids are a complication of internal hemorrhoids, while others believe that the appearance of external hemorrhoids has nothing to do with internal hemorrhoids. Surprisingly or not, clinical research over the last decade supports both. The scientists' conclusion was very logical: there are two types of external hemorrhoids. Classical external hemorrhoids are an inflammation of the anorectal veins on the outside of the rectum or near the anus, which leads to the well-known appearance. This type of hemorrhoids is the easiest to detect, because it is the only one that has strong symptoms from the first moment. They are also the only type of hemorrhoids that cause pain when the patient is not in the middle of a hemorrhoid crisis. On the other hand, external hemorrhoids caused by worsening internal hemorrhoids have completely different symptoms. Typically, classic external hemorrhoids can be treated very easily. There are ointments that can be applied directly to the affected area, reducing pain, itching and inflammation. Also, by means of sitting baths performed according to the indications of the attending physician, this type of hemorrhoids can disappear in three weeks. If the sufferer follows the proper hygiene rules, the chances of recurrence of external hemorrhoids are minimal. Hemorrhoids cause itching, pain or bleeding of swollen tissue and varicose veins located in the anus and rectum. Fortunately, hemorrhoids can be easily treated and in many cases their occurrence can be prevented. Due to the fact that the condition of hemorrhoids can worsen over the years, a safe, gentle and effective treatment when they occur is recommended.

IMPORTANT: Hemorrhoids are not a disease in themselves: they are an important part of the mechanism of closing the rectum. It becomes a disease if the nodule enlarges, the mucosa lengthens and symptoms appear. Hemorrhoids, although they are a harmless condition when they occur, have a lethal potential, which is true in very severe cases. Don't get me wrong, hemorrhoids do not cause death, but they can cause various complications and severe diseases that in turn have a lethal potential. Treatment of hemorrhoids should be started immediately after diagnosis, and if this does not happen, the chances of complications increase at an insane rate. 6

Untreated in time, hemorrhoids become very exposed to infections due to the bleeding they cause. These infections are very dangerous, and can be the cause of more serious illnesses. The treatment of hemorrhoids is extremely important, and must be done in time, starting with the discovery of the condition.

RISK FACTORS: Specialists talk about a number of factors that predispose to hemorrhoids: → Liver or heart disease or both. These diseases can cause blood to be stored in the abdominal or pelvic area and can lead to hemorrhoids. → Cases of hemorrhoids in the family. You can inherit the predisposition to make hemorrhoids. → Chronic constipation: sedentary lifestyle, unbalanced diet and stress cause constipation. Even some laxatives used in excess and for a long time can give addiction and then constipation. In the long run, constipation can cause hemorrhoids and irritable bowel syndrome. → Consumption of spicy foods. → Frequent episodes of diarrhea (sometimes as a consequence of irritant laxative abuse) can cause hemorrhoids, as can constipation. → Excess weight, especially in the abdomen and pelvis, can increase the pressure on the pelvic veins, which favors the appearance of hemorrhoids. → Playing sports that require violent effort is often the cause of hemorrhoids. → Medical problems. For example, chronic heart and liver disease can cause blood to build up in the abdominal or pelvic area, enlarging the blood vessels, and leading to hemorrhoids. → Lifting heavy objects frequently increases the risk of hemorrhoids. → Pregnancy and labor. Hormonal changes during pregnancy increase blood flow to the pelvic area and relax the supporting tissues while the constantly growing fetus puts pressure on the blood vessels. During labor, hemorrhoids can occur due to intense pressure on the anal area during contractions and the effort to expel the baby. → Sitting for many hours a day is a risk factor for hemorrhoids. → Overweight. → Tumors in the pelvic area. These occur very rarely. → Age 50 or older. More than half of people over this age are receiving treatment for this problem.

ETIOPATHOGENY1 Favoring factors: - spices, alcohol and coffee due to pelvic congestion they produce - prolonged orthostatism, some occupations being affected more often - sedentary lifestyle - metabolic and nutritional disorders (decreased resistance of venous walls) - genetic predisposition, heredity gives a predisposition poor quality of collagen responsible for other diseases such as flat feet, varicose veins, varicocele, hernia, scoliosis - the wrong position on the toilet seat is one of the main causes of hemorrhoids. The correct way a person should sit on the toilet: sit on the toilet normally, then pick up

Branch of medicine that studies the causes and mechanisms of diseases.

legs and bend forward with your elbows on your knees. This position allows the removal of stool with little effort, reducing the development of new hemorrhoids. - wiping too hard or for too long can cause or aggravate hemorrhoids. Also, use a soft, damp cloth that absorbs a lot. Determining factors: - chronic constipation - another important factor is heredity. Some people are genetically predisposed to this type of disease and there are not many things that can be done in this case. You can do sports to relax the anal sphincter muscles - obesity - inflammatory processes in the vicinity (prostatitis, metroanexitis) - local inflammatory processes (anorectitis, anal fissure) - pregnancy.

CLASSIFICATION The standard classification of hemorrhoids is based on their origin. There are two types of hemorrhoids: - internal - external. When hemorrhoids appear outside the anus, they are called external hemorrhoids. They are easier to identify because they are manifested by bleeding and itching. Internal hemorrhoids are found inside and in the rectum, being more difficult to identify. One way to detect them is the stool accompanied by blood. Another classification would be: - thrombotic hemorrhoids - displaced hemorrhoids When there is a blood clot in the anal area caused by a rupture, the condition is known as thrombotic hemorrhoids. This only happens to internal hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids, when they extend out of the anus, are called displaced hemorrhoids.

SYMPTOMS Many anorectal problems, including fissures, fistulas, abscesses or irritations and anal itching (anal pruritus), have the same symptoms and are incorrectly diagnosed as hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are usually not dangerous and not life threatening. Rarely, a patient may have such bleeding that he or she will experience severe anemia that can lead to the patient's own death. In some cases, the hemorrhoidal symptoms simply go away in a few days. But in most cases, the hemorrhoidal symptoms will reappear, usually in a more severe condition than before. Both types of hemorrhoids show the following symptoms: pain pain during or after a stool sensitive nodules around the anus obesity pruritus around the anus or rectal rectal bleeding during intestinal transit. Although many people have hemorrhoids, not all of them have symptoms. 8

The most common symptom of internal hemorrhoids is clean bleeding covering the stool, toilet paper or in the toilet bowl. Loss of blood even in extremely small but continuous amounts can lead to anemia, visible due to the skin pallor of the patient. Another important symptom is severe pain when defecating or sitting. This may be due to hemorrhoidal prolapse. External hemorrhoids are known for painful swelling or hard nodules around the anus, resulting from the formation of blood clots. Drainage of mucus from the anal cavity can cause itching.

DIAGNOSIS Unlike other conditions, hemorrhoids are quite easy to diagnose without the help of a doctor. There are many techniques you can use to diagnose your own external hemorrhoids. After going to the toilet, try and see if you feel any lumps in the anal area or if there is evidence of blood on the toilet paper or in the toilet bowl. Bumps or darker skin around the anus may indicate that you have hemorrhoids that proliferate through the anus. If the swelling is sensitive to touch, your hemorrhoids may be considered thrombotic hemorrhoids, in which case you should see a doctor immediately. In rare cases, different types of perineal cancer can occur in the form of external hemorrhoids. You may sometimes feel itching and pain. However, there are other conditions or problems related to the anal area, such as anal fissures, which have the same symptoms as hemorrhoids. To be sure that your case is hemorrhoids, you should go to the doctor. You don't want to try to treat something you think you're suffering from, when it might be something else, maybe more serious. Internal hemorrhoids also require the opinion of a doctor. In this case, hemorrhoids can be easily diagnosed if they can be localized, as is the case with those internal hemorrhoids that proliferate through the anus or cause rectal bleeding. A doctor can diagnose you with hemorrhoids by analyzing the symptoms you have experienced and your medical history. Hemorrhoids can also be diagnosed by examining the anus. Although it can be quite embarrassing, it is the only way by which external hemorrhoids can be identified. Another medical examination involves performing a biopsy in the affected area to detect possible infections or other conditions. Rectal examinations can identify both internal hemorrhoids and possible cancerous tumors in the anal canal or rectum. In some cases, some people need closer examination. In these cases, an anoscope is used. This instrument is a concave light tube that is inserted into your rectum, helping the doctor locate internal hemorrhoids, tumors, or anal fissures, while providing a complete picture of your rectum. While the doctor removes the anoscope from the rectum, Internal hemorrhoids are easily spotted. Your doctor may ask you to strain as during defecation to help diagnose hemorrhoids. In other cases, a doctor may use an indirect anoscopy to diagnose hemorrhoids. This procedure uses a special mirror so that you can see the anal area while sitting on a toilet bowl. Tightening that during defecation, the doctor can appreciate the effect of the pressure in this area. 9

Since you may have hemorrhoids, rectal prolapse, or a rectal polyp, this test helps your doctor make a correct diagnosis for hemorrhoids. A closer assessment of the rectum for hemorrhoids requires an examination with a videorectoscope that can visualize the entire rectum. To rule out other causes of bleeding, the doctor may examine the rectum and lower part of the colon (sigmoid) by sigmoidoscopy or the entire colon by colonoscopy. Sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy are diagnostic procedures that involve the use of flexible tubes inserted through the rectum. Remember, if your hemorrhoids do not improve with the treatment you have applied at home, or if your hemorrhoids bleed frequently, do not hesitate and go to the doctor immediately. Although it can be an embarrassing experience, it is better for a qualified doctor to diagnose your hemorrhoids and recommend the most effective treatment for your case. INVESTIGATIONS ► ANOSCOPY It is a way of examination with a small tool. dimensions, rigid, tubular, called anoscope or anal speculum. It is inserted a few inches inside the anus to assess anal canal problems. It is used to diagnose hemorrhoids, anal fissures but also certain types of cancer. ► RECTOSCOPY RECTOSCOPY Examination that allows visual exploration of the walls of the rectum. The indications for rectoscopy are numerous: anorectal pain, hemorrhoids, rectal hemorrhages, disorders of intestinal transit. Rectoscopy is the insertion through the anus into the rectum of a rigid endoscope called a rectoscope (a tube 25 centimeters long and 1.5 centimeters in diameter, equipped with an optical system). Biopsies (samples of rectal tissue) are possible.► RECTOSIGMOIDOSCOPES RECTOSIGMOIDOSCOPY Examination that allows visual exploration of the walls of the rectum (rectoscopy), the sigmoid colon (sigmoidoscopy) and the lower part of the colon. The examination currently tends to be replaced by total colonoscopy (exploration, by the same technique, of the entire colon), both for diagnostic examinations and for the systematic detection of benign and malignant rectocolic tumors. ► COLONOSCOPY Colonoscopy is an investigation that allows the doctor to observe the inside of the large intestine (rectum and colon) using a flexible instrument with a small chamber called a colonoscope. This investigation is very helpful in the case of the discovery of polyps, ulcerated areas, tumors or inflamed or hemorrhagic areas. During the colonoscopy, a biopsy may be taken from the colon or rectum or tumors may be removed. It can also be used in a screening to identify and remove potentially carcinogenic tumors or malignancies in the colon or rectum (colorectal cancer). The colonoscope is a thin, flexible instrument with a length between 121.9 cm and 182.9 cm. A small camera is attached to the colonoscope, which can take photos and videos inside the large intestine. In some cases, fiber optics can also be used, but in general digital technology has replaced fiber optics. The colonoscope can be used to examine the entire large intestine, but also to examine only a small portion of the small intestine. 10

► BIOPSY Sampling of a piece of tissue or organ for microscopic examination. The performance of the biopsy examination is very variable depending on the location of the biopsy and the technique used. Anesthesia can be local (transcutaneous biopsy of the breast, skin) or general (surgical biopsy of a deep organ).

INTERNAL HEMORRHOIDS Not visible because they occur inside the anal canal. As a symptom, it is the sensation of a full rectum, and the effort you make to eliminate feces leads to bleeding hemorrhoids. Pain is not a common symptom of internal hemorrhoids. However, the internal hemorrhoid can produce a protrusion (exit outside the edges of the anal canal), which can lead to irritation and pain. This hemorrhoid is called a "protruding hemorrhoid." If left untreated, the protruding internal hemorrhoid can remain outside the anus. In this case, underwear staining may occur. Internal hemorrhoids occur when the hemorrhoidal group loses its ability to withdraw to its normal position. This causes the veins to swell and appear prominent. Internal hemorrhoids usually occur when one of the veins located in the hemorrhoidal group becomes too inflamed. Internal hemorrhoids start with grade 1 internal hemorrhoids and then develop rapidly to higher degrees of hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids are usually graded on a scale of 1 to 4 depending on size and severity.

GRADE I Hemorrhoids are located in the anal canal, being small and go unnoticed by rectal cough. Anuscopy is the only thing that can highlight them. The only manifestations at this stage are intermittent and capricious hemorrhages. Extremely rare, grade I hemorrhoids require treatment. In such situations, only a high-fiber diet to combat constipation is recommended. Warning: it is not enough to eat only fruits and vegetables. A high-fiber diet means eating cornflakes, rye, oats, etc. in supermarkets. There are various varieties of flakes. To avoid constipation, it is mandatory to consume a bowl of flakes with a glass of milk in the morning and in the evening. This is the fiber regimen that helps prevent constipation.

Sedentary lifestyle should also be avoided as much as possible. In this sense, you can do some physical exercises or walks every day. Obesity should not be forgotten either, as it is advisable to eliminate excess weight as much as possible. GRADE II It is characterized by the appearance of temporary hemorrhoidal prolapse. At this stage, hemorrhoidal sponges proliferate on defecation but decrease spontaneously. The diagnosis is easy to make, an effort of defecation immediately highlighting them. An acute episode, a thrombosis (a blood clot on the hemorrhoidal vessel) can also occur. A hemorrhoid is a venous dilation if a blood clot forms inside the thrombosis - communication with the circulation is interrupted and the inflammatory process, discomfort, pain appear. In the case of thrombosis, healing is faster when the clot is removed within the first 24 hours of formation. If the patient does not reach the doctor within 24 hours of the clot forming, treatment with medication and ointment should be followed, and healing is slower. For grade II hemorrhoids, small surgeries can also be performed in private, polyclinic offices, ie the elastic ligaments that are applied to the base of the hemorrhoid. Due to these connections, there is no circulation and over time, the hemorrhoid necrosis, ischemic and disappears. The procedure is not painful. GRADE III Hemorrhoidal sponges proliferate on defecation but do not decrease spontaneously. They tend to enter the anal sphincter during a bowel movement. However, these hemorrhoids stay inside the body if pushed back by hand. Grade 3 hemorrhoids often bleed. They are also irritable. GRADE IV These hemorrhoids tend to come out of the body most of the time. And they can be pushed back. However, in a short time, they tend to slip out again without any effort. Grade 4 hemorrhoids are very serious. They bleed easily and are prone to various infections. They can also form an internal blood clot called thrombosis. To diagnose internal hemorrhoids, the doctor asks the patient a series of questions (known as a medical history), after which a thorough physical medical consultation will be performed. Your doctor may also ask you to perform additional tests. In cases where there is rectal bleeding or blood in the stool, a thorough evaluation and a correct diagnosis by the doctor are very important. Anal bleeding can also be a symptom of other digestive diseases, including colon cancer or rectal cancer. A more detailed assessment of the rectal area for internal hemorrhoids involves examination with an anuscope - a cylindrical tube with a high-performance optical system for viewing internal hemorrhoids - or a rectoscope for a more detailed examination of the entire rectal area. To rule out other causes of gastrointestinal bleeding, your doctor may examine the rectum or lower part of the colon (sigmoid) by performing a rectosigmoidoscopy, or the entire colon by performing a colonoscopy. Treatment of internal hemorrhoids: In most cases, the treatment of internal hemorrhoids is based on: relieving symptoms by decreasing the pressure on the hemorrhoidal veins by increasing the consumption of fiber and fluids 12

regulation of intestinal transit. Ways to treat internal hemorrhoids may include: warm sitting baths several times a day increase the consumption of fiber and laxative medicines over-the-counter medications to relieve itching and inflammation. In most cases, the symptoms of internal hemorrhoids improve after a few days. In cases where the symptoms do not go away, hemorrhoidal protrusion, hemorrhoid thrombosis occurs or there is repeated bleeding, which may require emergency surgery. Some of the methods of treating hemorrhoids are: • ligation with elastic rings • sclerotherapy • coagulation in the infrared spectrum • hemorrhoidectomy. Internal Hemorrhoids and Pregnancy: Internal hemorrhoids occur very often in pregnant women. Both the pressure exerted by the fetus and the hormonal changes can cause the internal hemorrhoidal veins to enlarge. These veins are subjected to additional pressure during birth. In most women, however, the problems caused by internal hemorrhoids during pregnancy are temporary. The best methods to prevent the appearance of hemorrhoids are: maintaining a normal stool consistency, to avoid forcing and lowering the pressure when defecating, eliminating the stool as soon as possible after the sensation of defecation. Exercise, including walking and a high-fiber diet, results in a normal stool consistency, which reduces constipation and defecation effort.

EXTERNAL HEMORRHOIDS Unlike internal hemorrhoids, researchers and doctors have no concrete reasons responsible for the formation of these external hemorrhoids. At one time, it was thought that the culprit behind the increase in external hemorrhoids was constipation. However, more recent studies have denied this. What can be proven is that the increase in external hemorrhoids is much more common in pregnant women and people who experience increased pressure on the rectum. External hemorrhoids can also occur if you lift weights or sit for longer periods. However, in most cases, there is an event that precedes external hemorrhoids. For example, external hemorrhoids may appear towards the end of pregnancy. Fortunately, these external hemorrhoids tend to disappear after birth and consequently do not require treatment. External hemorrhoids can be easily identified as small, dark red, grape-like swellings that appear under the skin around the anus. Among the common symptoms for external hemorrhoids, we mention itching, swelling and pain due to the sensitivity of the skin in this region. The area where the external hemorrhoids appear can swell, irritate and injure much more severely as a result of constipation, hard stools and tension during stools. External hemorrhoids expose you to the risk of thrombosis! Thrombosis, also known as a blood clot, tends to occur when external hemorrhoids are not treated for longer periods of time. In the area where the external hemorrhoids appear, dark red or blue blood clots can develop and bleed. Large blood clots can cause pain when walking, sitting, or going out with a stool. Doctors cannot tell why healthy people suddenly develop blood clots in external hemorrhoids. What is certain is that if left to chance, these blood clots can circulate through the body's circulatory system, and can lead to life-threatening situations. Blood vessels contain arterial blood, which explains why external hemorrhoids turn a brighter red when bleeding occurs. Sometimes these bleeds that occur in external hemorrhoids can be very severe. To diagnose external hemorrhoids, the doctor will ask the patient a series of questions (known as the medical history), after which a physical consultation will be performed. Your doctor may also ask you to perform additional tests. In cases where there is rectal bleeding or blood in the stool, a full evaluation and a correct diagnosis by the doctor are very important. Bleeding can also be a symptom of other digestive diseases, including colon cancer or rectal cancer.

Treatment of external hemorrhoids: In most cases, treatment of external hemorrhoids is based on: • relieving symptoms • decreasing the pressure on the hemorrhoidal veins by increasing the consumption of fiber and fluids • regulating intestinal transit. Specific treatment modalities may include: • applying ice packs • warm sitting baths several times a day • increasing the consumption of fiber and fluids • laxatives • over-the-counter medications to relieve itching and inflammation. Thrombotic external hemorrhoids can be very painful, so pain medications and anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed. In most cases the symptoms improve after a few days, lasting about five days in the case of thrombotic external hemorrhoids. If necessary, surgery may be performed for thrombotic hemorrhoids. Prevention of external hemorrhoids: The best methods to prevent the occurrence of external hemorrhoids are: - maintaining a normal stool consistency, to avoid forcing and lowering the pressure in defecation - removing the stool as soon as possible after the sensation of defecation. Exercise, including walking and a high-fiber diet, lead to a normal stool consistency, which reduces constipation and defecation.

HEMORRHOIDS IN PREGNANCY Approximately 90% of women suffer from hemorrhoids immediately after giving birth. The increase in volume of these veins occurs by hindering the return venous circulation. Unfortunately, this circulation, richly represented, is done against gravity. Sometimes to this are added dietary deficiencies that lead to constipation, irritation of the rectal region by consuming alcohol or spices in excess. Pregnancy and childbirth usually exacerbate pre-existing suffering by gradually increasing the volume of the pregnant uterus and the compression effect on the pelvic venous system. But the biggest echo is without a doubt, and perhaps the prolonged sitting state. It is known as the disease of officials and drivers. The production mechanism is very simple. The rectum is an elastic cylinder that deforms slightly under the pressure of the intra-abdominal organs, collapsing the vessels that carry venous blood from the periphery to the heart. The result is an increase in venous pressure in the hemorrhoidal system with accumulation in the rectal vascular cushions and their dilation. In general, the process is reversible to a point. Hence the integrity of the conjunctival system, in the sense that if we inherit an elastic tissue, after each new volume size these vascular cushions do not return to their original size. Varicose vascular dilatations are increasing. The only really wise thing to do is to consult a proctologist. You will receive competent advice in terms of lifestyle, daily diet and last but not least effective treatment. Lately we are witnessing an increasing nuance of therapeutic methods ranging from the administration of local ointments to interventions relatively simple to perform and easy to bear by the patient. Classical surgery has been reserved for advanced forms of the disease, neglected forms, with a longer evolution over time. It should be explained that hemorrhoids that are of two types, internal, those that appear first, as variceal veins, located in the crown, inside the anal canal, at a depth of about 4 cm (which are responsible for discomfort, bleeding and complications) , and external hemorrhoids, which occur as a consequence of decompensation of venous drainage from already dilated internal hemorrhoids.The latter have more of an aesthetic implication, being noticed by the patient, but they can also be complicated when external hemorrhoidal thrombosis occurs (an external hemorrhoid thromboses and a painful swelling, bruising, appears on the edge of the anal canal). The idea is that internal hemorrhoids are the main culprits of suffering, embarrassment, bleeding, pain characteristic of hemorrhoidal disease, although the average patient, unaware, blames all this on external hemorrhoids. Another myth that needs to be debunked is that hemorrhoids occur in women immediately after a natural birth, except in the case of cesarean delivery. In fact, hemorrhoids develop from small venous lakes (hemorrhoidal plexuses) that exist in any person in the form of small venous cushions that ensure the natural sealing of the anal gas channel. 16

Venous drainage is done from the bottom up, the blood must rise, to fight gravity, this is why not the birth, but the whole period of pregnancy, in which we have venous compression on the lower cavity system2, in other words poor venous drainage, delayed, prevented, it causes these venous cushions to gradually dilate, turning into hemorrhoids. The birth, especially the natural one, also has an unfavorable influence on the already existing hemorrhoidal dilations, because, during the expulsion, it can cause the thrombosis of the hemorrhoids, leading to hemorrhoidal crises often interpreted by patients as the beginning of hemorrhoidal disease. It should be noted that any woman, during pregnancy and immediately after birth, can have internal hemorrhoidal varicose veins. Some may evolve favorably only with drug treatment, but when it comes to a family history such as varicose veins, hernias, hemorrhoids, flat feet or unfavorable occupational conditions such as sitting too long - jobs as a clerk, driver, etc. - then these dilations no longer it regresses after the period of postnatal pelvic congestion, on the contrary, it evolves unfavorably towards complications. In conclusion, hemorrhoids during puberty are a very common problem, which is why any woman after birth, who has discomfort in the anal region, should have a proctological consultation.

The lower cavity system carries blood into the general circulation. 17

HEMORRHOUS COMPLICATIONS I. Hemorrhagic complications: normochromic or hypochromic anemia, resistance to martial treatment and reversible after blood transfusion, resolved only by sclerosing or surgical hemorrhoid therapy.


External external hemorrhoidal thrombosis: • • •

sudden onset, after a forced stool (especially in patients with chronic constipation), but possibly also after a diarrhea or some physical exertion the onset may be favored by excessive food, alcohol, spices, and endocrine factors (pregnancy). the basic symptom is a state of anal tension that turns into a sharp pain (reminiscent of either the one present in the formation of a perianal abscess or the one that accompanies an anal fissure), accompanied by the appearance of a hard, painful swelling, blue-purple, about 2-3 cm in diameter, immobile, irreducible, located on the edge of the anus, covered at least partially by stretched and shiny skin (often pronounced edema). it can occur in the absence of previous hemorrhoids (perianal hematoma), on a pre-existing external hemorrhoid or following interventions on the anal region. possible evolution: progressive regression, ulceration with spontaneous removal of the clot, infection (superficial abscess).

Internal hemorrhoidal thrombosis Internal hemorrhoids occur in one of the following clinical forms: a) Hemorrhoidal thrombosis Hemorrhoids Hemorrhoids Simple hemorrhoids (intracanal): Occurs on internal hemorrhoids grade I-II. Subjectively, the exaggeration of the painful embarrassment appears, objectively there is, in the anal canal, one or more rounded, blue, hardened, painful to the touch swellings, covered by the glossy mucosa. Simple evolution, with ulceration or spontaneous resolution. b) thrombosis of prolapsed and irreducible prolapsed hemorrhoids (strangulated hemorrhoidal prolapse) It is the most serious and painful complication of internal hemorrhoids: brutal onset, with sharp pain that often occurs during a defecation effort, prolapse until then small volume becoming important and difficult of reduced. A slow sero-sanguineous discharge occurs, walking becomes impossible, the febrile patient remains in bed in an analgesic position, reflex urinary disorders may occur (retention). The irreducibility of prolapse is caused by hemorrhoidal thrombophlebitis and added sphincter spasm. It has a peripheral skin area infiltrated by white-pink edema and a central purplish mucosal area representing thrombosed hemorrhoids. Possible complications: hemorrhage, massive necrosis (sometimes self-amputation), infections (may spread to the ischiorectal fossae), phlebothrombosis of the veins in the small pelvis. The correct treatment leads to the resolution of the acute process in 2-4 weeks, followed by surgery to prevent very possible recurrence. c) suprahemorrhoidal vein thrombophlebitis (rare) 18

Violent anorectal pain associated with a painful hard cord that climbs the anterior rectal wall from the anus to the blister. Anuscopically and rectoscopically, the congested area appears (hyperemia, edema). There is also a bleeding and painless form. A possible and very serious complication is pilephlebitis, as well as the migration of septic emboli generating metastatic abscesses (liver, systemic). B.

HYPERTROPHIC CRYPTITIS AND HYPERTROPHIC PAPYLITIS The pain is localized, becomes deaf, permanent, exacerbated by defecation, decreasing in intensity after the elimination of matter (often simulates a fissure syndrome). In rectal cough, the palpating finger causes latero-commissural pain and may perceive the hypertrophied papilla. Anuscopically, the triangular hypertrophied papilla (cat teeth) or the enlarged crypt with a red bottom is observed. Possible evolution towards pseudofissural ulceration or cutaneous-mucous suppuration. C.

ANAL ANAL CRACK Violent pain (burning, rupture) that occurs a few minutes after the stool, usually in the back. It is associated with a pediculated hemorrhoid and can cause abscesses and fistulas. D.

ANORECTAL NEURALGIA ANORECTAL OF HEMOROIDAL ORIGIN HEMOROIDAL A sensation of localized weight anorectal, unrelated to defecation, with irradiation to the lumbar, perineum and genitals.

Infectious complications: Abscesses and fistulas that may occur after hemorrhoidal anitis or suppurative internal thrombophlebitis. Mesenteric phlebitis or even septicopioemia have been reported. Prior to the use of antibiotics and anticoagulants, embolic phlebitic and septic complications during the course of hemorrhoidal thrombophlebitis could be fatal.

Various complications: • Hemorrhoidal polyps or pseudopolyps (inflammatory polyp neoplasms following anitis phenomena). Sometimes it proliferates transanal without shrinking (they are a few centimeters long). • Prostato-urinary: dysuric or congestive prostatic accidents (especially in the elderly), with urinary retention, bladder tenesmus, etc., which occur in an abundant lunch or prolonged orthostatism that favors the production of a hemorrhoidal congestive outbreak. • Rebellious constipation (caused by the patient's fear of having a painful stool). • Mental disorders (in those prone).

TREATMENT The treatment must be individualized according to the evolutionary stage. If you have external hemorrhoids or even a single external hemorrhoid, the treatment is the same. The options for the treatment of external hemorrhoids are: the use of essential oils or creams. The symptoms written on the cream must match the symptoms that the person in question presents otherwise the cream cannot help. Some online creams for hemorrhoids and essential oils are suitable as a treatment for them and address all their symptoms. Some even help with healing. CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT Combating sedentary lifestyle along with some hygienic-dietary measures to which are added drug or natural treatments often give positive results. However, a large number of patients respond poorly to these measures or do not respond at all. Partial results or frequent recurrences are again a problem. Medical treatment of hemorrhoids initially aims to relieve symptoms. Measures to reduce symptoms include: • Hot baths or sitting baths several times a day for about 10 minutes • Ice packs to help reduce swelling • Gelatin-based oil, cortisone-containing creams, hemorrhoids, or suppositories • Wearing cotton underwear • Cleaning the anus after each stool with wet or damp toilet paper • Acetaminophen or acetylsalicylic acid. In the case of external hemorrhoids, home treatment is the best way to get rid of the disease and at the same time avoid itching and irritation of the anus. It is recommended to take daily baths! The diet will exclude spicy and spicy foods, alcohol, coffee, vegetarian products will be preferred to animal products following a daily non-traumatic stool for the anal canal. Special care is required in patients with chronic constipation. They will be recommended a correct hydration (2-3 liters of fluids per day), the diet will be divided into 4-5 intakes with a high fiber content, soups, fruits, vegetables, wholemeal bread not missing from the daily menu. Cranberry teas or plum compotes are beneficial. After the meal, a light physical activity is recommended, nature walks are welcome. We will try to avoid laxatives, and if they are absolutely necessary, we will prefer oily ones (olive oil, castor oil or paraffin). Enemas and suppositories will be avoided as much as possible given the irritating effect they cause over time. The ideal is to educate ourselves in such a way that we have a daily stool, even if sometimes we have to wake up earlier to consume a few cups of tea, juice or coffee with milk. A slight physical activity and the insistence with which one will expect on the toilet often have spectacular and lasting results in time. Also, patients who have digestive disorders that cause portal hypertension or transit disorders will need to resolve them. 20

Diarrhea can be as harmful as constipation. Local hygiene will consist of washing the perianal region after each stool, alternating cold and hot showers and rhythmically contracting the pelvic muscles. Sitting baths with chamomile tea or K hypermanganate have an anti-inflammatory and calming effect when practiced regularly. In pharmacies there are a number of preparations that are found in different compositions and forms of presentation and that if prescribed individually by a specialist in the field will help you at least in the early stages. CLASSICAL SURGICAL TREATMENT Classical surgical treatment radically resolves hemorrhoids, is performed in a hospital and requires general or spinal anesthesia. After sufficient anal dilation, the hemorrhoid will be ligated transfixingly and excised submucosally. In addition, an intrarectal gauze swab is applied for hemostatic purposes for 24-48 hours. It will then be extracted during the first dressing. Although over time the operation has had enough changes, the difficult evolution in the postoperative period, the prolonged duration of incapacity for work, as well as the postoperative pain have become the subject of conversations and scary object. For these reasons, the surgical world has always been looking for new, less invasive methods that will give lasting results over time. MODERN TREATMENT OF HEMORRHOIDS Treatment will be individualized taking into account the evolutionary stage of the disease: STAGE 1 - recommended: - conservative treatment - sclerotherapy - infrared photocoagulation - YAG-Laser STAGE 2 - infrared photocoagulation - benign sclerotherapy - ligature hemorrhoidal artery - YAG-Laser - combined methods STAGE 3 - elastic band ligation - transanal mucosal resection - laser-assisted hemorrhoidectomy or radiofrequency -liga-sure - combined methods STAGE 4 - Laser hemorrhoidectomy or Radiofrequency - ligoma-sure - hemorrhoid Ligature This procedure involves placing a rubber at the base of the internal hemorrhoids. The rubber pieces decrease the blood supply to the hemorrhoids, causing them to wrinkle and detach in about four to seven days. 21

Elastic band ligation Very popular method given the simplicity and the possibility to perform it in an outpatient setting. It consists of applying elastic rings made of Latex to the base of the hemorrhoids, which act as a gauze at the base of the hemorrhoid. It is not recommended to apply to more than one internal hemorrhoid per session. It requires returns every 2 weeks, during which time the treated hemorrhoid detaches through a process of necrosis. The method is applied in cases where internal hemorrhoids are well individualized and pediculated. For mixed hemorrhoids or for internal hemorrhoids with a wide implantation base, the method is used less frequently. Proctitis, chronic paraproctitis or anal fissures contraindicate the method.

Hemorrhoidal arterial ligation Hemorrhoidal hemorrhoidal method The method consists in ligating the arteries that supply the internal hemorrhoids so they will decrease considerably due to lack of blood supply. A special device is required which consists of an anuscope in the wall of which is mounted an ultrasonic sensor connected to a sound transducer. The moment we are near the artery, the detected pulsation turns into an audible signal. A wire will pass through a special window of the rectoscope that will intercept the artery to be ligated. Postoperative Doppler ultrasound will be repeated to check the effectiveness and evaluate the appropriateness of a new session. Sclerotherapy injection This procedure involves injecting a chemical solution into the mucosa close to the hemorrhoids. This solution reduces inflammation, closes the veins and thus reduces hemorrhoids. The method is based on injecting substances with sclerosing effect at the base of the hemorrhoid. This will cause the veins to deteriorate and shrink in volume through a scarring process. It is effective in the early stages in patients with well-defined hemorrhoidal plexuses. No anesthesia required. It is injected intrahemorrhoidally through an anuscope using a syringe and a special needle. It requires a minimum of 2 sessions because no more than two hemorrhoid packs are treated in one session. The patient stays for a few hours for observation, after which he can leave the clinic. Postoperatively, avoid excessive physical exertion for 10-14 days, have a diet and a soft, non-traumatic stool. Because about 80% of patients have moderate pain in the first 2 days postoperatively, they are recommended a common painkiller. 22

The next meeting is in 14 days. The best results are obtained in the initial phases, when the basic manifestation is hemorrhage. In the more advanced stages when prolapse occurs the method is less effective. Infrared photocoagulation This procedure involves targeting in infrared light to coagulate the dilated veins of hemorrhoids. This causes the hemorrhoids to contract because the blood does not flow through the clotted blood vessels.The method is based on the transmission of an infrared beam that generates heat with a destructive effect on hemorrhoidal sponges. The depth at which coagulation necrosis occurs is regulated by the duration of the pulse. It is usually set to 0.5-3 sec. The procedure consists in highlighting the internal hemorrhoid and applying it to the vascular pedicle for several photocautery points. As a result, sclerosis occurs in the vessels that supply the hemorrhoid and thus the latter will decrease in volume, gradually disappearing. At the same time, the mucosa will acquire a stronger attachment to the submucosa. Coagulation laser Laser hemorrhoid surgery is the process of using a laser to induce electric currents in the hemorrhoidal veins. Through this procedure, the blood circulation in the hemorrhoids is stopped, thus reducing the problematic symptoms. During the operation, when a laser probe sends electricity to the hemorrhoids, a chemical reaction takes place that stops the flow of blood in the hemorrhoids. In this way, the hemorrhoids are reduced and the swollen hemorrhoids dry out. In this process, unwanted hemorrhoids are simply removed. Today, due to advances in technology, electricity is no longer induced. With a laser beam of infinitely small proportions, the affected hemorrhoids are simply burned or removed. The pain associated with this modified treatment for hemorrhoids is much less compared to that caused by the laser probe. The laser surgical procedure for hemorrhoids is used predominantly for external hemorrhoids and less so for internal hemorrhoids. Recovery, which was a rather slow and painful process after laser coagulation, is much more painless. After a laser treatment for hemorrhoids, hemorrhoid creams can help you recover more easily. Since this hemorrhoid surgery can be performed on an outpatient basis and the patient can go home the same day, many patients and surgeons prefer laser treatment over other hemorrhoid treatments. Due to the accuracy of the laser probes, the operation is minimally invasive and controlled. A very small area is affected. Also due to the accuracy, the recovery is also very fast. Due to the advantages of laser hemorrhoid surgery, this method of hemorrhoid removal will have many followers in the future. Depending on how large the hemorrhoids are, the laser beam can be wider or narrower. The wide laser beam is used to remove large hemorrhoids, while the narrow laser beam is used to make small incisions. Laser coagulation, used earlier, used to cause a lot of discomfort and pain. But today, with the laser beam, clinical accuracy has been achieved and the process itself has become much easier in all respects.

But laser treatment for hemorrhoids is not always the first treatment. In fact, it is the last treatment for hemorrhoids. People tend to be embarrassed by this treatment, plus it is very expensive, being performed only by expert surgeons. An inexperienced surgeon can do more harm than good if the laser beam is not handled accurately. Advantages of laser surgery for hemorrhoids: - Due to their accuracy, hemorrhoids are simply burned and removed without scarring. - Higher accuracy leads to faster recovery. - Less discomfort. - Hemorrhoids are removed faster. - Fewer complications. Disadvantages: - Only external hemorrhoids can be treated. - Infections can occur. - Very expensive. - Must be performed by experienced surgeons. The Whitehead-Vercescu technique involves circular removal of the mucosa with hemorrhoidal bundles, then suturing the mucosa to the skin. The technique of circular excision of the rectal mucosa above the dentate line using a stapler, developed by Italian surgeon Antonio Longo in 1993 is a modern invasive alternative, but also burdened with postoperative sequelae and persistent pain syndrome. For the treatment of displaced hemorrhoids, their surgical removal is recommended. For the treatment of external thrombotic hemorrhoids, hemorrhoid drainage or surgery is recommended. Surgery is the last line of defense against hemorrhoids. Most hemorrhoids can be treated and cured with several treatments such as oral medications and the application of ointments, but others need to be treated surgically. In almost all cases, herbs may be able to provide solutions. Doctors suggest surgery only in cases where the hemorrhoids are very painful and are likely to cause additional complications. The main purpose of hemorrhoidal surgery is to provide early help and avoid complications. Mainly, patients with displaced hemorrhoids (advanced stage of internal hemorrhoids) are advised to undergo surgery.

DIET The symptoms of hemorrhoids are very easy to alleviate with a proper diet! This does not mean that changing your diet is the only thing that can help, as the treatment prescribed by your doctor is, in fact, the one that cures hemorrhoids. But a proper diet can do a lot of good, and an improper diet causes all sorts of problems. First, let's think about one of the most important causes of hemorrhoids, namely constipation. What causes this pathological condition so common in the general population? Usually the answer is food. Of course, there are other causes, such as sedentary lifestyle or pregnancy, but diet remains the main culprit for the onset and chronicity of constipation. Along with the blockage of normal intestinal transit come many other problems, including inflammation of the anorectal veins, so hemorrhoids. It is true that there are categories of foods that can lead to digestive problems, but it is also true that there are foods that greatly alleviate the symptoms of hemorrhoids. Recent studies have shown that most people with hemorrhoids have a common dietary deficiency: fiber. Thus, the main element of an antihemorrhoidal diet is fiber or, more precisely, any food that contains large amounts of fiber. It may seem very complicated, but the truth is that fiber is found in almost any food. For example, if you are accustomed to eating cereal milk in the morning, try replacing regular cereals with whole grains, and your fiber needs are met for that day. Also, do not cure whole grains for more than three or four weeks because, ironically, the same fiber, in very large quantities, lead to chronic constipation. If you don't like cereal, you can always take your daily fiber intake from the fruits and vegetables you eat. However, try to avoid very spicy vegetables, such as red peppers or sea onions, because they have the opposite effect and will lead to the aggravation of your hemorrhoids. Other foods you can use to fight or prevent hemorrhoids are cranberry, blackberry, cherry, blackcurrant and redcurrant juices. What do all these fruits have in common? They all contain chemical compounds called anthocyanins and proanthocyanins that have capillary-protective and venoprotective properties. At the same time, these compounds will reduce inflammation in the anorectal veins. It is recommended that cranberry and blackberry juices be freshly prepared when administered and also administered together to enhance their effect.

It is usually preferred that blackcurrant and redcurrant juice not be administered at the same time or in the same cure, as the two together contain an exaggerated amount of anthocyanins and proanthocyanins. It is recommended that the patient not drink more than one to three glasses a day of any of the juices mentioned above. Diet for the prevention of hemorrhoids Of particular importance is the adoption of a tailor-made diet, because it plays an essential role in the treatment of hemorrhoids, in addition to the medicines and natural remedies mentioned earlier. Moreover, the methods already explained are less likely to succeed if they are not accompanied by a proper diet. They depend on each other, and for the desired result they must go hand in hand. Sooner or later, what you eat will turn into feces and be eliminated. The contents of the stool but also other causes determine whether or not the appearance of hemorrhoids. The secret of the anti-hemorrhoid diet, both for those who have already dealt with this problem, but also for those who want to avoid such inconveniences in the future, is to introduce in the diet at least 20-30 grams of fiber every day. This remedy is mandatory to start the fight against hemorrhoids and especially for a better and healthier intestinal transit. What are fibers? Also called ballast substances, dietary fiber contains all the components of plant foods that the stomach cannot digest or absorb. Fiber plays an essential role in digestion, due to the cellulose, lignin, pectin and mucilage it contains, all ensuring optimal intestinal transit. Fiber is rich in vitamins, trace elements and minerals. According to experts, fiber is a complex of carbohydrates from plant-based foods that the human body cannot digest and absorb. Fibers are classified, depending on their properties, into 2 categories: soluble (dissolves in water) and insoluble (does not dissolve). 1. Water-soluble fiber - helps digestion and helps the body absorb nutrients from other foods. They dissolve and ferment in gases and other compounds in the colon. Soluble fibers or pectins are found mainly in fruits, peas and beans. These fibers dissolve in water, resulting in a substance with a gelatinous consistency. Such fibers, by increasing the volume of food present in the stomach gives a feeling of early satiety. 2. Insoluble fibers - absorb water through the digestive tract. They are not fully digested, but remain in the stool, making it easier for them to pass through the intestines. Insoluble or raw fibers, from nuts, vegetables, wholemeal flour, have a role in accelerating intestinal transit and in the formation of fecal bowl, thus helping to regulate the processes in the digestive tract and prevent colorectal cancer. Foods that contain more soluble fiber include: oat bran, barley, dried beans, brown rice, citrus fruits, potatoes, peas, strawberries and apples. Foods that contain high levels of insoluble fiber include: whole grains, wheat bran, seeds, grains and peels from most fruits and vegetables. Regarding the actual need for dietary fiber, specialists say that it differs in both sexes, as well as age, as follows: - under 50 years, women need about 25 grams per day, and men 38 grams per day - over 51 years, the need decreases to 21 grams for women and 30 grams for men. 26

The diet can be enriched in fiber by simply increasing the amount of fruits and vegetables consumed daily. Of course, nutritionists recommend a wide range of tricks in order to increase the percentage of fiber in the diet. It should be noted that although the increased intake of fiber has many benefits, excessive consumption can have unpleasant effects (cramps, bloating). Therefore, the intake should be increased gradually, by a few grams per week, for several weeks. Most plants contain both soluble and insoluble fibers. For 100 gr of product, the fiber content is as follows: Cereals: - Sifted flour - 19 gr - White rice - 1 gr - Whole rice - 5 gr - White bread - 1 gr - Wholemeal bread - 13 gr - Bran - 40gr Dried vegetables : - Dried beans - 25 gr - Lentils - 12 gr - Peas - 23 gr - Chickpeas - 2 gr

Oily dried fruits: - Peanuts - 9 gr - Dates - 9 gr - Almonds - 14 gr - Dried coconut - 24 gr - Dried figs - 18 gr - Raisins - 7 gr Green vegetables: - Mushrooms - 2.5 gr - Peas boiled greens - 12 gr - Carrots -2 gr - Parsley - 9 gr - Leeks - 4 gr - Radishes - 3 gr - Lettuce - 2 gr - Boiled spinach - 7 gr - Cabbage - 4 gr Fresh fruits: - Strawberries - 2 gr - Apples - 3 gr - Pears - 3 gr - Peaches - 2 gr - Raspberries - 8 gr Pay attention to how these vegetables are cooked! It is preferable to eat them raw, or steamed, because by boiling some of the vitamins and salts pass into the water, where they are lost. 27

The role of fibers in the body Fibers have a particularly important role in maintaining health, having primarily a primary role in preventing the occurrence of intestinal cancer. They speed up the intestinal transit and help to dilute and pass through the intestines of food compounds that are not necessary for the body, diluting them. Fiber helps eliminate toxic agents that lead to cancer. The best method to prevent constipation and hemorrhoids is to include fiber in the diet, by consuming as many vegetables, fruits, whole grains. Unfortunately, fiber intake has dropped considerably in recent years and as a result, the number of people suffering from stomach and intestinal disorders has increased dramatically. Nowadays, the role of dietary fiber is neglected, although plant fiber is extremely important in preventing diseases such as colon, prostate, breast and uterine cancer, or in ameliorating others, such as diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, or as a remedy for some ailments, especially constipation or hemorrhoids. Also, fiber helps to stop the absorption of lipids in the body and thus reduces the risk of atherosclerosis limits the toxic effects of various chemicals, present in commercial foods, etc. Fiber also has a good influence on obesity, because they lower blood sugar, insulin secretion, which causes the deposition of kilograms, ie reserve fats. It has been found that those populations whose diet is rich in fiber suffer much less often from hemorrhoids and the incidence of internal or external hemorrhoids is extremely low, because the risk of constipation is much reduced, as well as pressure in the colon, on the background optimal fiber consumption. A high-fiber diet prevents constipation - the main cause of hemorrhoids. Softer stools that are easily removed, that do not irritate the colon and anal tissue, are the normal ones that do not lead to the formation of hemorrhoids. Optimal fiber intake helps reduce blood cholesterol levels, reduces fatigue caused by various digestive problems and is especially indicated for people suffering from diabetes and helps prevent cardiovascular disease. Increasing fiber intake is the most recommended measure to reduce and prevent constipation and hemorrhoids. Fiber can be found in all vegetables, legumes and fruits, nuts, seeds, etc. they can also be found in seafood.The best type of fiber that helps prevent constipation is the insoluble one, ie the fibers found in whole grains and wheat bran. These types of fibers retain water through their cellular structure and make the stool more consistent and therefore easier to remove. Wheat bran is also known to be particularly effective and a natural laxative. Watch out for white bread! It is made only from refined white flour, from which all the fibers have been extracted! Try to eat whole grain bread or wheat bran!

Citrus fruits, vegetables and legumes are also ideal for the development of intestinal and colonic flora, which increases the number of good bacteria and adds consistency to the stool. Good intestinal flora also means a healthy intestine for which constipation and therefore the formation of hemorrhoids is not a danger. In addition, high-fiber foods have a high content of antioxidants that help improve the immune system and help prevent disease. For example, three prunes contain 3.9 grams of fiber, and one cup of plums contains about 12 grams of fiber. Although rich in fiber, hazelnuts are not recommended for those suffering from hemorrhoids, as their condition worsens. On the other hand, too much fiber a day can cause stomach cramps and colic. The dose of fiber in the diet should be increased gradually, depending on each person. If the fiber in whole grains, vegetables and fruits has no effect against constipation and hemorrhoids, foods that contain a lot of bran, psyllium husk (a plant related to plantain) and methylcellulose - a white powder that, in composition with water does not it is absorbed by the intestines but passes through the digestive tract, along with large amounts of water, reaching the colon and producing a softer and more consistent stool), but which also exists in the form of a drug called Citrucel, all three could work better than just a change in diet. These high-fiber products have a laxative effect, but with them, water consumption must be increased, as they can cause even greater constipation. Water is especially important because it cleanses the colon and helps eliminate stool from the body. It is known that slow chewing of food helps the digestive tract to digest food properly, as opposed to if we swallow quickly and force the digestive tract to work longer to metabolize food, as the pieces of food ingested may remain undigested longer. time, the result being constipation, followed by the formation of hemorrhoids. Dietary fiber enrichment By cooking much of the fiber as well as vitamins are lost. That is why it is recommended to avoid thermal preparation and to eat raw fruits and vegetables. Here are some practical ways to easily increase the amount of fiber in your diet: → add garnishes of vegetables, herbs and mushrooms to your favorite steak → add onions pizza, tomatoes, hot and fatty peppers, spinach and even making the top of mixed wholemeal flour with a few tablespoons of wheat bran → adopting other culinary styles, such as those of Asian or Oriental cuisine → combining various high-fiber products and consuming them for breakfast or as snacks between meals, during the day, of example: a low-fat yogurt, fruit juice and fresh or frozen fruit (depending on the season and preferences) → eating wholemeal biscuits or bars or popcorn when you feel the need for a snack → eating sandwiches based on lettuce, carrots and bell peppers in a wholemeal bun → full consumption of vegetable soups rich in beans, peas or lentils → cons Various combinations of fruit salads can be made as a dessert, for example, bananas, blackberries, oranges, pineapples, over which you can add crushed walnuts or unsweetened coconut.

→ beans are an excellent source of fiber, depending on the assortment and can reach 15 grams of fiber per 100 grams of product (black beans) in these conditions it is recommended to use the full beans in cooking, whether it is soups, soups, stews or salads → grilling fruits and vegetables, which will give them a special flavor → enriching the spaghetti sauce with grated carrots → replacing white flour with wholemeal flour in recipes, but also accompanied by changes in other ingredients, whereas wholemeal flour is heavier than white flour and requires more yeast and a longer leavening time → replacing pasta, white bread, rice, with similar products but from wholemeal flour or wheat bran choosing wholemeal pasta with various shapes and colors so as to satisfy the need for new in the daily diet (prevents the installation of monotony in the diet) → replacement of flour tortillas with what corn, which have 50% more fiber → making their own recipes and combinations, to everyone's taste, including vegetables such as spinach, black beans and brown rice → it is recommended to replace donuts (especially those served in the morning coffee) with cereal bars → supplementing the diet with fresh fruits as diverse as possible, such as mango, which has a higher fiber content.

Consult the labels carefully! The information provided by the labels of purchased products can be very useful in some cases. In general, a product is considered a good source of fiber if it has a content of about 2.5 grams (which means 10% of the daily requirement). If it weighs 5 grams / serving, the product is already part of the high-fiber food class. These are considered to be excellent sources of fiber. Consume nuts with everything! Keeping the skins of fruits and vegetables eaten is important, as they have a very high fiber content. This is one of the reasons why fresh fruit is considered to have more fiber than when it is in juice (where it is completely peeled). All fruits and vegetables should be carefully washed and rinsed with lukewarm water before consumption. Easy consumption It is recommended to buy packages of vegetables or fruits already cleaned, sliced ​​or mashed, to facilitate their consumption. Fruit Snacks They can be fresh or dehydrated fruit, for example, half a glass of raspberry weighs 4 grams, a papaya weighs 5 grams, and 5 rounds of dehydrated apple contain about 3 grams of fiber. Improving eating habits Consumption of whole grain cereals or pastries can always be added to fruits with a high fiber content, such as bananas (3.1 grams / fruit), blackberries (3.8 grams / half a glass) . High-fiber breakfast If your day starts with a breakfast containing a minimum of 5 grams of fiber per serving, you already provide about 25% of your daily needs. They can come from cereals, or even beans (it has 10 grams of fiber per 100 grams of product). In addition, a breakfast with cereals also helps to control weight. Eat whole grains with milk or yogurt! 30

You can also try 2 teaspoons of wheat bran with 2 tablespoons of yogurt, for two months, every morning. Regulates intestinal transit and reduces the risk of constipation. Also for breakfast you can try your own recipe - Homemade muesli • ¼ cup of oats • ½ cup of yogurt • ¼ cup of skim milk • 1/8 cup of oat bran • 1 tablespoon of raisins • 2 dried and chopped apricots small • 2 teaspoons crushed hazelnuts Mix the oats, bran, fruit and yogurt in a bowl, refrigerate overnight and pour milk on top in the morning and serve. Here is a recipe for natural miracle medicine: - 100 grams of dried plums (without seeds) - 100 grams of dried apricots - 100 grams of dried figs - 1 tablespoon of oil Keep the mixture in the refrigerator and eat a spoonful every morning with a glass of the water. In this way you will be able to prevent constipation or at least reduce the phenomenon! So what is good to eat and what is good to avoid so as not to face this condition? First of all, natural juices are ideal, because they give fast results, reaching the bloodstream effectively, they contain many vitamins that help strengthen the immune system. Among the most suitable fruits are oranges and bananas. Two or three oranges and a banana a day will provide you with the necessary vitamin C, fiber and bioflavonoids so that you do not face the problem of hemorrhoids. Pomegranate juice is also recommended for the prevention of hemorrhoids, one glass a day. It has an astringent effect, and can even be applied to the compress on the affected area. Currant juice is very good in treating hemorrhoids, because it contains rutabion and minerals that together stop hemorrhoids from developing. 2-3 glasses of currant juice a day are recommended if you already suffer from hemorrhoids. Papaya juice will also help you fight hemorrhoids. It contains fiber and enzymes that help the digestion process. You will have regular stools with a normal consistency that do not put pressure on the blood vessels in the anus area.

Watch out for certain foods! If you suffer from hemorrhoids you should know that there is a whole list of foods that you will need to avoid and that can be considered responsible for your situation, because they lead to hemorrhoids: • fatty foods • fatty products of animal origin • red meat, beef or lamb • alcohol • coffee NO! • • • •

spicy foods and ingredients eggs diets high protein protein salty foods, salty chips, etc. 31

salamis, sausages sour drinks beer

wine products based on caffeine

If any of the foods mentioned above are already in your diet, you will need to eliminate them completely to prevent or treat hemorrhoids. Also pay attention to salt consumption! A high-salt diet also leads to an increased risk of hemorrhoids. Salt retains excess fluid that stops the free flow of feces, which puts pressure on the veins in the anus, where hemorrhoids can form. Excess sodium worsens the condition of hemorrhoids because the salt retains fluids in the circulatory system that can cause the veins in the anus or elsewhere to swell. If you are already suffering from hemorrhoids, here are some recipes - of your choice - with which you can soothe hemorrhoids: ► Bananas Eat 4-5 bananas daily for 4-5 days. Bananas are eaten with the peel, being cut into very thin slices. ► Onion Finely chop a medium-sized onion. In a porcelain bowl, mix a tablespoon of honey with chopped onion and make a paste, with which you can grease the area affected by hemorrhoids whenever you feel pain. ► "Wooden ears" mushrooms Let 50 g of wooden ears mushrooms soak in 250 ml of hot water for 1 hour. Then remove the mushrooms, drain and put in a saucepan with 500 ml of water and 30 g (2 tablespoons) of salt. Put on high heat until it boils, then continue cooking on very low heat for 10 minutes. The decoction obtained is divided into three equal parts and drunk in the three main moments of the day. The treatment lasts as long as necessary. ► Figs / dates Boil 10 figs in a liter of water until the water drops to 700 ml. Figs or dates are eaten throughout the day (not all at once!), And the resulting juice is used for local (anal) washes. The treatment lasts 4-6 days. Or consume 7-8 sugared dates daily. ► Garlic Wash the affected area thoroughly with warm water. Immediately after washing, apply a solution obtained from garlic juice (1 part), mixed with 5 parts water. The solution is applied topically with a soft cotton or wool cloth. The treatment lasts as long as necessary. ► Pork gallbladder Take 3-4 gallbladder pigs, clean and wash thoroughly. They are boiled and then prepared similarly to beef belly tuzlama. That is, cut into thin, long strips and cover with a white garlic sauce. Such a portion will be consumed daily for 5-7 days. 32

Drink as much WATER as possible! Every time we think more deeply about water, three essential elements then come to mind about it. Water is the origin of life, the matrix from which all are born and without which life, as we know it, would set, is the basic purifying element and, last but not least, a symbol of regeneration, of rebirth to a new life. Every age, every science, every cultural area has its own point of view on water, but in the end, in a puzzle, the image obtained is coherent. Medicine seeks to bring practical solutions. Healing diseases, improving the quality of life are its points of interest. What is its role in the body? What are the losses? What is the optimal intake? What should be the ideal quality of the water we consume? What is the relationship between water and health or disease? These are questions from an endless story. The answers reshape with each passing moment. Do we become wiser, does water become wiser? It is certain that there is no valid general answer. The answers are individual and we find them by establishing an intimate relationship with water, paying attention to it and to ourselves. Chronic Dehydration We will now focus on one aspect: dehydration, because it is more important than ever to people today. Due to a messy lifestyle they forget to hydrate properly. It goes without saying that we will not dwell on that situation which occurs acutely as a result of large losses of fluids. This is the prerogative of intensive care. We will seek to understand what happens when people fail to bring enough water into the body without it immediately endangering vital resources. This is what some call "chronic dehydration." Every function of the body is supported by water. In these complicated mechanisms that take place in the body, water has not only the role of solvent, but also the role of regulator (role often attributed only to dissolved substances). A mistake that has been made frequently is the fact that the aim was only to identify the substances responsible for the appearance of certain diseases, not taking into account the regulatory power of water. The plus or minus variations of the water are as important in triggering some disorders as those of the other regulators. The most common situation we encounter is that of insufficient water consumption. Many of our contemporaries do not consume enough liquid or those consumed are of inferior quality. Substances such as alcohol and caffeine in many beverages are themselves a source of dehydration. There is a gradual decrease in the feeling of thirst, the body is learning to live with smaller and smaller amounts of water, thus dehydration occurs. Most of us do not drink the required amount of water, so we are running at a low level of dehydration and suffer from a lot of diseases that result from it.The low water intake induces an increase in histamine secretion to allow a greater amount of water to reach the dehydrated area. When histamine crosses the nerves, it causes pain. Thus dehydration produces pain as the first signal. If dehydration persists and is not corrected over time, the disease occurs. Chemicals used to relieve pain or other symptoms associated with dehydration block the mechanisms by which the body warns us, but obviously does not remove the cause (dehydration). Dehydration is, according to some doctors, one of the major causes of dyspeptic syndromes, joint problems, asthma,

allergies, hypercholesterolemia, constipation, nausea, menstrual problems, skin and the list could go on. The solution is to administer water regularly to prevent and treat these conditions. Simply administering water in the right amounts can resolve mild imbalances. For more serious conditions, water administration should be accompanied by auxiliary methods. Dehydration usually occurs in years, often beginning in childhood. If dehydration has occurred in years we cannot expect rehydration to occur immediately. For rehydration to occur, regular consumption of water and natural fluids in adequate amounts is required. During all this time there is a re-education of the feeling of thirst, a re-habituation of the body to take as much water as it needs. The daily water requirement is on average 1.5 - 2 l / day (8-10 cups / day). A simple test to check if we are hydrating properly is to observe the urination schedule and the appearance of urine. The normal situation is urination every 3-5 hours during the day, and urine should be lightly colored. If the urine appears after several hours or the urine is intensely colored, it is very likely that we do not consume enough fluids. This test is not valid for those suffering from urinary disorders. We need a rhythm of water administration. Think about what would happen if we drank all the water we needed for a day, in the evening. In bodybuilding it is recommended to drink water in small sips throughout the day. Whether you accept this proposal or not, avoid consuming water while eating (except when the food is very dry). Ideally, you should drink water or other liquids half an hour before a meal and half an hour - an hour after a meal. What kind of water do we use? There are waters and waters. and even if we use the same generic term to name it, it is never the same. Its origin, degree of purity and composition determine its taste and legal scientific classification: - tap water - spring water - natural mineral water - carbonated water - purified / distilled water. Tap water: it is water purified and chemically treated before reaching each house through a network of pipes. The quality of the source from which it is taken and the harsh purification methods greatly reduce its specific natural qualities and its passage to the consumer through the pipeline system significantly alters its purity. The preferred treatment for purifying tap water involves the use of chlorine to remove bacteria and other parasites from drinking water. But when chlorine reacts with organic compounds in water, trihalomethane is produced, which can cause cancer. Instead, cryptosporidium, a microscopic parasite that can cause serious health problems or even death, is resistant to chlorine. Spring water: when springing from a clean area, where the underground environment is not polluted, it is sufficiently filtered to make it drinkable but is sensitive to climate change and surface pollution. Especially for lowland or hill waters, rainy periods or on the contrary, dry ones, greatly affect the content of minerals and microorganisms, sometimes the water losing its potability. Natural mineral water: natural mineral water comes from a source that has been subjected to strict quality tests, provided by law. Unlike simple spring water, a mineral water

quality is obtained by deep drilling which ensures its stability, temperature and constant mineral salt content, regardless of climatic conditions at the surface. Moreover, if the mineral water is extracted from an area declared a nature reserve, the underground mineral layers that ensure its filtration will be maintained in the best condition, ensuring an effective protection against any microbiological contamination. Natural mineral water is practically pure, untreated water, except for the removal of unstable elements and the addition of natural carbon dioxide. It reaches the consumer intact, with all its natural qualities. The addition of natural carbon dioxide extracted from the same natural space as water ensures its integrity once again. Carbonated water: often obtained even from tap or equivalent sources, purified by industrial methods and adding industrial carbon dioxide, carbonated water is practically a water devoid of nobility that has lost all its richness and intrinsic life. It is a simple sparkling water, better purified than tap water. Purified / distilled water: it is an ordinary water, purified by hard methods, including distillation, which eliminates any content of minerals and microorganisms, leaving the water in its chemically pure state: H2O. The best drinking water is spring water from unpolluted areas or properly filtered water. Because we do not always have access to such a source of water, we provide you with several methods for purifying and improving water quality: 1. Add five teaspoons of fresh lemon juice to a liter of water. 2. Put the water in a bottle and place it on the negative side (north pole) of some magnets for 3-4 hours. They attract harmful elements and dissolve them. 3. Place a pre-purified crystal in water, and hold it for a few hours. 4. Mix a teaspoon of clay to a liter of water, after which the clay is left to settle, then the water thus purified is consumed. 5. Leave the water for 24 hours at the beneficial focal point of a pyramid in a shady and cool place before drinking or using it for cooking. It is almost impossible to drink "too much water", the ability to normally eliminate the kidneys easily cope with any excess.

Rehydration Regardless of the water we use, we must not forget an essential idea: rehydration is done gradually and carefully. It is necessary to recognize the particular indicators of thirst as it manifests itself in the case of each of us. Not everyone is the same. Due to the adaptation to lower and lower levels of fluid, the body does not always respond with the appearance of thirst. Instead, some of us experience fatigue, others have blurred vision, mindset, nausea, headache, dry mouth, gastric acidity, etc., symptoms that resolve almost immediately after consuming water. It is an exercise in attention in which we learn what happens to our own body when we become dehydrated. Water means life and that is why it is necessary to drink good water, in the most conscious way possible.

EASY AND EFFECTIVE REMEDIES There are some extremely simple methods that you can apply even in the privacy of your own home and that can help you relieve the pain caused by hemorrhoids, bleeding, itching or even the volume of hemorrhoids. Here's what you can do to get rid of the pain caused by hemorrhoids: ► Aloe Vera- from burns to scars, aloe vera is used for a variety of ailments. It also treats hemorrhoids. Use the fresh aloe vera plant, cut it into slices, put it in a bowl and leave it in the freezer. When it froze, he inserted a strip of aloe vera into his anus. The pain will be relieved immediately. Repeat in the evening and in the morning. If you have inflamed hemorrhoids, you will not be able to use this remedy until they shrink. ► Some herbs have excellent qualities in fighting hemorrhoids. For example, the root of Collisonia canadensis, also known as the stone root, a very good diuretic, tonic and restorer. It is an excellent remedy for pelvic congestion and is the main remedy for the so-called "pelvic inflammatory disease". The treatment for hemorrhoids is from Colisonia granules, 2-3 times a day, 3-4 weeks. This root has been shown to help strengthen veins and works as an astringent that helps shrink blood vessels. ► Place a ramp about 15 cm high in front of the toilet bowl when you need to remove the seat. Put your feet on the ramp to lift them. This will help you defecate and greatly reduce the pain when you have hemorrhoids. ► Warm baths help a lot! Warm water increases blood circulation throughout the body, reduces swollen veins and reduces the pain caused by hemorrhoids. ► Sitz baths help relieve pain and discomfort caused by hemorrhoids. In the hot water in the tub add special oils for aromatherapy and sit in the tub with your knees raised, in just a few inches of water. The heat in the water helps reduce pain and inflammation. You can use a partial bath after using the toilet - instead of using dry toilet paper, you can fill the tub with enough water to cover your hemorrhoids if you sit down. You just have to make sure that the water is warm and not cold, because cold things are good only for the hemorrhoids themselves, and not the whole area of ​​the pool. ► Bananas - bananas are known to be particularly effective for people with potassium deficiency, but they are also indicated in the treatment of hemorrhoids. Boil a ripe banana in milk and drink the shake at least 3 times a day. ► Drink lukewarm water when you are constipated, as it helps eliminate feces and intestinal transit from the food bowl. You already know about the importance of water consumption. ► Baking soda and water - the mixture is particularly beneficial for stinging and for hemorrhoids in general. ► Slice onions and honey - mix well and apply on the affected area to get rid of swollen hemorrhoids. You can replace onions with garlic. ► Enemas. For cleansing the intestines and releasing constipation, hot water is the most effective. Enemas are administered directly into the rectum and then into the colon. When the enema is over, after 510 minutes, the feces and water are removed. 36

► Eat nuts and fresh vegetables (eg bell peppers, lettuce, broccoli), nuts, figs, plums, yogurt, etc. ► Ice cubes - considering that hemorrhoids are an inflammation of the tissues, you can apply ice or at least cold water on the affected area to relieve the discomfort caused by hemorrhoids. So do not hesitate to try this simple solution. Crushed ice works wonders and shrinks hemorrhoids. Apply ice directly to the inflamed area to make the pain go away and apply the same method several times a day. The pain will go away in just a few days. ► Whenever you feel a sting or irritation, use a Vaseline-based ointment and apply your finger to the irritated area. If the anus is irritated and does not open to allow the stool to be removed, insert a little Vaseline into the rectum with your finger. Make sure you wash your hands thoroughly with antiseptic soap, both before and after using the cream. ► Avoid those foods and drinks that cause even more irritation and worsen the symptoms caused by hemorrhoids. Avoid coffee and high-caffeine drinks, spicy products, sauces, beer and carbonated beverages. ► Exercise, with the activation of all muscles, including those of the digestive tract. Walk a lot, ride a bike, swim, etc. ► Avoid lifting weights and ask for help from others, without shame or embarrassment. ► Use antiseptic cream to numb that area and reduce inflammation and stinging. ► Use a special chair cushion, which you can buy from pharmacies. ► Use a damp cloth for the hygiene of the anal region or a bath towel soaked in lukewarm water. ► Passion fruit - 4 gr mixed with ¼ cup of water. Apply the solution on a swab and apply on the affected area. ► Try not to make the situation worse by using abrasive tissues to clean the rectum and try not to irritate the area by scratching, because the healing process will be longer and the risk of infections is higher. ► Start the day with a healthy breakfast: rye bread, yogurt, fruit. ► Liquids - a glass of sana with 3 teaspoons of Momordia charantia juice (Karela or bitter melon). Drink this mixture every morning for 30 days. ► Eat as many fiber foods as possible! ► Eat at fixed hours to get used to regular digestive tract. Try not to skip meals! ► Maintain your anal hygiene! Avoid wiping with rough, hard paper and rubbing that area. This process aggravates the condition and irritates the skin. As much as possible, clean the area with a little water or a shower, and avoid products that irritate the skin. Rinse well with water and then gently dry the area with a towel

clean. You can also use wet aloe vera wipes, like baby wipes to use gently. ► Go to the bathroom whenever you feel the need. Go to the toilet, even if it is needed several times a day. Try to go as soon as you feel the need, because if you delay the elimination of the stool you can cause constipation reflex and no longer feel the need to go to the bathroom for a few hours, when the elimination will be more painful and lasting. Avoid sitting on the toilet for a long time, no more than 5 minutes, do not tense, do not hold your breath on the toilet because these practices cause the venous cushions to enlarge which means the reappearance of hemorrhoids. Nothing happens if you feel that you have not eliminated everything walk or it is better to do anything else (than sitting on the toilet and reading, talking on the phone, etc.) and not long after you will feel the need to go again. ► Chew food well and eat slowly. This will facilitate the process of digesting food! ► Almonds - heat almond oil, pour on a cotton swab, and apply on the affected area. ► Do not try to refrain from going to the toilet! When you feel the need, go to the toilet! It is recommended that you get used to going to the toilet at regular times, every day, even if you do not feel the need. ► Do not sit on hard surfaces for a long time. ► Do not force yourself in the bathroom, trying to remove the chair. Do not cough when trying to remove feces. Yoga exercises are especially effective for the abdominal organs and those of the pelvic region and intestines, especially for those affected by chronic constipation and hemorrhoids. Regular Yoga exercises can have a very beneficial effect to get rid of this condition. ► Apple cider vinegar helps you reduce your hemorrhoids and has the property of stopping bleeding. Apply a little apple cider vinegar on a cotton swab and dab the affected area. Apple cider vinegar can also be used orally: mix a little apple cider vinegar with honey in a glass and drink before bed. ► For bleeding hemorrhoids - goat's milk with black mustard - mix in a blender and drink several times a day to take control of the bleeding hemorrhoids.► Among the many natural remedies presented in the previous chapters, there is also the cream with walnut extract of witches (or Hamamelis virginiana, whose leaves are used as an extract). The lotion can be applied around the rectum with a cotton pad. It is one of the best remedies for both internal and external hemorrhoids, and helps stop bleeding. This hazelnut cream or lotion causes hemorrhoids to shrink and blood vessels to shrink. It is important to keep that area as clean as possible, but it is not advisable to use abrasive products or rough paper. You can use aloe vera napkins or wet baby wipes, which you can pour a little enchanted hazelnut extract to use whenever you want to maintain the hygiene of the anal area. ► Herbal remedies - look in pharmacies and health food stores for any herbal product that has in its composition: gooseberries, thorn root (ruscus aculeatus), chestnuts, elm, white oak bark, and enchanted hazelnut. These remedies, along with mango seeds and white radish are unquestionable natural remedies against hemorrhoids. 38

► Give up tight, thong-type underwear and tight jeans. ► WEAKEN! Obesity is often associated with the appearance of hemorrhoids. Weight puts a lot of pressure on the lower body and increases the common symptoms of hemorrhoidal disease. ► Turnip, spinach, macerated leaf juice, blended. Drink the juice to make the hemorrhoids disappear. ► Lemon juice - squeeze a lemon and use the resulting juice to soak a cotton ball. Then apply on the irritated area. You will feel a slight sting that will disappear immediately. This method relieves you of pain immediately. ► Olive oil - a tablespoon of olive oil every morning is also particularly beneficial for combating hemorrhoids. ► Coconut oil has also been shown to be a simple but effective way to ostracize hemorrhoids. Apply topically twice a day and after each defecation. Use a cotton swab and dab the area with hemorrhoids. ► Castor oil Many people suffering from this condition have felt the beneficial effect of castor oil, applied on hemorrhoids. A popular method says to make a cotton plug and soak it in castor oil, then apply it on the hemorrhoids, which will be kept there while you walk. Relieves pain and reduces inflammation. ► Mimosa tea vapors - boil a few mimosa leaves in water and use the vapors to relieve pain in the anal area. You can also make a paste from the mimosa leaves to apply on the affected area. It will work wonders! ► Vitamin E - in the form of oil also works, especially in the case of hemorrhoids that give the burning sensation

Hemorrhoid Creams and Lotions Whenever you are looking for a product to get rid of hemorrhoids, look out for the included ingredients: corticosteroids, vasoconstrictors, antiseptics, anesthetics and painkillers! Let's take a look at what some of the famous creams and lotions in pharmacies or health food stores contain: VENAPRO Venapro ingredients relieve pain and itching caused by hemorrhoids, and include: • wild chestnut (relieves pain and bleeding in the anus) • arnica nervous and reduces the risk of bleeding, repairs the tissue) • lime fluoride (relieves itching and helps heal tissues reduces inflammation of the veins) • armurariu (Carduus marianus - prevents the appearance of swollen veins, bleeding and burning sensation in the anus and rectum) • collinsonia canadensis (stops the accumulation of waste that can cause constipation and then hemorrhoids improves the consistency and quality of feces that are eliminated more easily) • witch hazel (decreases vein enlargement) 39

rattan (reduces pain in the rectum and anus after each stool heals the cracks formed that give pain and accelerates their healing) vitamin E acetate (a powerful antioxidant that strengthens the cellular structure of skin and tissue) zinc (helps heal wounds and other lesions helps to develop a healthy immune system and better resistance to infections) plantain (heals cracks caused by hemorrhoids) cascara sagrada (ideal for purifying the body and with laxative properties improves intestinal transit) blueberry (treats vascular disorders and strengthens veins) mullein (contains fiber which acts as a lining for the intestines facilitates digestion has anti-inflammatory properties and kills bacteria) cayenne red pepper (improves circulation and immune system, helps digestion and improves stool consistency, preventing constipation) AVATROL Contains the same ingredients as Venapro, less vitamin E.

ANUSOL The ingredients in this suppository medicine are: pramoxine HCi, zinc sulphate, and the non-active ingredients include calcium phosphate, mineral oil, paraben. These are just a few conventional, over-the-counter dishes. The ingredients contained in each of these products will tell you whether or not that product is suitable for your body, so it is up to you to use that remedy or not. Keep in mind, however, that a large list of inactive ingredients does not make that product safer, more effective and better. The best ingredients you can rely on are the ones you can find in herbal preparations and in the mentioned remedies that you can apply at home. Why choose a natural remedy, and not traditional products, based on chemical compounds for hemorrhoids? There is only one answer: INGREDIENTS. Many conventional anti-hemorrhoid products, such as creams and lozenges, are made from chemicals that can cause side effects, other pain, diarrhea and nausea. On the other hand, natural remedies have no side effects and, unlike creams and pills in pharmacies that get rid of pain only temporarily, and only for milder cases of hemorrhoids, herbal ones treat and cure this condition. If you choose the natural way, you don't even have to think about the surgical solution, because as soon as you find the natural method that works for you, the pain and discomfort will disappear. The ingredients in these natural remedies are carefully chosen and they help to heal and treat hemorrhoids. You certainly do not want a temporary pain relief, but a definitive, long-term solution, a treatment without side effects. The result of choosing natural methods is the healing of hemorrhoids forever. We have already seen the benefits of witches' walnut, pork chestnut, but also of other herbal and herbal ingredients mentioned in this guide, which all lead to the healing of hemorrhoids.

It is in your power to decide to try these products without side effects, safe and particularly effective, along with of course re-thinking the way you eat before, increasing the amount of water consumed, a correct position in the bathroom, hygiene of the anal region and all the little details and tips mentioned in this guide. With the help of these small details that will change your life, less means in the end more and the benefits of such transformations, in the long run are much more desirable for anyone suffering from hemorrhoids and have already tried any pill, any ointment or ointment that offered only pain relief for a few hours, after which everything was as it was at the beginning. Rectal Muscle Strengthening Exercises: The most effective methods of preventing the appearance of hemorrhoids are the traditional Chinese exercises, known as Qigong. They contain techniques by which the muscles of the rectum become much more elastic and strong, so as to produce sufficient compression on the blood vessels. Here is an example of an exercise: Sit on the floor with your legs crossed and your palms on your knees. Inhale slowly and deeply, placing the tip of your tongue on the roof of your mouth and tightening your anal sphincter. During this time, imagine that the energy (qi) you absorb in your nose - along with the air - goes to the subumbilical area, inside the lower abdomen. Then exhale and pass the energy to the pelvis, near the coccyx, relaxing the anal ring. Inhale again and direct the energy to the lower cervical area between the shoulders. Exhale and lead the qi from the base of the cervical spine to the ears, then to the nose and into the oral cavity. When the qi enters your mouth, relax your tongue. Resume the respiratory cycle 9 times, practicing daily. We should know a few more things about anus care. Its hygiene is very important and that is why it is advisable to adjust your body so that you have a stool every morning. After defecation, it is recommended to wash the anal ring with a soft, damp cloth, massaging lightly for 1-2 minutes. Then stretch the anal sphincter in portions. Despite the fact that we are dealing with an annular muscle, following a persevering training we can reach the ability to control separately the four sectors of the anal sphincter: anterior, posterior, left and right. According to the principles of traditional Chinese medicine, the anus is one of the extremities of the body and therefore here are the ends of the main meridians that correspond to the main functional organs: liver - gallbladder, heart - small intestine, spleen - stomach, lungs - large intestine, kidneys - bladder. Consequently, anal massage also becomes a very simple and valuable form of prophylaxis or reflexology.


The presence of hemorrhoids is a very annoying and unbearable condition, both day and night. Hemorrhoids affect almost 89% of the population at some point in their lives. The hemorrhoids made Napoleon sit on his side, sent President Jimmy Carter into the operating room, and made baseball star George Brett sit on the bench during the World Games. since 1980. Almost two-thirds of the healthy population that undergoes physical examinations has hemorrhoids. Phytotherapy The treatment of hemorrhoids can be done very easily with the help of certain plants with proven beneficial effects on the human body. Treatment of hemorrhoids begins with the treatment of symptoms. Hemorrhoids cause some very unpleasant symptoms, the symptoms making this condition a dreaded one. When treating hemorrhoids, the symptoms should be the first front on which the fight begins. Symptoms can be easily treated with creams and medications. Many people confuse the treatment of hemorrhoids with the treatment of hemorrhoid symptoms, as they do not know that most hemorrhoid treatments are actually intended to reduce symptoms. Medical methods, surgeries and the rest of the medical alternatives for treating hemorrhoids can be easily replaced with natural remedies that have been used to treat hemorrhoids for a very long time. The phytotherapeutic treatment is mixed and refers to external applications and to the internal administration of herbal preparations. External applications have an antiseptic, calming, hemostatic and healing action. Medicine has been and still is based on nature, but many specialists are afraid to admit it. Very few proctologists have the courage to acknowledge that most methods of treating hemorrhoids are ineffective, or that they are less effective than natural methods of treating hemorrhoids. Natural herbal remedies in very rare cases cause side effects, and in existing cases, the people in the case often have a different condition that contributes to their appearance. So what could be better at treating hemorrhoids than a cheap, fast, effective and why not delicious herbal natural remedy?

AFIN Scientific name: Vaccinum myrtillus Fam. Ericaceae. Popular names: - blueberries, blueberries, blueberries - blackberries, blueberries, blueberries, currants, cuckoos, berries. In the popular tradition: it is prized for its sweet-sour fruits, at the harvest of which in June-July, special combs are used in many parts. ¨ From blueberries are prepared soft and alcoholic beverages (syrup and refined) and food (jam, marmalade) Fruit juice was used to color wines, and in the past was used to dye yarns and fabrics. In mountainous areas, dried or brandy-shaped fruits were commonly used against diarrhea. From the leafy branches, left to dry, sometimes mixed with other plants, teas were prepared not only for diarrhea, stomach aches, cramps but also for chest and heart diseases. In some parts, blueberry cakes and flour from olive kernels were made against diarrhea, which were given to the patient to eat, boiled in a mixture with birch leaves, laurel (Datura stramonium) and shepherd's purse, they were used against diabetes. Chemical composition: the leaves contain arbutin, tannin, flavonic derivatives, anthocyanin derivatives, hydroquinone, blueberry, ericolin, neomirtilin, etc. fruits- tannin, pectin, blueberry, sugars, provitamin A, vitamin B1, B2, C, E, PP, acids: citric, benzoic, malic, oxalic, tartaric, succinic, malic, lactic, bacteriostatic principles. Pharmaceutical action: has astringent, antiseptic, bacteriostatic properties, lowers blood sugar, antidiarrheal, diuretic, urinary antiseptic, increases visual acuity, adjuvant of diabetes. The leaves are dried in thin layers, in a ventilated and dry place and then stored in cloth bags or paper bags. The fruits are detached from the leaves by immersing them in a bowl of water, soaking them in the sun and placing them on nets. It is stored in airy, dust-free, heated, fig-shaped rooms. It is then moved to paper bags or sacks. The leaves have antidiabetic, astringent, antidiarrheal, urinary antiseptic, mild diuretic effects, and the fruits are used in food to treat complicated diabetes, dermatological diseases, peripheral circulatory disorders, urethritis, somatitis, eczema, chronic bleeding ulcers. Fruits: antidiarrheal, intestinal antiseptic, anthelmintic, increases visual acuity, urinary antiseptic, adjuvant in the treatment of diabetes. They can be used in the following diseases: Fruits - oropharyngeal diseases, coronary heart disease, canker sores, anorexia, burns, atherosclerosis, azotemia, bloating, bronchitis, cancer (preventive), candidiasis, wound healing, cystitis, high cholesterol, colibacillosis, convalescence cosmetics (treatments), rosacea, dermatitis (miscellaneous), diabetes, diarrhea, dysentery, eczema, edema, fermentation and putrefaction enterocolitis, 43

pharyngitis, gout, hemorrhoids, hepatitis, hypertension, low immunity, urinary tract infections, biliary insufficiency, metrorrhagia, fungal infections, obesity, ophthalmology, oxyurase, prurigo, rectocolitis, retinopathy, rheumatism, stomatitis, typhoid fever, circulatory tuberculosis, tuberculosis chronic, uremia, urethritis, varicose veins, viruses. hemorrhoids: a cure with blueberry products in any form. There will also be local baths with concentrated leaf tea twice a day, or at least after each stool. Internally it helps because it regulates the activity of the veins by helping to clean them.Phytotherapeutic treatments are made with teas, tinctures and antihemorrhoidal ointments, using plants rich in tannins, which have astringent, laxative, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, healing, antihemorrhagic, hemostatic and sedative properties. In the internal treatment are effective plants that normalize defecation, stop bleeding and relieve pain in the anorectal mucosa. The external treatment uses compresses, washes or baths with infusions and decoctions of chamomile, mousetail, marigold, walnut, sage, otter, nettle, black poplar buds, wild chestnut, oak bark, which exerts decongestant effects, anti-inflammatory and healing. Preparation: Leaves - 2 teaspoons of chopped leaves will be put in 250 ml of boiling water. Cover for 10 minutes then strain, drink for a day. - 2 teaspoons of chopped leaves put in 250 ml of water and then boil for 15 minutes. They are used to treat diarrhea, urinary antiseptic and mild diarrhea. Fruits - 2 teaspoons of fruit will be put in 500 ml of water. Simmer for 30 minutes. Drink lukewarm throughout the day. - Blueberries are used as a decoction, obtained from a handful of blueberries, which are boiled in a liter of water, until this amount is reduced by half. It is applied externally in the form of washes and compresses. For daily hygiene, sitting baths are alternately infused with chamomile and marigold. - 2 teaspoons of crushed fruit will be put in 500 ml of water from evening to morning at room temperature. The next day will be drunk during the day. - 2 teaspoons of dried fruit will be put in 250 ml of water. Boil for 10 minutes. Strain and consume 3 cups a day. - 1 kg of crushed blueberries will be boiled with 1 kg of sugar. Hold for 30 minutes, then put into bottles with a wider mouth. They close well and can be used all year round. - 1 liter of cranberry juice will be put with 700 g of sugar. Then boil until the syrup binds. They can be used throughout the year for various soft drinks. Dried fruits will turn into powder with the help of the coffee grinder. Take a knife tip 3 times a day under the tongue. Hold for 10 minutes, then swallow. - Jams and jams can be made according to traditional recipes. Take one teaspoon 3 times a day. - Tincture (can also be made from leaves in diabetics) use fresh fruit - one part crushed fruit and 5 parts food alcohol of 70A °. It lasts 15 days, then they will slip. During the 15 days, shake frequently and keep at room temperature. Take 20 drops a teaspoon 3 times a day diluted with a little water. 44

Shrub of 3-5 m, found in hilly and submontane areas, whose medicinal properties have been known for a long time. We find it in bushes, cuts and forest edges, rubble and even meadows. Parts used: leaves, fruits and buds. The hazelnut buds are harvested in April, the leaves are harvested in June and July, and the fruits are harvested in October and November. Chemical composition The hazelnut contains polyphenols, phenolic carbonic acids, flavonoids, volatile oil, sugars, mineral salts, etc. The fruits have a low water content and are very rich in fatty oil. They contain protein, carbohydrates, potassium salts, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and vitamins. Therapeutic indications Due to the fact that fruits are rich in vitamins, calcium, phosphorus, iron and potassium, they have nutritional and energetic properties. The leaves are used as vasoconstrictors, venous tonics in the treatment of varicose veins and edema, as an antihemorrhagic and to increase the resistance of capillaries. The volatile oil obtained from the leaves has vasoconstrictive and bacteriostatic properties. Bark is recommended in intermittent fever, and the mint, as a sweaty and astringent Hazelnut has a very high nutritional value. In terms of energy, 100 g of hazelnuts have a value of 2890 kj, which substantiates the recommendations of hazelnuts as an energizer for tuberculosis patients and diabetics. Peanuts are recommended for growing young, anemic people, women during pregnancy, debilitated children and the elderly. Hazelnut is indicated for: - stimulating growth processes in children, athletes, adolescents, pregnant women, anemic people and the elderly (fruits are considered the nuts of longevity), with energy, vitaminizing and tonic effects - epidemic hepatitis, diabetes, hemorrhoids, tapeworm - asthma bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema, silicosis, tuberculosis - neurasthenia, stressful states, mental depression - menstrual cycle regulation, kidney stones, nephritic colic - edema of the legs - dermal diseases: ulcers, eczema, bruising wounds, ringworm, varicose veins, cuticles, lees , mycoses, perifeblitis, acrocyanosis, erythrocyanosis, pyoderma, wrinkled eyes. How to use Internal use Hazelnut leaf infusion: 20g dried leaves to 1 liter of boiling water leave to soak for 8 hours, strain and drink 2 cold teas a day, with a role on the elasticity and tone of blood vessels in varicose veins, ulcers varicose veins and swelling of the legs.

The infusion of the buds is made by adding hot water over a handful of crushed buds, after which it is boiled a little more. Take two cups a day. Hazelnut leaf decoction: 1 tablespoon leaves in 200ml of cold water boil for 20-30 minutes, infuse for 10 minutes, strain, sweeten and use internally in hemorrhages and hemorrhoids. Decoction of the root bark: 30g of root bark in 1 liter of water is boiled for 15 minutes, infused for 10 minutes, strained, sweetened with honey and administered internally due to its astringent and antipyretic properties. Leaf tincture: one part chopped hazelnut leaves are put in 5 parts of food alcohol of 70 degrees are kept at room temperature for 15 days after which they are strained. During this time they will shake several times a day to extract the active ingredients from the plants. Use a teaspoon diluted in 100 ml of water. You can also use 10 drops in milder conditions. It can be used 3 times a day even in long-term cures. Hazelnut leaf powder: the dried leaves are ground with a coffee grinder, then sifted through a fine sieve. Take a pinch of powder under your tongue 3 times a day. It will then be kept for 10 minutes, then swallowed with a little water. The maceration of hazelnut buds is obtained from shredded buds and left to soak for 12 hours. After maceration, filter and store cold. This preparation contains a very useful growth hormone for many diseases. Peanut oil is made by cold pressing can be found in health food stores. It is taken for 15 days to fight tapeworm, diabetes and anemia. Roasted raw fruits, eaten 10 at a time, in the morning and in the evening, as a general tonic and nutrient.

External use The infusion of hazelnut leaves is made by adding hot water, a handful of hazelnut leaves, after which it is boiled. It can be used externally to treat varicose veins, wounds, in the form of local compresses. Leaf decoction: 25g leaves 1 liter of cold boil for 20 minutes on low heat, use in healing, chronic, juicy eczema, pyoderma, fungal infections hemorrhoidal pain. Bark decoction: 30g of bark boiled in 1 liter of water leave for 10 minutes for infusion, strain and put compresses that heal in varicose ulcers, eczema zemuinde, periphlebitis or compresses in edema of the eyelids and dark circles. Decoction of 50g of bark in a mixture of 500ml wine + 500ml water is infused for 15 minutes, strained and used as a dressing in wounds, ringworm, ulcers, varicose ulcers. 46

Contraindications: hazelnut allergies that can lead to fatal anaphylactic shock are contraindicated in babies up to the age of one year (they can drown or cause allergies)

ANGHINARE (Cynara scolymus L.)

It is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the composite family. It has a straight, branched stem with large, whitish green leaves on the back. The flowers are reddish-purple, arranged in large heads and are wrapped in fleshy scales that are edible. It comes from the Mediterranean region, being cultivated for fleshy scales and floral receptacles that are edible. It grows in all areas of the country, being more often in the south, at the foot of forests. The whole plant is harvested (June-September), the leaves being used with a length between 30 and 35 cm. Use: It can be used to treat the following diseases: chronic nephritis, vomiting, enteritis, intestinal fermentation, hemorrhoids, angiculitis, cholestitis, constipation, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia. Its effectiveness is due to the rich content of oxidants, polyphenols, flavones, insulin, potassium salts and magnesium. These substances have a stimulating action on bile secretion, help lower blood sugar, regenerate liver cells, are a good collagen, are used in case of lack of appetite. From a therapeutic point of view, artichoke leaves are characterized by safe effects on liver and kidney disease, having the property of increasing bile secretion and diuresis, while regulating the process of cholesterol formation. Along with this effect, eel tea also has the property of lowering blood sugar, giving good results in some forms of diabetes. The antidiabetic action is due to oxidase. As a diuretic, the tea of ​​this plant is recommended in acute and chronic nephritis, because it increases the volume of urine and at the same time promotes the elimination of urea and toxic substances that form in the liver and kidneys. Due to the elimination of toxins, favorable effects are observed in the treatment of urticaria and various forms of pruritus (itching). Artichoke tea also gives good results in diseases of the digestive tract, manifested by constipation, vomiting, enteritis, intestinal fermentation, colitis, hemorrhoids and lack of appetite. Artichoke tea is also a good adjunct in some heart diseases that are manifested by hypertension, atherosclerosis and angina pectoris. Newer research attributes antimicrobial properties to artichokes. To prepare the artichoke tea, proceed as follows: in a bowl put a tablespoon of chopped leaves and scald with 500 g of boiling water. After cooling, strain the liquid and sweeten with sugar. Part of the tea is drunk in the morning on an empty stomach, after which the patient will lie down for half an hour on the right side. The rest of the tea will be drunk half an hour before the main meals. It is good that the artichoke treatment is done progressively, starting with small doses in the first days, which then gradually increase. The treatment will last 20-30 days, followed by a month break, after which it will be resumed.

Remember: artichoke is NOT recommended for breastfeeding women because it decreases milk secretion. During a cure, artichoke juice drunk in the morning, on an empty stomach, favorably alters the metabolism of urea and cholesterol. Contraindications: kidney and hepatobiliary diseases.

CASTAN PORCESC (Aesculus hippocastanum)

The wild chestnut is a tree with gray bark, often cracked. The leaves are opposite, long palm-shaped petioles, each composed of 5-7 toothed leaflets on the edges. The flowers form large inflorescences at the top of the branches. Each flower consists of 5 sepals, 5 uneven, white petals, with yellow spots that later turn red, 7 stamens and an ovary that on maturation turns into a spiky grotto. In autumn, these fruits open, dropping 2-3 shiny brown seeds. It blooms in April. From the chestnut, the bark, the flowers, the leaves and the seeds are harvested. The bark gathers in the spring, when the sap begins to circulate in the tree. The bark is harvested only from branches of 2-5 years. The flowers are harvested when 50-60% of the inflorescences are in bloom. Cut the entire inflorescence, then pinch the flowers from the stems. The leaves are harvested without the main petiole. Harvesting is done until June. The seeds are gathered in autumn, in September-October, when the fruits open. The shells and leaves are dried at a temperature of 50-60 degrees C, and the flowers at a maximum of 35 degrees C. The drying of the seeds is done starting with a temperature of 40 degrees C, which along the way must grow at 60 degrees C. From 2 , 5-3 kg shells, 6-7 kg flowers, 3.5-4 kg leaves, 1.5-2 kg seeds, you get 1 kg of dry product for each assortment. Composition: triterpene saponosides (escin with vasotonic properties), coumarins, bitter substances, tannins, flavonic derivatives (rutoside, a glycoside with the properties of vitamin P), esculoside from the bark of the tree increases vascular resistance. Action: vascular wall toning, vasodilator, antiedematous, anticoagulant, blood fluidizing, hemostatic, venous antiperspirant, anti-inflammatory, increases the resistance of vascular walls, decreases vascular permeability, antirheumatic fever). Indications: - internal use: peripheral circulatory disorders (phlebitis, inflammation of the veins, varicose veins, varicose ulcers), chronic and lymphatic venous insufficiency (edema), hemorrhoids, prostate hypertrophy

- external use: varicose veins, hemorrhoids, contributes to the healing of hematomas, dislocations, in oral mucosal diseases cures canker sores, ulcers, febrile syndromes (malaria) has an action similar to quinine, pyramid. Method of administration: infusion, decoction, extract from wild chestnut buds, tincture, ointments, powder (chestnut flour). Chestnut powder (flour) obtained by grinding can be used in the form of poultices to relieve rheumatic pain, improve blood circulation. The infusion is prepared from 1-2 teaspoons of dried leaves and fruits in a cup of boiling water, left to infuse for 10-15 minutes, drink 3 times a day. For external use it is used in the form of baths, poultices. Wild chestnut extract - 50-150 drops in a little water, 2-3 times / day. The tincture is administered 30 drops 2-3 times a day is the most effective way of administration because the active principles contained do not dissolve in water, but only in alcohol. It is prepared from brown chestnut peel that is soaked in alcohol of 60-70 degrees (place the shells in jars, until the jar is filled over which alcohol is poured and left to soak for 21-30 days, with a tightly closed jar, kept at room temperature An ointment based on wild chestnuts can be prepared by mixing 100 ml of tincture with 100g of lanolin or Vaseline which can then be used externally or in butter, chestnut tincture and green leaves are boiled in the bath steam for 2 hours, then strain and store in airtight sealed glass jars and use for external use.Wine from the ground bark is obtained from 1 liter of ab wine in which 50g of chestnut bark is added and left to macerated for 10 days, one glass is consumed before meals in case of colitis, diarrhea, malaria, having similar effects to the quinine tree.

Contraindications: Do not administer during pregnancy or lactation. Avoid administration to people suffering from kidney or liver disease. The permitted dose limit should be observed to avoid overdose.

The requirement has small, yellow flowers with five petals, is less than half a meter high, and its leaves are toothed. It is extremely widespread, growing en masse in the shady shelter of the forest, but also on the roadsides, near the house or in the deserted places. The root is strong, perennial (sleeps in the ground in winter, reviving with spring) and - very interesting - has a smell reminiscent of cloves, due to a volatile substance secreted by both species. The root (rhizome) is harvested from it, which is removed in autumn, in November, when it has a maximum of active principles. The soil from which it is taken must be moist, and the root must be dried with great care because there is a risk of losing its therapeutic properties. The rhizomes are dug up, washed quickly in a stream of cold water, split in two or four and dried in a thin layer, in places free of moisture and well ventilated. When the roots acquire a woody consistency and become brittle, breaking with a dry crack, the drying process is over. Requirements rhizomes are stored in paper bags, in clean and free of moisture. Here are some of their therapeutic uses. In ancient times it was recognized as the "blessed plant" and was believed to have magical powers. The plant was used as an amulet to protect the individual from demons, evil spirits, and other mischief. The active principles in the requirement have astringent action (causes tissue tightening, removing muscle spasms), analgesic (temporarily removes pain) and antiseptic (prevents microbial infections by changing the environment in which they develop and putrefaction). Prepare a decoction of two teaspoons of chopped root in a cup of cold water, which is boiled for 30 minutes. It is administered internally, in three doses, after the main meals. The tea is drunk unsweetened or sweetened with saccharin, preferably on an empty stomach. Some experts believe that the therapeutic effect can be enhanced if the requirement is used in a mixture with other plants with similar properties, such as St. John's wort or chamomile. It is important to know that this tea is drunk in limited quantities and between meals, because in large quantities it causes nausea and gastrointestinal irritation. Patients suffering from liver and kidney disease are prohibited from consuming tea. For external use (local applications in the form of compresses and gargle), the decoction should be more concentrated. Use three teaspoons in a cup of cold water. Recommendations The requirement is recommended in dental abscesses, tonsillitis, gingivitis, wounds of the oral cavity. It is also a good disinfectant and sedative in infectious diarrhea and enterocolitis, stops bleeding, is recommended in metrorrhagia, epistaxis and dysmenorrhea, and soothes hemorrhoidal and menstrual pain. Due to its tannin content, it is also recommended in other stomach ailments, as well as for the relief of symptoms (nausea, vomiting) caused by liver or bile disorders.

The requirement decoction is used to disinfect wounds in tonsillitis and to stop bleeding gums (scarring) in gingivitis.

HORSE TAIL (Equisetum arvense) The horse's tail is easily recognizable by its slender stem, up to 30 centimeters high, with narrow, vertically arranged leaves. There is another species of Horsetail (Equisetum maxima), with the same medicinal properties, but which grows twice as high, otherwise being very similar to the first. Both are light-loving plants, with low demands on moisture and soil, which prefer sands, mudflats, loose soil from recent excavations, where the lack of competition from other smiles provides them with plenty of sun. In Romania, we meet the Coadacal in all areas of the country, where it grows from the plain to the submontane area. Active ingredients Salicylic oxide (5-7%), gluteolin, nicotine, palustrine and palustridine, phytosterol, beta-sitosterol, malic acid, oxalic acid, glycerides of stearic, linoleic, linolic, oleic acids, dimethyl sulfones, vitamin C, traces of volatile oil, potassium salts. The spores contain alpha-chain, omega-dicarboxylic acids, present in the lipid fraction. The active principles in the ponytail have antimicrobial, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory action, increase the resistance of connective tissue, activate local circulation. The plant is indicated for internal use, in the form of tea with diuretic action, or externally, in the form of compresses and baths. Indications In pulmonary tuberculosis (as a remineralizer), in metrorrhagia, epistaxis, hemorrhoids (as a hemostatic), in gout and rheumatism (diuretic), in kidney and bladder diseases, in frogs, in diseases of the heart, liver, skin, ulcers gastric, wounds, foot ulcers, canker sores. Harvesting The harvesting season begins at the end of May, when the plant is already approaching maturity. The stems are harvested by cutting, without uprooting the root (from which the plant will grow from one year to another), with a knife or a sickle. After harvesting, horsetail should not be kept for more than 2 hours before drying, so as not to overheat. It is good to harvest horsetail on sunny days, after 3 pm, when the plant has already lost a lot of water and the leaves have a very high concentration of active ingredients. Horsetail stalks are dried in well-ventilated, shady places, in a layer no thicker than 6 centimeters, and turning them at least once a day, so that all parts are exposed to the air. When the stems become stiff and break easily, the drying process is over and the plant is stored in paper bags. The shelf life of the dried plant is 2 years. . Method of preparation and administration Horsetail powder It is obtained by fine grinding, with the electric coffee grinder, of the dry aerial parts. The powder thus obtained is stored in hermetically sealed jars, in places protected from light, so that its active principles do not degrade. Take half a teaspoon - a 51

grated teaspoon, three to four times a day, in cures lasting up to three months. Up to 6 teaspoons a day can be used to treat acute conditions such as hyperacid gastritis or bleeding. Combined infusion of horsetail It is used mainly externally. It is prepared using cold extraction, combined with hot extraction: four to six teaspoons of powder of crushed horsetail stalks are soaked for 8 hours in a quarter of a liter of water, then filtered and the preparation obtained is left aside. The plant left after filtration is scalded with another quarter of a liter of water, after which it is allowed to cool and strained. Finally, the maceration is combined with the infusion, the resulting preparation being used mainly externally, for washes and compresses. This remedy is a powerful diuretic, antiseptic, also healing and toning tissues, inhibiting the development of bacteria. Horsetail tincture Put in a threaded jar twenty tablespoons of Horsetail powder, over which add two cups (a total of 500 ml) of 50-degree food alcohol. Close the airtight jar and leave to soak for two weeks in a warm place, then filter, and the resulting tincture is placed in small, dark bottles. It is administered, 4-6 times a day, one teaspoon diluted in a little water. Horsetail Poultice Take 2-3 dry stalks of Horsetail and leave for 1-2 hours to soak in a bowl of warm water (40-50 degrees Celsius). Apply directly to the affected area, covering with gauze. Leave for an hour. Horsetail juice is obtained only from fresh plant, which is washed and then finely chopped. Put 30 g of minced meat in a bowl with 30 ml of water and leave to soak for half an hour, then squeeze through gauze. A green liquid with a specific smell is obtained, which is used internally and externally. Horsetail juice is obtained only from the fresh plant, which is washed and then finely chopped. 30 g of mince are placed in a bowl with 30 ml of water and left to soak for half an hour, then squeezed through gauze. A green liquid with a specific smell is obtained, which is used internally and externally. To combat painful hemorrhoids and hemorrhoidal nodules, a fresh plant porridge is applied, which is done as follows: Wash the horsetail fresh and crumble well on a wooden bottom until a porridge is formed. As a hemostatic means, it helps in pulmonary hemorrhages, metrorrhagia (irregular uterine hemorrhage), stomach and hemorrhoid hemorrhages. Here you need, of course, a concentrated tea. Normally it is calculated for 1 cup, 1 teaspoon with the tip of the plant, but in the case of hemorrhoids put 2-3 teaspoons with the tip of 1 cup.

Precautions and contraindications to treatment with horsetail The administration of the plant for periods longer than two weeks is not recommended for children, due to the high silicon content. Horsetail inhibits the absorption of vitamin B1, which is why it will not be given at the same time as supplements containing this vitamin. Not recommended for pregnant or lactating women. 52

May have an irritating effect on the digestive tract. Horsetail belts should not exceed three months, followed by a 30-45 day break, to give the body time to eliminate any excess silicon.

MOTHER'S TAIL (Achillea milefolium)

Herbaceous, perennial plant, from the asteraceae family, with feathery, hairy leaves and white flowers or roses, native to Europe and western Asia. We can find it from the plain to the subalpine areas. The name Achillea comes from Achilles, the hero of the Trojan War, who discovered this plant and used it to treat soldiers' wounds, and the "mouse tail" comes from its leaves that are as thin and long as a mouse's tail. Being one of the most common medicinal plants in Romania, the mouse's tail is very easy to find, being very resistant to environmental conditions. The cure for all evils or the tail of the mouse, as it was called in ancient times, is found on most Mioritic plains from the lowlands to the foothills. Considered commonplace by contemporaries because of its wide spread, the mouse's tail was appreciated and used regularly throughout a man's life. Ancestors used it whenever a rare disease affected them, with archaeological evidence showing that it was used for ritual and therapeutic purposes at least four or five thousand years ago. In Moldova, in northern and central Transylvania, as well as in northern Oltenia, Coadașoricelului was used as a healing, soothing for "scalding" (skin allergy), as an aperitif plant. In western Transylvania, it was used in baths for debilitated infants, as washings in the "white lap" (leukorrhea), as a healer after tooth extractions. In Bucovina, Coadașoricelului tea was taken when young women "did not get their turn" (amenorrhea), for "blood change" (detoxification of the body and strengthening of immunity), before the coming of autumn. In the north and east of Moldova, Mousetail was also used internally against "burning of mats" (irritable bowel or fermentation colitis), externally against "cuts" (bleeding hemorrhoids) and also externally for rapid wound closure. It is harvested in the middle of a sunny day, because then it has the maximum concentration of volatile oils. Usually only the flowers are harvested (they should not have fruiting or peduncles) because they have the highest therapeutic qualities, but it can be harvested with the stem (not longer than 30 cm). The harvest period is July-October. After harvesting, the flowers are dried in the shade in a ventilated place without moisture (in the case of harvesting with the stem, they can also be hung in the shade in a place free of moisture and airy). After complete drying, it is recommended that the plants be kept in paper bags in dark places and without moisture. Active ingredients: Ethereal oil, achilles, formic, autic, aconitic, ascorbic, foil, probionic, valerian, palmitic, stearic, myristic, oleic, linoleic, succinic, traces of salicylic acid, caffeic, methyl alcohol, flavone, maltose, sucrose, glucose, arabinose, galactose, dextin, amino acids, proteins, tannins, inorganic substances with the chemical elements iron, manganese, zinc, copper, cadmium, nickel, silicon and calcium. 53

The substances are concentrated in the inflorescence, then in the leaves, less in the stem or root. The plant contains anti-inflammatory, calming, astringent, aseptic principles. Eliminates or limits the inflammatory process, destroys microorganisms, causes tissue tightening, moderates secretions and facilitates healing. Pharmacological action: Due to the volatile oil it has the following actions: stomachic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, calming and slightly antiseptic and tonic-bitter. Internal: bronchial antiseptic, disinfectant and gastrointestinal sedative in gastrointestinal inflammations, decreases gastric secretions, topical, antispasmodic of the bile ducts, hemorrhoidal decongestant. External: soothing, anti-inflammatory and disinfectant (baths and compresses). Internal Uses: In anorexia-due to the bitter taste imprinted by achilles increases appetite. In hemorrhoids, hypermenorrhea and dysmenorrhea, due to achyline, which reduces blood clotting time, reduces congestion, dries secretion, and has calming and disinfecting properties. The anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and epithelial protective properties are also strengthened due to the presence of volatile oil. The mouse's tail is also used with good results in bronchitis, gastritis, bloating and bladder diseases. External: In the form of compresses soothes red and irritated skin. It is also used in burns, purulent wounds, dental abscesses, varicose ulcers. In hemorrhoids, in the form of tea mixed with nettle leaves, and in case of constipation is added cauliflower tail.

The mouse's tail is used in the following ways: Powder - is obtained by grinding the plant with a grinder. It is recommended to keep in hermetically sealed jars for a maximum period of 2 weeks (volatile substances evaporate very quickly). You can take 4 teaspoons a day on an empty stomach. Infusion - is obtained from 3-4 tablespoons of chopped herbs put in 500 ml of water for 8-10 hours after which it is filtered. The resulting plant is boiled again in 500 mil water for about 5 minutes. The two resulting infusions are mixed and stored for internal use. 2-3 cups of mouse tail infusion can be administered per day. Juice - is obtained from fresh plants that are added together with water in a mixer (to 50 g of plant add 50 ml of water). After mixing, the mixture must be homogeneous and strain through gauze. It is administered 50 ml per day to people with hepato-biliary, intestinal and unappetizing disorders. Mouse tail juice can also be used externally in the form of compresses for wounds, light burns and to speed up wound healing.

Tincture - is obtained by adding 20 tablespoons of mousetail powder in 500 ml of food alcohol (70o). Leave it to soak for 2 weeks, then filter it and keep it in dark bottles. Take one teaspoon diluted in a little water four times a day.Poultice - is obtained from a handful of chopped mousetail flowers that are left for 1-2 hours to soak in warm water. It is kept on the wound, covered with gauze, for 1 hour.

CRETUSCA (Filipendula ulmaria)

Herbaceous plant that grows in moist places through mountain forests, on the waterfront. The fresh flowers, by rubbing between the fingers, give off a methyl salicylate odor. For therapeutic purposes, the aerial parts of the plant (Herba Ulmariae) harvested during flowering in June to the end of August are used. Composition: flavonosides, gaulteroside, spirein, quercetin glycosides, phenolics, tannins. Action: analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, antipyretic, diuretic, depurative, diaphoretic. Indications: genital diseases, canker sores, anemia, anorexia, muscle atony, wound healing, diarrhea, diabetes, abdominal pain, headache, enterocolitis, pregnancy fixation, fractures, uterine bleeding, hemorrhoids, hypermenorrhea, metrorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, laryngitis , migraine, nervousness, otitis, ulcerated wounds, preparation of ENT surgeries, vulvar pruritus, wounds, regurgitation, muscle weakness, scurvy, atonic withered breasts, stomatitis, menstrual disorders, varicose ulcers, stretch marks. How to use Internal: Infusion of 2 teaspoons of chopped herbs will be put in 250 ml of boiling water. Cover for 15 minutes, then strain. You can consume 1-2 cups a day. Herbal powder obtained with coffee grinder. Take a knife tip that is placed under the tongue. It will then be kept for 10 minutes, after which it will be swallowed. It is done 3 times a day. The tincture of 50 g of powder which is put with 250 ml of food alcohol of 70A ° and will be kept for 15 days by stirring often. Keep tightly closed at room temperature. Strain and place in smaller containers. Take 10 drops to 1 teaspoon 3 times a day, diluted with a little water. External: Decoction of 1 teaspoon of plant to 200 ml of water, boil for 10 minutes, apply as a compress.

Ointment - take butter that will be boiled. The foam that forms on the surface will then be thrown away and it will also separate from the deposits on the bottom. With this 1 part butter and 1 part plant powder the ointments can be made in several ways: 1. Mix in equal parts plant powder with butter until smooth. 2. Boil in the water bath for 3 hours then filter. In both cases it is applied locally twice in a thin layer. You can use any fatty base: unsalted lard, tallow, Vaseline, lanolin, etc. Contraindications: Do not consume the plant in case of asthma or sensitivity to salicylic acid (aspirin).

Cruşin is a shrub that can be found in different regions of the country, through meadows, at the edge of forests and in groves. In some places it is called craşci, wood-dog, patachina. From the bark is used the bark of young branches and stems - Cortex Frangulae, dry and one year old, as the fresh one is vomiting. The medicinal properties of buckthorn peel have been known since 1300. The peel contains anthraquinone principles with purgative action, which have the advantage over other purgatives of plant origin that they can be used for a long time without causing the body to get used to it. Main components: - anthraquinone glucocides, frangulin, gums, mucilages, chrysophanic acid. Indications: Internal: spasmodic constipation (can be taken by pregnant women, as it does not increase intestinal peristalsis), biliary insufficiency and consequent constipation, hemorrhoids, obesity, cellulite, circulatory disorders, intestinal parasites. External: sluggish wounds, scabies. The amount of bark used for a tea depends on the body's constipation. In small quantities it has a laxative action. It will always start with small doses, which will increase depending on the effect produced. Preparation and administration: The powder (obtained by fine grinding with an electric coffee grinder) - take 1/2-teaspoon grated (hold under the tongue for 10-15 minutes) then swallow with a little water. Buckwheat is usually combined in equal proportions with fennel powder (Foeniculum vulgare) against bloating and mallow (Malva off.) So as not to irritate the colon. The treatment is done 1-2 times a day, on an empty stomach. 56

The combined decoction - 1 teaspoon of buckwheat powder, 1 teaspoon of sorrel root powder and a pinch of clove is left to soak in half a cup of water in the evening until morning, after which it is filtered. The plant left after filtration is boiled for 10 minutes, then left to cool and filtered. Combine the maceration with the cooled decoction. Drink 1-2 cups a day. Precautions: The classic decoction of buckwheat, without a cold maceration beforehand, is very irritating to the stomach and colon and often gives bloating and violent abdominal colic. For this reason it is extremely important: 1. To use it in the form of a powder or a combined decoction. 2. Combine it with the emollient and carminative plants mentioned above. Contraindications: Diarrhea, chronic diarrhea, extremely irritable bowel, recent surgery on the large intestine or anorectal area

ASH (Fraxinus excelsior)

The ash (Fraxinus excelsior), the mojdrean (Fraxinus ornus) as well as the other ashes that live in Romania, have official value3. The common species (Fraxinus excelsior) is the most valuable from a phytotherapeutic point of view, the mojdrean having a slightly lower concentration of active principles. For the protection of rare related plants, it is recommended to avoid harvesting the raw material that comes from field ash and fluffy ash. From ash or mojdrean, collect leaves, bark, buds and fruits. • The ash leaves are collected only from the specimens far from the polluted areas, turning the leaflets on their main axis. The optimal harvest period corresponds to May and June. Drying is done in airy, clean and dark spaces. • The ash bark is cut with a “whistle” knife on the 2-year-old branches, in early spring at the start of the tree during the growing season. This raw material is dried in a single layer in warmer ventilated places. • The buds, which are actually the very young leaves of the ash, in the primary stage, when the leaflets are not yet autonomous, are harvested in April, after the flowers begin to fall. They do not dry out, but are used fresh, either administered immediately as an infusion or used to obtain a tincture. • Ash seeds are extracted from still immature (green) samaras, and are also used in the fresh stage. Composition 3

The term officinal designates the therapeutic property of a plant or extracts, being synonymous with that of medicinal (medicinal plants = medicinal plants). Today, the title of officinal appears only in phytotherapy. Formerly "officinal" was synonymous with "pharmaceutical".

In the leaves of ashes, a number of compounds have been identified, such as: organic acids (malic acid, ursolic acid, tannic acid), flavonoids (quercitin, quercetrol), carbohydrates and their derivatives (glucose, mannitol, mucopolyglucides), gums, quinones, coumarin derivatives (ash), volatile oils containing terpenes, mineral salts, vitamins (vitamin C, vitamins P, provitamin A). The bark of these trees contains coumarins and their derivatives (fraxin, fraxinol, fraxidine, fraxidinine) as well as tannin. Due to this composition, the leaflets - called FOLIA FRAXINI, the bark - CORTEX FRAXINI, but also the buds or seeds, give the ash medicinal properties. Therapeutic properties The effects of ash on the human body, depending on the raw material used, are presented below. • The leaves are: - diuretic, diaphoretic (sweating), slightly laxative, anti-gout, healing and antihemorrhagic (due to a quinone with a structure similar to vitamin K), anti-inflammatory for the intestines. • The bark has antioxidant properties. • Buds have anti-gout, hypocholesterolemic effects. • The seeds are aphrodisiacs. Recommendations: Leaves The infusion of ash leaves - is prepared from a tablespoon of crushed material in 200 ml of water, containing active ingredients (ursolic acid, quinone, etc.) that help eliminate uric acid and exert a favorable action on connective tissues , it is recommended to be administered in some disorders and disorders such as: uric urinary stones, gout, high uremia, rheumatism, arthritis, osteoarthritis, arthritis, cellulite. Visible improvements were observed in patients suffering from joint pain associated with edema after administration of ash leaf treatment. Due to its healing effect, ash leaf tea is indicated in the quiet phases of gastric or duodenal ulcer. In officinal mixtures, ash helps combat metrorrhagia. Used alternately or mixed with other plants, ash leaf tea fights constipation. As a laxative, it is recommended to use leaf powder mixed with other vegetable powders (buckthorn, chicory, fennel, turmeric). In all internal indications, drink two teas a day, preferably between meals. Externally, used in the form of local baths, the concentrated infusion made from the leaves of ash (15 tablespoons per liter of water), helps to treat leukorrhea, hemorrhoids and wounds that are difficult to heal. External applications are also useful in the case of fresh burns. Bark Decoction of ash bark (2 tablespoons to 500 ml of water - boil until the water is reduced by half), is administered in 2-4 small daily portions, in rheumatism, gout and premature aging. Ash bark tea also helps lower "bad cholesterol". Buds Tea from fresh buds or bud tincture has favorable effects on gout and hypercholesterolemia. Seeds Ash seed tincture stimulates sexual appetite in men and together with other preparations, can combat male infertility. 58

Contraindications, side effects The administration of ash-based phytotherapeutic preparations in enterocolitis is not indicated. In some people, the administration of ash-based preparations causes flatulence. Clarifications Ash does not exert a pronounced therapeutic action, but rather proves to be valuable in that it possesses the ability to potentiate the effects of other natural active principles. That is why it is recommended to use this species, in properly made mixtures, with other medicinal plants.

YELLOW (Calendula officinalis)

Marigolds (popularly called filimica) are a cultivated plant, brought to us thousands of years ago from India. It is an annual plant (does not grow every year from the same root), which is grown from seed, being very demanding to the sun, which it needs in full, but adaptable to other environmental conditions. With its bright yellow-orange flowers, growing in dense associations and blooming all year round (if its flowers are picked in time), it is often present in green spaces, as a decorative plant. It is very vital, and if it was sown once, then it multiplies itself from year to year, becoming even slightly invasive. Only the flowers are picked, by breaking by hand, on dry and sunny days. Drying is done in the shade, in well-ventilated places, in a very thin layer. After drying, the flowers are stored in paper bags, in places free of moisture and without light. Contains: triterpene saponosides, carotenoids including lycopine, alpha and beta-carotene, lutein, xanthophyll, flavoxanthin, flavonoids and flavonic glycosides, volatile oil, bitter substances, gumirezines, cholesteric esters of lauric, myristic and vitamin C protein. Internal Use: Sedative, gastrointestinal anti-inflammatory, cholagogue and choleretic, increase bile secretion, healing by stimulating blood circulation to tissues. It is administered in biliary dyskinesias, gastric and duodenal ulcers, entero-colitis. External: hemorrhoidal anti-inflammatory, healing. In hard to heal wounds, frostbite, burns, eczema, acne and in Trichomonas vaginalis. Healing and anti-inflammatory. Marigold flowers are used for washing, compresses and poultices in wounds, hemorrhoids, burns, frostbite, acne. The infusion has an anti-inflammatory and healing role, antibacterial and antifungal (due to the volatile oil it contains). Marigolds are used in: irregular menstrual cycle, frostbite, burns, hemorrhoids, increase the body's immunity, treatment of hyperacid gastritis and gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer, due to its healing and soothing properties in the form of ointment, the plant is

anti-irritant and stimulates blood circulation to the tissues, speeding up the healing of wounds, burns and dermal inflammation. Hemorrhoids - marigold infusion is consumed and local applications are made with the scalded plant or greased with marigold ointment. The treatment is long lasting, do not expect results overnight these hemorrhoids were not done overnight either. Preparations based on marigold Powder It is obtained by grinding the flowers as electrically as fine as possible. The powder is stored in hermetically sealed glass jars, in dark and cold places, for a maximum period of 2 weeks (because the volatile substances evaporate quickly). Usually, a grated teaspoon is administered 4 times a day on an empty stomach. Infusion Put 3-4 tablespoons of crushed marigolds to soak in half a liter of water for 8-10 hours, then filter. The resulting preparation is set aside, and the plant left after filtration is boiled in another half liter of water for 5 minutes, after which it is allowed to cool and filtered. Finally, mix the two extracts, obtaining about a liter of combined infusion of marigold, which is used internally (2-3 cups a day) or externally. Tincture It has the best effects for treating infections, inflammations and skin lesions, conditions where a disinfectant is needed. The antiseptic, healing and anti-inflammatory substances present in marigolds are best extracted in alcohol. To obtain this preparation, put in a threaded jar twenty tablespoons of marigold flower powder, over which add two cups (500 ml) of food alcohol of 70 degrees. Close the airtight jar and leave to soak for two weeks in a warm place, then filter, and the resulting tincture is placed in small, dark bottles. It is administered from this remedy four times a day, one teaspoon diluted in a little water. Poultice A handful of crushed marigold flowers is left to soak in warm water for 40 hours (40-50gr.C). A paste of marigold with water is obtained, which is applied directly to the affected area, covering it with a gauze. Leave for an hour. Oil In half a liter of olive, grape seed or sesame oil put 10 tablespoons of dried and chopped marigold flowers. It is left to soak in the sun for 2 weeks, after which it is filtered, and the obtained preparation is drawn in a dark bottle, which is kept in dark and cold places. Ointment There are dozens of types of marigold creams on the market, but most have such low percentages of plant extract that they can not even fall into the category of homeopathic products, having no such therapeutic effects.Therefore, we recommend that you look only for ointments that specify the proportion of marigold extract, a proportion that must be at least 10%.

Here is a recipe for homemade marigold ointment, which is not sterile and can not be used on open wounds, instead it is excellent for treating minor ailments and for skin care. It is prepared from seven tablespoons of butter, three tablespoons of finely chopped fresh flowers and a teaspoon of sweetened honey and beeswax (both found in beekeepers' markets). First put the butter in a bowl over low heat and leave until it becomes liquid, then add the two tablespoons of finely chopped herbs, honey and wax. Leave the combination on the fire for 10 minutes, stir until completely dissolved, then remove the pan from the heat and allow to cool. While still hot, filter the preparation through a clean strainer and pour it into a jar, which will be closed and left in the refrigerator, where it can be stored for up to three months. Precautions and contraindications Internally administered marigolds are practically non-toxic, there are no contraindications in this regard. However, it should be administered with caution, both internally and externally, to those who have an allergic sensitivity to plant pollen, to those who take sedative drugs (amplifies, it seems, the sedative effect) or hypotensive (also amplifies the hypotensive effect). High doses (over 15 grams daily) of internally administered marigolds can lead to hypotension, especially in women and the elderly. Pregnant women should not take more than 5 grams of marigolds daily.

Quince is a small tree with a height not exceeding 4-6m with dense and gnarled branches. The leaves are oval or elliptical, 5-10 cm long and 4-6 cm wide, not sharp, dark green on the upper side and paler on the underside. The fruits are yellow and golden, green or orange, with a shape that looks like a combination of apples and pears. They are very aromatic, the pulp is hard and with a partially granular consistency. The fruits can weigh about 0.5 kg and ripen in late autumn. Quince seeds are poisonous and can cause respiratory failure. Composition: 70% water, 7-8% sugars, calcium salts, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, copper, sulfur, potassium, vitamins B1, B2, B6, C, E, PP, beta-carotene, proteins, organic acids ( citric acid) tannins, pectins, mucilages and tonsils (in seeds), energy value: 345Kcal / 100gr. Action: the fruit pulp has astringent properties, used in diarrhea in children and debilitated subjects, effective emollient effect (seeds) in cough, antihemorrhagic effect, tonic, stimulates appetite, due to citric acid and pectin, has a beneficial effect on the circulatory system, diminishes blood pressure, plant mucilages are mixtures of polysaccharides that in combination with water give a substance such as gelatin, acting as an insulator in the lining of the digestive tract, lungs, kidneys, urinary tract can be used in case of inflammation of the mucous membranes, renal edema , in addition it has analgesic, antispasmodic, expectorant, tonic, stimulant properties, and gives courage to the psyche, improves mood.

Indications: diarrhea, dysentery (fruit pulp or decoction, infused leaves are indicated in diarrhea), in bronchitis, tracheitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, stomatitis (infusion of 2 ligurites per 1 liter of water), in hemoptysis, uterine bleeding , hemorrhoids, anemia, heart disease. For external use, the seeds are mainly used to soothe skin irritations, treat cracks, frostbite, burns, eczema, wounds, and in the form of gargles in laryngitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, stomatitis, treatment of hemorrhoids, etc. Cure: consumed as such stimulates the appetite, provides a good part of the iron requirement after a daily consumption of quince for two weeks. The fruit with its astringent, sour taste, cuts nausea. It has been known since the Middle Ages that it helps digestion. In Spain, Portugal quince preparations (jam, marmalade) are indicated in intestinal diseases the word marmalade comes from the Portuguese language which means quince. Quince juice prepared from well-ripened fruit has fortifying, antiseptic, hemostatic, diuretic properties indicated in anemia, cardio-respiratory, digestive diseases is consumed ½ glass before a meal. Quince juice compresses are used in diseases of the rectum, hemorrhoids, anal fissures. Gargle with juice can be effective in treating mouth ulcers, gingivitis, tonsillitis, pharyngeal inflammation. To brush and whiten teeth, rub the teeth with a slice of quince. Quince decoction is used for diarrhea in children, respiratory infections (boil a few pieces of quince for 5 minutes and drink as warm as possible). Quince decoction: a teaspoon of seeds in 100 ml of water boil until it reaches the consistency of gelatin. In the form of compresses it is anti-inflammatory, adjuvant in inflammation of the eyes, skin irritations, burns. Quince seeds crushed and soaked in 100 ml of boiling water is a lotion with effects in treating hemorrhoids, breast cracks, burns, rashes, frostbite. The seeds are poisonous consumed in large quantities - they can cause respiratory failure and even death, but in small amounts, the substances they contain stimulate breathing, improve digestion and according to recent studies are effective in treating cancer. (contain letril-vitamin B17 antitumor). Pregnant or breastfeeding women should avoid consuming quince seeds. Quince macerate with cinnamon is effective in cases of anemia: Put a handful of quinces and quinces in a jar, then a handful of finely chopped mountain ash and water to cover them. Leave to soak in a well-covered vessel at room temperature for 12 hours, then strain and place in dark bottles in a cool place. It is consumed daily instead of water. 62

RED GRASS (Polygonum persicaria L.)

It is an annual plant whose stem reaches 1 m, branches from the base and is divided into nodes and internodes. The lanceolate leaves end with short petioles that are inserted at the nodes where they have a membranous ocher. The red-pink flowers are united in oblong-cylindrical spike-shaped inflorescences. The plant can be confused with marsh pepper (Polygonum hydropiper) which has the same uses. It grows in swampy places, on the edge of rivers, lakes, streams in the alpine area and up to the hills. Harvest the whole plant (Herba Persicariae) which is harvested during flowering, dried in the shade, in thin layers, in airy, ventilated places. The plant was crushed and placed on open wounds so as not to make worms. Squeeze the juice into the wound. It is used for infected wounds. It was mostly used in veterinary medicine. It must be said that it contains a number of unstudied toxic principles that primarily affect the liver, so it will only be used for external treatments. Chemical composition The aerial parts contain: acids, tannin, rutin, quercetrin, formic, malic, valerian, vitamin k, flavonic esters of potassium bisulfate, rutoside, hyperoside, quercitrozide, remnazinsicarin, metropersicarin, etc. The roots contain oxylomethylanthraquinones, glycosides, bitter substances. Pharmaceutical action: diuretic, antiscorbutic, hemostatic in hemorrhoidal, intestinal, uterine, bladder diseases, etc. Hypotensive due to flavones. Tadeona and tadeonal is toxic! Indications It is used for the following diseases: edema, uterine fibroids, hemoptysis, gastric and intestinal bleeding, menometrorrhagia of young girls, metrorrhagia, bleeding wounds. It has antihemorrhagic, antiscorbutic, vulnerary effects and is used in the treatment of chronic ulcers and wounds. In external use it was used as a blister and as a lotion against edema of the feet and for washing ulcerated wounds. The infusion of aerial parts of red grass is used as a hemostatic remedy for hemorrhoidal and uterine bleeding and as a purgative for atonic and spastic constipation. External use: - 4 tablespoons of chopped herbs will be put in a liter of water. Boil for 5 minutes, then strain. 63

LUMANARICA (Verbascum phlomoides)

The biennial plant that grows from the plain and hill area, to the subalpine, light-loving one. The leaves are large in size and velvety due to the yellow hairs that cover them. The flowers are large, golden-yellow arranged in the shape of a long spike. The fruit is a capsule. The plant blooms from June to October. For phytotherapeutic purposes, flowers are used that will be harvested as they bloom and rarely the leaves. The plant contains mucilages, saponins, flavonoids, sugars, tannins, resins, volatile oil, vegetable sterols, carotenoids, iridoids, essential oil. The candle has expectorant, antitussive, anti-inflammatory, sweating, antiasthmatic, antimicrobial, antihistamic, antispasmodic, antiviral properties. Therapeutic indications Internal use - bronchitis, asthma, hoarseness, laryngitis, angina, gastroenteritis, tuberculosis, tracheitis - in the form of infusion, decoction. External use - hemorrhoids, frostbite, boils, atonic wounds - in the form of local baths, compresses. Candle mucus helps soothe irritations, while combined saponins and flavonoids reduce inflammation. Saponins also have an expectorant effect, which is why candle syrup is a good remedy for treating throat infections and coughs. The calming and anti-inflammatory effects of this medicinal plant have long been exploited to treat digestive problems such as gastritis, anteritis and colitis, as well as to relieve gout symptoms. Through an external application, the candle helps to heal cuts and gambian ulcers, as well as to soothe various skin irritations. Olive oil, infused with dried candle flowers, can be used to relieve earaches and hemorrhoids. A number of studies have shown that candle also has antiviral properties and can help limit the spread of cancer cells. The infusion was prepared from 1.5-2 g of the plant in a cup of hot water and left to infuse for 15 minutes. Take 3 cups a day. This candle tea is also used externally to treat hemorrhoids (washes or poultices). Candle oil is prepared from half a cup of sunflower or olive oil, which is poured over a handful of dried flowers and left to soak in a sunny place for 15-20 days. After maceration, it is filtered and stored in small bottles, being very good for massage

Compress: soak 3 teaspoons of dried herbs in 300 ml of cold water for 30 minutes, then bring to a boil over low heat. After straining, soak one face in the solution and apply twice a day. Contraindications: It is recommended to avoid the administration of candles during pregnancy and lactation.

WOLF'S APPLE (Aristolochia clematitis L.)

It grows in vineyards, on the edge of fields and in vacant places. It is half a meter high, sometimes more, and its leaves are somewhat reminiscent of beans. It has yellow flowers, a very strong and quite stifling smell, being avoided by harmful insects, as well as viral and bacterial diseases of plants. It is so hardy and lively that it often suffocates crops, our peasants not knowing how to get rid of it (among other things, it resists herbicides very well). This weed is apparently - one of the most powerful medicinal plants in our flora, having so many applications that whole volumes could be written about it. The wolf apple is one of the most used plants since ancient times. The first records of its use for medicinal purposes date from now. 5000 years ago, from ancient Egypt, where it was called "cobra grass", as it was the only effective remedy against the venom of the dreaded reptile. Also in Egypt it was administered for the treatment of skin infections, for the rapid healing of animal and insect bites, as well as to protect people from epidemics. The ancient Gauls used the wolf's apple to treat tumors and any growths on the body. In the Middle Ages, in Spain, the plant was the secret remedy of the knights who used it to quickly heal their wounds received in battle and to prevent infections, which at that time were fatal. English herbalists of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries recommended chewing two or three wolfberry leaves a day to strengthen the body against epidemics, to eliminate dental abscesses and all diseases of the mouth. They also warned about the toxicity of the plant, showing that internal treatments longer than three weeks can damage the kidneys, bladder and digestive tract. In our folk medicine is recorded the use of this plant in many areas of the country. In Banat it was used against "bad wounds", ie skin cancer, in Satu Mare and Bistrița Năsăud it was used for all kinds of "bubbles" (skin diseases), for "tranji" (hemorrhoids), but also for treating rectal or bowel cancer. In Moldova, the use of this plant is recorded especially in the counties of Vrancea, Galați and Bacău, where it was considered a true elixir against women's diseases, as well as rectal diseases (it was used in the form of baths). It was also used to make hair grow beautifully, to remove pimples from the face and to beautify the skin. In Oltenia, the wolf apple was used mainly to treat wounds and skin diseases, but also hepatitis and stomach ulcers (a little root boiled in milk was administered).

Wolf apple, even if it seems hard to believe, has effects in many diseases: gastroduodenal ulcer, varicose ulcer, pancreatitis, hemorrhoids, hair loss, peeling, weakening of the body, intestinal worms, giardia, colitis, dyspepsia, constipation, pain sore throat, depression, anxiety, insomnia, acne, candidiasis and cold sores, violent annexitis, uterine fibroids, uterine ulcers, ovarian cysts, uterine cancers, cirrhosis, diseases of the nervous system, hormonal and lymph nodes, severe external infections, burns, bites of any kind, open wounds, etc. As you can see, the Wolf Apple is a plant with a special therapeutic value. In the case of malignant tumors (grade I-III), it is important for patients to use it in the early stages. In cancer, the Wolf Apple stabilizes the disease, stopping the uncontrolled multiplication of cells and raising the body's immunity. Internal use It presents risks and maybe risks, because the wolf apple, without being as toxic as asparagus, nightshade or rosehip, has a certain detrimental action on the kidneys and digestive tract, in high doses giving severe side effects. It seems that in small doses, up to 1.5 grams per day for an adult, administered for a limited period of time (maximum one month), does not present any inconvenience, being even a quick remedy in the treatment of lung cancer, skin , in the breast and intestine, viral hepatitis, as well as intestinal infections, but the only one who has the investiture to prescribe and lead this treatment is the attending physician. For this reason, we will not talk here about the internal administration of the wolf-apple, but only about the external treatments, which are safe, have a very high efficiency and apply to a very wide range of diseases.Poultice Finely grind the wolfberry grass with the help of a coffee grinder, and the powder obtained is combined in equal proportions with sorrel root powder. Over the mixture of wolf-apple and sorrel powder, then add warm water, stirring constantly, so as to form a paste as homogeneous as possible. This paste is applied with a gauze on the affected area for one hour. Sitting bath A handful of plants is left to soak in 2 l of water for 8-10 hours (morning to evening), after which it is filtered. The plant left after filtration is scalded with another 2 l of boiling water, after which it is covered, allowed to cool and filtered again. Finally, combine the two extracts in a bowl, in which it will sit for 20 minutes (adding warm water from time to time, if necessary). It is a very good cure for hemorrhoids, anal inflammation, recurrent genitourinary infections. Enema The enema preparation is made from a tablespoon of wolfberry powder, a tablespoon of sorrel root and a tablespoon of chamomile flowers, which is soaked in half a liter of water, from evening to morning, when the macerate is filtered, set aside, and the plant left after filtration is boiled in half a liter of water until it is reduced by half, the decoction is left to cool, after which it is combined with the maceration. With the preparation thus obtained, enemas are made with the help of the irrigator. The liquid is kept in the intestine for 10 minutes before being eliminated. Tincture In a jar with a thread, place the wolfberry leaves, well ground or ground with a coffee grinder, until the jar is full. Then add at least 70% food alcohol, as much as it contains, stirring from time to time, so that the plant is well penetrated by alcohol. Closes 66

the jar and leave to soak for 14 days, after which it is filtered through gauze. Compresses are applied to the affected areas with the tincture thus obtained. Ointment Put six tablespoons of tincture on a clean plate and let it evaporate until it reduces its volume about three times, obtaining about two tablespoons of a thick and slightly sticky paste, with a strong plant smell. This paste will be added over a quarter of a packet of butter (slightly soaked beforehand near a heat source, without melting it completely), mixing well with a spoon until this combination is perfectly homogenized, which will then be kept in the refrigerator. Diseases that can be cured by external treatment with wolf apple • Abscesses, boils, infectious eczema resistant to other forms of treatment - a poultice with wolf apple is applied to the affected area for three to four hours a day, after which the skin is left to hang out in the open air for an hour. The application is repeated daily, until complete healing. • Esophageal cancer, tongue cancer, etc. - gargle with wolf apple tea, sorrel and chamomile, prepared just like the one for enemas. During the same treatment, enemas will be performed with the wolf apple, once every two days. • Intestinal, genital, rectal, prostate cancer - wolf apple enemas, once every two days, are recommended. If enemas are contraindicated, sitting baths are taken daily. • Skin cancer - an enema is done every two days with the wolf apple and in addition a poultice is applied daily with the sorrel and the wolf apple. The application of poultices is repeated until the total disappearance of the lesion. • Against hemorrhoids - use the ointment whose preparation has been described previously, with which local applications are made two to three times a day. Very useful are the sitting baths with the wolf apple, which will be done once every two or three days. • In female genital cancer, an enema is given every two days and a vaginal irrigation (with the same type of preparation as for enemas) once every three to four days. • Genital infections with trichomonas, papilloma, chlamydia - vaginal washings are done with a tea prepared in the same way as for enemas. The treatment is done for 7-10 days with a two-week break to restore the vaginal flora. Men take daily baths with the wolf-apple, to increase local immunity. Especially in chlamydia and bacterial infections, the antibiotic treatment prescribed by the doctor will be strictly observed, the two therapies going very well in parallel. • For an aesthetic healing of wounds or cuts following surgery, a poultice with sorrel and wolf apple is placed on the affected area once a day, lasting for an hour. The speed of healing will increase significantly, and the scars will become barely visible over time. • Purulent wounds, hard to heal on the fingers and toes - half fill a narrow glass with wolf apple tincture, then soak the affected finger in it for 20-30 minutes. In a few days the infection will recede and then disappear. There are many cases of patients who had to have their finger amputated and saved it miraculously just with this simple treatment. • Wounds (including from surgery) that do not close - are treated with compresses with wolf-apple tincture. A gauze well soaked with tincture is placed on the affected area for 30 minutes, after which the compress is removed and the skin is left to dry for at least half an hour. Apple wolf poisoning • Occurs in adults when the dose exceeds 6 grams per day and is manifested by the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting, numerous stools (sometimes bloody), frequent urination, severe inflammation of the kidneys, circulatory disorders. 67

• Used externally, it does not present any inconveniences, provided we are careful in its correct handling and storage. However, special care is required when gargling, as swallowing the herbal infusion can lead to intoxication with the aforementioned effects. • All internal treatments will be done under the direct guidance and supervision of a doctor. In case of intoxication, consult your doctor from the first symptoms. The treatment consists of therapeutic vomiting (gastric lavage), the administration of medicinal charcoal, the production of a strong purge. Do not treat your wolf apple internally without medical advice. If you have toxic plants in the house, then keep them in the medicine cabinet, tightly closed, and put at hand the basic antidote - medicinal charcoal, which must be administered immediately, until you reach the nearest health unit.

The blackberry is a vigorous shrub, up to 3 meters high, consisting of numerous straight or curved stems, covered with bent claw-shaped thorns. The leaves are pleated, green on the upper side and paler on the lower side and with curved thorns on the ribs and petiole. The flowers are white, appear on the stems for at least 2 years and are grouped in grapes. The fruits are initially red, and when fully ripe they become black-frosted, with a sweet sour smell and taste. Blackberries grow in forests and bushes and bloom in June and July. Testimonies of the use of this plant date from the time of Hippocrates, 4th century, in.Ch. From the plant are harvested fruits, young leaves without the main petiole (Folium Rubi Fructicosus), young shoots, sometimes roots and flowers. Chemical composition: - flavonoids, mucilages, malic acid, oxalic, succinic, lactic, tannins, inositol, vitamin C, resins, cellulose. , monoglucide-cyanide, flavonic compounds, a coloring principle (in the past they were used to color fabrics and textiles in gray), minerals (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium), vitamins A, B1, B2, B5, B6, C, E. Pharmaceutical action: Blackberry leaves have disinfectant qualities, make it impossible for microbes to multiply, moderate secretions, cause tissue tightening, help heal them, fight diarrhea, promote digestion in the stomach, soothe spasms. Also, blackberry leaves useful in diseases of the throat of the mouth to cure leukorrhea (vaginal discharge of whitish fluid). The leaves were taken, without the main petiole, before flowering. The leaves are dried in thin layers at a temperature of 40-50 degrees C. To accelerate drying they often turn. From 3-5 kg ​​of fresh leaves, 1 kg of dry product is obtained.

Blackberries (fruits) tonic, laxative, purifying and nourishing for the body. Blackberries regulate the action of melanin (the pigment that gives skin color), being useful to those with disorders of this substance (for example in vitiligo). Blackberries have the qualities of improving visual acuity, restoring the integrity of the oral cavity restoring damaged cells of the digestive tract. They are also useful in diabetes or are indicated for asthenics whose gums often bleed. Buds and young branches due to the content of phytoestrogens and specific tropism on the female genitals and gonads, have an effect in treating gynecological diseases.

Indications: Blackberries and blackberry leaves can be used for the following diseases: dermatological diseases, eye diseases, lung diseases, kidney diseases, canker sores, tonsillitis, anemia, angina, collagen diseases, kidney disease, bronchitis, cancer, irregular menstrual cycle, constipation chronic, putrefactive colitis, irregular menstrual cycle with large hemorrhages, intestinal disinfectant, diabetes, diarrhea, dysmenorrhea, enterocolitis, anal fissures, hypoacid gastritis, gastroenteritis, gingivitis, hemorrhages, hemorrhoids, laryngeal-esophageal inflammation, intestinal infections, leukorrhea, psoriasis, cellular recovery especially of the digestive tract, even in those recently operated, stomatitis, gastric ulcer, varicose veins.

Method of administration: - fresh fruit or natural juice, infusion of leaves or dried fruit, tincture, hemoderivatives from young shoots (buds or shoots). Fruits eaten fresh or in the form of natural juice are nutritious, vitaminizing, laxative if consumed on an empty stomach. - Blackberry juice will be drunk in any quantity, depending on individual tolerance. It is useful to make a cure with 200 ml of juice 3 times a day, for a period of at least one month in more serious conditions. It can be mixed with any other juice. The blackberry syrup can be used one teaspoon several times a day. Blackberry decoction can be effective for sitting baths in case of leukorrhea. - Blackberry leaf tea - put 2 teaspoons of chopped leaves in 250 ml of boiling water. Cover for 10 minutes, then strain. You can consume 3-4 cups a day of prepared tea. With a double amount of the plant it will be possible to gargle or wash the vagina or other applications on the skin. Internally, blackberry tea is very useful for kidney disease (because it is a good diuretic) or for sneezing and angina (as a gargle). It is administered in internal cures (2 cups of tea a day) or external in the form of gargle (gingivitis, stomatitis), local or sitting baths in case of hemorrhoids, cystitis, vaginitis. Blackberry leaf decoction is useful in treating inflammation of the throat, mouth ulcers, gingivitis and inflammation of the mouth. Put 10 g of dried leaves in 100 ml of water. Bring to the boil and then let infuse for 15 minutes. Strain, then add honey. Use this decoction as a mouthwash or gargle twice a day.

Precautions: Pregnant or breastfeeding women should avoid blackberry leaves. Seek medical advice first.

MUSETEL (Matricaria chamomilla)

Chamomile is a plant used by humans over the centuries. It is already known to be a tea that calms the "upset" stomach or helps sleep. Two types of chamomile are used for iron health: the German chamomile (Matricaria retutica) and the Romanian or English chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile). The German chamomile is the most studied and most used. A German government organization (Commission E) has approved its use on the skin to reduce edema (increase in volume) or as an antibacterial, but it is also used as a tea as a dietary supplement for stomach cramps. Chamomile is sold in the form of dried flowers, infusion (tea), liquid extract, tinctures (concentrated in alcohol) and in the form of creams or ointments. It blooms for a long time from April to September. Harvesting is done at the time of flowering, from May to August. As a healing plant, chamomile is effective in treating and ameliorating many diseases such as: colic (cramps and abdominal pain), bloating, pelvic diseases, toothache, enterocolitis, gastritis, cleansing the blood of toxins, flu, colds, ( museum tea causes sweating, which leads to a decrease in fever), stomach pain, colds (through inhalations and teas), conjunctivitis, menstrual disorders, diarrhea, insomnia, pain from wounds, hemorrhoids (they can also be treated externally by use of museum ointment). Chamomile has an action on the human body: calming, disinfecting, sweating, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-colic, containing organic acids, volatile oil with chamazulene, flavonic glycoside, choline. For external use, it is used in the form of compresses or washes to calm the nervous system (baths with chamomile), eliminate exhaustion, gingivitis, dental abscesses, stomatitis, hemorrhoids, purulent wounds, ulcers, burns, folliculitis, boils, eczema zemuinde, fistulas, vaginitis, vulvo-vaginitis, wounds, panaritis, dental infections, stomatitis, rheumatic diseases, sunstroke, migraines, as well as in cosmetics, chamomile having beneficial effects on both skin and blonde hair care. Chamomile oil has healing effects on rheumatism and neuralgia. Chamomile powder is used to treat depression, nervousness, insomnia, neuralgia, irregular periods, constipation and intestinal worms. 70

Method of administration: Chamomile tea for the treatment of enteritis, colic, heartburn, fatigue, gastritis, nervousness, asthma is recommended to drink every day, two or three cups. It is prepared from two teaspoons of the plant, over which a cup of boiling water is poured. Chamomile powder that treats in addition to the diseases mentioned above, and fever, migraines is obtained from dried chamomile flowers. It is recommended to take capsules as directed by your doctor.

NALBA MARE (Althaea officinalis L.)

Several plants are known as mallow, which differ from each other as a port, but contain similar active principles and are used for the same purposes. All parts of these plants contain large amounts of mucilage, due to which they have emollient properties. Perennial species with fleshy, cylindrical, gray or brown-gray root, having a length of 10 - 30 cm and a thickness of 2 - 3 cm. The stems are woody at the base, slightly branched, pubescent and up to 2m high. The leaves are 3-5 lobed with the middle lobe elongated or entire, pubescent. The flowers are located at the base of the upper leaves, respectively the bracts, have a double calyx and five white or white-pink petals. The fruit is located in the persistent calyx and breaks down into 12-20 mericarps. From the mallow the leaves, roots and sometimes the flowers gather. The leaves are harvested before flowering. The flowers are collected together with the calyx. The roots are removed from the ground when the plant has dried and before the soil freezes, which coincides with October-November.When harvested, mallow root is not washed, as water easily dissolves mucilage. The roots are first peeled (peeled to the white layer), then cut into smaller pieces and then dried at a maximum temperature of 400C. The leaves and flowers dry naturally in the shade, placed in thin layers. When using artificial heat, the temperature should not exceed 40-50 ° C. From approx. 4 kg of fresh leaves are obtained 1 kg of dry product, and from approx. 4 kg of fresh flowers is obtained 1 kg of dry product. The roots are artificially dried at a temperature of 35-40 ° C. From 3-5 kg ​​of fresh roots, 1 kg of dry product is obtained. Contains: mucilaginous substances (8-12%) and starch. Internal use: - Acute inflammation of the airways (laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis) - maceration, syrup. - Gastritis and colitis - the role of protective dressing of the mucous membranes. External use: - Boils - poultices from leaves scalded with warm water. - Oral disorders (stomatitis, canker sores) - unsweetened tea from the leaves.

In the form of tea, they are used in inflammations of the respiratory tract (cough, bronchitis, laryngitis), urinary tract, kidney and in gastrointestinal disorders. The tea is prepared cold. For this purpose, the drug is washed, then soaked in water, in which a knife tip was dissolved with baking soda. After half an hour, strain the liquid, sweeten and then drink gradually over the course of a day. Tea can also be prepared by infusion. Water-scalded mallow leaves are used in the form of emollient and soothing poultices to speed up the ripening of boils. Associated with chamomile flowers and poppy capsules give a good gargle for tonsillitis and dental abscesses. In the form of enemas are used in colitis and hemorrhoids. The decoction made from 20 g of root per 100 g of water is used in laryngitis, tracheitis, in the form of gargle, eye compresses, as well as in vaginal washings.

WITCH NUT (Hamamelis virginiana) Witch Walnut or Witch Hazel - is also called the winter flower. Originally from North America, it is found at altitudes of up to 1500 m in Romania and is very rare in parks and gardens as a decorative species. Description: deciduous shrub, 2-5 m tall. Bent trunk, branched at the base, thin branches. Buds arranged laterally, naked, solitary at the axils of the leaves. Leaves obovoid, oblique base, entire edge to toothed crenate, 8-15 cm long. Flowers bisexual, solitary or in groups of 2-3 in the axil of a leaf, on a globose peduncle bloom in September-December, after the fall of the leaves. Fruit densely pubescent capsule, 10-15 mm long, matures in October-November. Seeds oblong-ovoid or pear-shaped, rounded tip, 7.3 x 3.2 mm smooth, glossy, black-brown surface. Parts used: young leaves and branches. Its seeds are edible and a tea can be prepared from the leaves for heating. Its distilled leaves are included in skin products due to its astringent and disinfectant properties. An aromatic oil used in medicine is extracted from the leaves, branches and bark. The bark has sedative properties, against tumors and external inflammations. A poultice on the inside of the bark has been shown to be effective against inflammation of the eye. The bark should be harvested in the spring, when it contains only 6% tannin and used for nosebleeds. The leaves collected in autumn, dried and kept in dark places. The fruit contains two edible seeds. Distillate from flowers in toman can be used for astringent lotions. Chemical composition: 3-10% tannins (gallic tannins, condensed catechins, free gallic acid), witch hazel, flavonoids, volatile oil. Action: due to the tannins, the leaves have an astringent action, they are antiseptic, hemostatic, vasoconstrictor. Due to its flavonoids, it has a vasoprotective action. Indications: diarrhea and dysentery, various diseases of the skin and mucous membranes (frostbite, burns, open wounds, eczema), venous diseases (hemorrhoids, varicose veins, phlebitis), varicose ulcers, uterine congestive conditions (has differentiated action on uterine smooth muscle fibers - inhibits longitudinal fiber contractions), gingivitis. 72

Preparation and administration: It is administered in the form of infusion (antihemorrhoidal tea, antiflebitic tea), ointments, suppositories. Prolonged internal administration may cause gastric irritation and liver damage. Infusion - pour a cup of hot water over 1 teaspoon full of dried leaves and leave to infuse for 10-15 min. Drink three times a day. Tincture - 1-2 ml of tincture three times a day. Combinations: For the treatment of hemorrhoids, it is combined with ranunculus (Ranunculus ficaria). Products containing Hamamelis: Stimuven (gel and cream), Ruscoven (capsules and cream), Anti-cellulite gel, Venofort etc.

PELIN (Artemisia absinthium)

Wormwood is a perennial, herbaceous plant. It can reach a height of 1 - 1.2 m. The basal leaves are tripenate sectate, with a length of up to 20 cm, and the stems, with lengths not exceeding 10 cm, are gradually simplified towards the top. The flowers are pale yellow and very fragrant. It blooms in July-September. The fruit is an achene. It is widespread in Eurasia and the Middle East, growing mainly on uncultivated land. For therapeutic purposes, the aerial parts harvested during flowering are used. The product has a strong aromatic smell and bitter, characteristic taste. The largest amount of volatile oil is found in the plant before and at the beginning of flowering. The amount of bitter principles reaches its maximum during flowering. Active ingredients: volatile oils, bitter substances, flavonoids. Pharmacological action due to bitter principles and volatile oil. Wormwood increases gastric secretion, promotes the production of gastric juice, increases appetite and normalizes stool. It is recommended in cases of loss of appetite, intestinal worms, hypoacidity. It is also indicated in the treatment of wounds (baths and compresses). Indications: oxyurosis, helminthiasis, giardiasis, appetite stimulation, digestive diseases, detoxification, ulceration, purulent wounds, hemorrhoids, rheumatoid arthritis, dislocations, sprains (compresses, local poultices). Method of administration: powder, infusion, tincture. The powder is obtained by grinding the dried plant, is administered a knife tip 3 times a day, has a strong tonic, purifying, regenerating action on the liver, being effective in chronic ethanolic hepatitis, severe poisoning after poisoning, chemotherapy or those who they received drug treatments for long periods of time (3-week cures are given with a one-week break). The infusion is prepared from 3-4 tablespoons of ground wormwood in 500 ml of cold water and left to soak at room temperature for 10-12 hours, filtered and the plant left after filtration is boiled in half a liter of water for another 5 minutes, strain, allow to cool, then mix the two extracts. It is used externally for baths, enemas, washes, compresses for annexitis, metroanexitis, prostatitis, vaginal candidiasis, trichomoniasis, urethritis, etc. 73

The tincture is prepared from 10 tablespoons of wormwood powder in 200ml of 60 degree alcohol or by putting fresh plant in a jar over which 60-70 degree alcohol is poured, left to soak for 2 weeks, then filtered and bottled in bottles. dark, hermetically sealed and kept in a cool place, 50 drops are administered 3 times a day to regulate digestion effectively in the treatment of intestinal parasitosis (one teaspoon 4 times a day), in the treatment of headaches, migraines, disorders attention, concentration. Hemorrhoids - if you have tried drugs and suppositories without any success against hemorrhoids, try washing with wormwood tea. Make an infusion of three tablespoons of wormwood leaves and a tablespoon of marigold flowers to a liter of water and then make local washes. Repeat these procedures daily for at least 7 days in a row and the results will not be long in coming. Remarks Do not administer for more than 2 weeks, as digestive and nervous disorders may occur. It is not administered to pregnant women (may cause abortion), those who are breastfeeding (bitter taste of milk) and patients with nervous disorders or acute intestinal disorders (acute gastritis, ulcers, colitis).

GOLDEN RAIN (Forsythia suspense)

The golden rain, or perhaps, is a shrub of Asian origin, today frequently encountered in Romania, as an ornamental species in parks and gardens. Forsythia is the name given to several plants of the genus Forsythia, the family Oleaceae. The genus includes about 11 species, most native to East Asia, one being native to Southeast Europe. The golden rain shrub is a woody plant, 2-5 m tall, which has a strong branching, from the base. The bark is light in color in the young stage, then turns reddish brown, being dotted by numerous well-highlighted lenses, lighter in color. The branches are arched, hollow inside, bearing flowers that appear in spring, before the leaves. The leaves of the species are opposite, simple or compound. The compound leaves are imparipinnate, trifoliate, with a much more developed apical leaflet than the lateral elements. The tongue of the leaves or leaflets is serrated on the edges. The flowers of the golden rain are yellow or yellow-green, consisting of 4 elongated petals, joined at the base, forming a tubular corolla. They are lined up one by one or in small bouquets of 2-3, along the entire branch. The flowers appear in spring, in April, before the leaves. The flowering of the golden rain is explosive and spectacular, the shrub quickly loading with thousands of yellow flowers, which seem to be suspended in the air (hence the popular and scientific name of the species). The fruit is a capsule that houses winged seeds.

The plant is known in China, Japan and Korea as LIAN QIAO, with which it is mentioned in the treaties of traditional oriental medicine. Forsythia suspensa is considered one of the 50 fundamental herbs in Chinese natural medicine. Modern research on the species has led to the isolation of active ingredients from the organs of this medicinal plant. Thus, antiseptic principles (antibacterial and antiviral) as well as angioprotective bioflavones (vitamin P) were isolated in flowers. Due to these substances, flower-based extracts, especially infusion and tincture, have inhibitory effects on germs such as: Staphylococcus aureus, Shigella dysenteriae, Streptococcus haemolyticus, Pneumococcus, Bacillus typhi, Mycobacterium tuberculi. For this reason, preparations based on golden rain flowers are indicated in addition to treatments for infectious diseases. The infusion of leaves, through the substances contained (tannin, chlorophyll, flavonoids, salicylic acid), has antihemorrhoidal, diuretic and antipyretic effects. The leaves and flowers can be used as adjuvants in the internal treatment of breast cancer, but also of other diseases and disorders, such as: edema, acute diseases with fever, hemorrhoids. For the preparation of flower teas, leaves or leaves and flowers, use dry material, in the amount of 2 teaspoons to a cup of water, which is administered twice a day. Dried fruits are used as fumigants (overheated on a metal support) to destroy microorganisms that are suspended in the air.

There are several species of poplar, black poplar can be confused with white poplar or trembling poplar, but it differs from them by bark, furrowed early on most of the stem (in other species the bark remains smooth until old age) and through large, elongated buds (2-3 cm) and sharper. The scientific name comes from "populus" = people (lat.) For medicinal purposes, buds are used, which can be harvested from late February to early April, preferably before the development of the leaves, directly from the branches. The buds are ovoid, glossy, resinous on the inside, light brown to brown in color, with a pleasant smell and bitter, aromatic taste. Composition: flavones with diuretic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect, tannins with astringent action, saponosides with diuretic action, volatile oil with antiseptic effect, waxes, glycosides (salicin) with anti-inflammatory effect. Therapeutic actions - antiseptic due to the presence of volatile oils, especially urinary and respiratory antiseptic in the popular tradition used to burn young poplar branches in the rooms where the sick stayed for a long time, to disinfect them astringent anti-inflammatory scar by flavone and salicin due to the diuretic diaphoretic antipyretic salicin, it stimulates in particular the elimination of expectorant tonic uric acid. Therapeutic indications 75

- rheumatism, due to its anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect, which occurs largely due to the plant's content in salicin, which is a natural form of aspirin. The pharmacological name of aspirin is "acetylsalicylic acid" were extracts from willow bark, the first tree in which the presence of this glucoside was discovered, salicin is present in three species of poplar (Populus alba, Populus nigra and Populus tremula), in three species of willow and in crayfish (Filipendula ulmaria) a combination of these three (black poplar buds, willow bark and hawthorn) are a good anti-inflammatory and anti-rheumatic remedy and also anti-febrile. - gout, due to the anti-inflammatory, analgesic and eliminatory effect of uric acid can be combined with birch and nettle leaves - febrile conditions, in association with tincture - inflammatory conditions of the respiratory tract: bronchitis and tracheitis, along with thyme and plantain - laryngitis, together with sage - infections and inflammation of the urinary tract (cystitis, skin) with birch and cranberry - hemorrhoids (for external use) - physical and mental asthenia, due to the tonic effect - anorexia (lack of appetite) - muscle cramps and pain, in external use (ointment) - frostbite (for external use) Poplar buds are the favorite plant of bees as a raw material for the manufacture of propolis, which is used in hives as a "putty" for plugging cracks and also as an excellent antiseptic. Method of administration Internal can be administered in powder form. The dried plant is finely ground with a clean electric grinder from the obtained powder. One third of a teaspoon is taken 4 times a day, at regular intervals, at least 30 minutes before meals, kept sublingually for 15-20 minutes and then swallowed lightly. plain water. It is usually administered in mixtures of several plants, depending on the desired effect. Cold maceration: Put 2 tablespoons of the plant in 1 liter of plain water and leave for about 7 hours in winter and 3 hours in summer at room temperature, then strain and drink throughout the day, with small sips, between meals. Externally it is used in the form of macerated baths: macerate is prepared from 300 g of plant to 5 l of water, which is added to a tub of lukewarm water, baths of approx. 20 minutes, 2 times a week. Ointment applied to the affected areas 3-4 times a day (in case of osteoarthritis, spondylosis, muscle pain, hemorrhoids, frostbite). Black poplar buds Poplar bud resin is the plant source of propolis. It is also called vegetable propolis. Active ingredients: phenolic glycosides (salicin and populin) volatile oil (betulin, alpha, beta and gamma betulenol, humulene, alpha caryophyllene), flavonic compounds (chrysin and tectocrizin), tannins, resin, fatty oil, malic and gallic acids, saponins, mannitol etc. In the literature are listed auxins, vitamins and flavones existing both in the composition of propolis and in the chemical composition of poplar buds.Spectral analysis of propolis and poplar bud extracts shows the presence of 17 elements. 76

The essential microelements in the resin of poplar buds are the same as those in propolis: iron, zinc, copper, cobalt, molybdenum, manganese, iodine, indispensable, in small quantities, for the growth of the body. By specialized chemical analyzes it was shown that there are 5 substances present at the same time in propolis as in poplar buds: chrizin, tectochrizin, galangin, isalpinin, pinocembrine of which are antibiotics: galangin, isalpinin and pinocembrine. It was found that both propolis and poplar bud extracts have similar antibiotic and antifungal action. Use - macerated, with a teaspoon of crushed poplar buds added to a cup of 250 ml of cold water drink 2-3 cups a day maceration from a teaspoon of buds to 200 ml of cold water, kept in a bottle hermetically sealed, can be used for rinsing the mouth and suction on the nose, 2-3 times a day: in the morning, when waking up, after lunch and in the evening, before bed is an excellent remedy for guarding the gates of entry of microbes, ie of the nose and mouth. - ointment of 20 crushed buds, with 100 g of Vaseline - oil, 20% buds per 100 g of olive oil, sunflower or corn - tincture of 10-20-30 crushed buds is soaked in 100 ml of alcohol at 90 ° C, for 10 days take 10-20-30 drops in water, three times a day, before meals for an hour - local baths with maceration (20 g buds per 1 1 water) - general baths with maceration ( 200 g buds to 5 1 lukewarm water) strain and pour into the tub water at 37 ° C.

Tree that loves wetlands, grows in ditches, pebbles, lakeside, in the hill and plain area. Salicylic acid was first extracted from willow bark, in 1838 later it was chemically synthesized and aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were made. For therapeutic purposes, the bark of young branches (Salicis Cortex) is harvested in March-April, the leaves and flowers of the male type (mats). , cutaneous vasodilator, sweating, stimulates blood circulation, heals wounds, cutaneous vasodilator, analgesic, stops lactic secretion at weaning, antipyretic, anaphrodisiac, tonic, nerve sedative. External: healing, hemostatic. Stops foot perspiration. It is part of the antirheumatic tea. It can be used for the following conditions: canker sores, alopecia, poor peripheral circulation, congestion, diarrhea, various pains, flu, gout, runny nose, halena, hemorrhagic hemorrhages, palmoplantar hyperhidrosis, sexual hyperexcitation, various infections, inflammations, insomnia , painful periods, neuralgia, cold, rheumatism, chronic and acute rhinitis, menstrual bleeding 77

strong, ankylosing spondylitis, excessive sweating of the legs, sadness, tuberculosis with hemoptysis, hormonal disorders (endocrine) at puberty, even infected skin ulcers, varicose veins. Preparation: Internally - 2 teaspoons of chopped peel will put in 200 ml of cold water, then boil for 20-30 minutes. Strain and take 3-4 tablespoons a day. - It will turn the peel into a fine powder. It will be sifted. Take a knife at a time with the above conditions. - Chopped willow stalks (flowers) after drying will put a teaspoon in 250 ml of boiling water. Take 3 teas a day from it in endocrine disorders. - 50 g of crushed peel will be put in 250 ml of food alcohol of 70º. It will last for 15 days, after which it will be strained. Use 10-20 drops or even a teaspoon three times a day for treatment or use only when needed in case of pain. Externally: - 3 teaspoons of the plant will boil in 250 ml of water for 15-20 minutes. Strain, then use for compresses, baths or sitting baths, for those conditions (hemorrhoids, etc.). - Peel powder is put in shoes to stop sweating. It can be mixed with oak bark powder. It is combined with these plants and baths are made with them or only with sage. - Put in vinegar, it is used against weeds, pain or other ailments such as warts, spots, etc.

Careful! do not exceed the dose because it may cause intoxication.

Oak is a shrub whose bark is used as a natural remedy. Not every type of bark can be used in natural therapy, it must be chosen carefully, without cracks or lichens. Oak bark is an excellent healing, antiseptic of microbial flora, and hemeostatic. Oak bark can treat hemorrhoids, abscesses, burns, leukorrhea, uterine bleeding, gingivitis (gargles with infusion of oak bark), anus lesions, sweating of the feet. Long ago, oak bark healed people suffering from diarrhea, enteritis, stomach ailments, intestinal disorders. Tea made with oak bark, cures bleeding, diarrhea, can be used as an antidote for people who have been intoxicated with alkaloids or other metals, soothes hemorrhoids (compresses with this infusion), reduces vaginal discharge (vaginal washings with bark tea oak). Method of administration: decoction, tincture, powder, hemoderivative (oak bud extract). The infusion of oak bark can be effective in lowering fever as a hemostatic.

The decoction is prepared from 2 teaspoons of chopped bark in a cup of cold water that is boiled for 20-30 minutes, from which drink 2-3 cups a day for diarrhea, internal bleeding, heavy menstrual cycle, abdominal colic Concentrated decoction of 3 -4 teaspoons of dried bark in a cup of water, boil for 20-30 minutes, strain and use for external use for tonsillitis, stomatitis, pharyngitis, nosebleeds, hemorrhoids, sweating on the feet, frostbite, in the form of gargle, compresses, sitting baths, local baths Wine with oak bark, prepared from a liter of natural red or white wine in which 30 grams of dried and ground bark powder or young bark are placed, left to soak for 2 weeks , then honey is added to sweeten it and it is administered 4 tablespoons a day on an empty stomach effectively to combat intestinal parasitosis, stimulate appetite and improve digestion. Decoction of acorn powder or fresh fruit (acorns), is made from a teaspoon of fruit to a cup of water, boil and drink in the morning on an empty stomach, has an astringent, antidiarrheal effect. Acorn coffee can be a coffee substitute, prepared from dried and ground acorns, for the mineralizing, antianemic, antirahitic, nourishing effect, but also for the normalization of diarrheal stools. Acorn powder is obtained from dried and ground acorns, one teaspoon of powder can be administered in the morning and evening before a meal for tonic purposes Gemoderivat, oak bud extract, 50 drops are administered 1-2 times a day, for general asthenia, sexual dysfunction (occurring at menopause or andropause), hypotension, nocturnal enuresis, vaginal atony, metritis, allergies, premature aging.

TATANEASA (Symphytum officinale)

Perennial herbaceous plant, robust, with rough hairs on the entire surface, stem with winged edges, opposite leaves, large, elongated, extending on the stem, very rough, red-purple flowers, with 5 petals, tubular, grouped in the form of tails of scorpion. In the Dacian language, tătăneasa was called prodiarnela, being used for several thousand years to treat wounds and fractures, as well as for various internal actions. It seems that the famous Romanian doctor Dioscoride learned this plant from the Dacians, who then included it in his no less famous treatise "Materia medica", in this way the name given surviving to this day. Perhaps no medicinal herb has been as cherished and loved by the people as the sorrel, which, without question, enters the ranking of the top ten healing plants used by Romanians. The use of sagebrush for therapeutic purposes is mentioned by ethnobotanists in virtually all areas of the country. From Banat in 79

Bucovina, from Oltenia to Transylvania, was a major external remedy against fractures, cracks and wounds of all kinds. Internally, it was administered against hernia (if the patient wanted to heal quickly, he had to eat bran cakes mixed with crushed roots of sorrel, to warm himself with a connection made with sorrel and pedicure, to spare himself from physical exertion at least 3-4 weeks). As a strong vitalizer (one of the popular names of sorrel is that of hardening herb), sorrel mixed with honey was given to those suffering from tuberculosis (hectic ") and asthma (sigh"). The root decoction was drunk instead of water by patients with hyperacid gastritis and ulcers. Studies done in recent decades have largely confirmed what was known in folk medicine about suckling. It has been established that the active principles of sorrel promote rapid healing and regeneration of the skin and mucous membranes, rapid welding of fractures, remission of malignant and benign tumors. Allantoin, currently considered the most important active ingredient in sorrel, has anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects and promotes tissue regeneration. There are many external preparations (especially ointments) based on sorrel, used to treat wounds, tumors, neuralgia. Several Plafar tea formulas include sorrel as a base plant in the blend. Gastric healing, gastric calming teas, widely used in our country for 20 years, contain sorrel and are used to treat hyperacid gastritis and ulcers. For external use, sagebrush is the most used plant in the last 10 years (worldwide), with over 200 pharmaceutical preparations based on it. Healing qualities and pharmaceutical action: Allantoin, mucilages, glycosides, tannin, choline, volatile oil. Healing, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, antodiarrheal, antihemorrhagic. Healing factor: roots Diseases for which it is recommended: bronchitis, stomach ulcer, burns, varicose ulcers, hemorrhoids, skin cancer, moles, sprained wounds, dislocations, fractures burns with severe severity wounds neck pain, bronchitis.

Recipes with sorrel Powder The dried roots are finely ground with a coffee grinder if there are still unground pieces, a sieve is made. In principle, the dose in adults is one teaspoon three times a day. The powder is kept under the tongue for 10-15 minutes, then swallowed with a little water. In children between 2 and 12 years, the dose is halved, and in children under 2 years it is reduced to one third. The internal treatment with sorrel is done for a maximum of two months, after which there is a break of 14-21 days. Cold maceration Put 2 teaspoons of sorrel root in a cup of water, ground with an electric coffee grinder. Leave to soak for 8-10 hours, then filter. It is obtained a slightly viscous liquid, strongly emollient, with healing and calming effects gastric, expectorant - special. Drink 2-3 cups of cold maceration a day, usually on an empty stomach. decoction

Boil 2 teaspoons of sorrel powder in half a liter of water (two cups) for 5 minutes, then allow to cool and then filter. Mix half a liter of decoction thus obtained with another half liter of cold maceration. The obtained preparation is drunk in 3-4 rounds daily, on an empty stomach. Tincture Put 20 tablespoons of grated popcorn powder (obtained by grinding with an electric coffee grinder) in a bowl then add alcohol of 750 (three parts food alcohol of 960 and one part water), so as to contain the powder and an 4-5 cm film of alcohol remains on top. Leave to soak for 10 days, then squeeze and filter. It is kept in small, dark bottles. Ointment The best sorrel ointment is obtained at home, on a support of butter and beeswax. Put a packet of butter in a pot and simmer over medium heat, removing the foam from time to time. After 15-20 minutes, some dark sediments settle on the bottom of the pan, and the butter remains clear. Then remove from the heat and transfer the hot, clear butter (without any sediment from the bottom) into another clean pot, in which a grain of beeswax the size of a hazelnut is added, after which it is mixed well. When the mixture of clarified butter and wax is ready is allowed to harden, add 3-4 tablespoons of sorrel powder, obtained by grinding, followed by sieving with a sieve for white flour. Stir until completely homogenous, then allow to cool and store in the refrigerator. Grease the affected areas with this ointment 2-3 times a day.

Hemorrhoids - Apply twice a day to the affected area ointment, which has been described above.

TROSCOT (Polygonum aviculare)

It is a small, annual herbaceous plant that grows throughout the country through uncultivated and cultivated places. It has a pivoting root, the stem is often lying on the ground or ascending, branched and covered with alternating leaves. The leaves are small, elliptical, and the flowers are placed below the leaves and are hermaphroditic. They have a white-green color. The fruit is an achene. It blooms from May to September.

Harvest: The optimum time is during flowering (May-September). It is done by uprooting the plants (if they are erect and in mass, it can also be done by mowing). Preparing the knotweed for processing: Remove the roots and woody undersides. Not being too juicy, the drying is quite easy: the natural one is done in the shade, in a thin layer, in bridges, on frames or papers (the plant layer is returned every 1-2 days, carefully, so as not to fall the leaves) artificial at most 40C °. Healing factor: aerial parts Action: hemostatic, healing, anti-inflammatory, astringent, antidiarrheal, mineralizing, diuretic, acts on the renal epithelium and increases the amount of urine excreted, effective in hydrosaline retention, joint disease and is effective in hypotension b , Hypertension, promotes the restoration of mucosal integrity, accelerates healing, rich in minerals has remineralizing action, general tonic. Composition: saponosides, avicularoside, anthraquinone derivatives, flavonoids and flavonic pigments, tannins, salicylic acid, resins, sterols, mucilages, vitamins A, C, K, mineral salts of which silicon dioxide predominates. Administration Internal use: - cardiovascular diseases, gynecological diseases, inflammatory diseases, metabolic diseases, kidney diseases, bladder diseases, albuminuria, anorexia, azotemia, bronchitis, digestive tract cancer, cellulite, convalescence, diabetes, diarrhea, diarrhea , dysentery, cardio-renal edema, enteritis, gastritis, gout, intestinal bleeding, hemorrhoids, hypertension, heart failure, lymphatism, urinary stones, gallstones, menorrhagia, metrorrhagia, obesity, urinary retention, pulmonary tuberculosis, ganglion, stomach ulcer, uremia in the form of infusion, decoction, maceration. External use: Bleeding wounds, fresh wounds, varicose veins, epistaxis, hemorrhoids, hemoptysis, rheumatism, gynecological diseases - in the form of infusion washes, baths, poultices with decoction. Knotweed tea is recommended to drink two or three cups daily to obtain beneficial effects in the treatment of rheumatism, kidney disease, respiratory diseases, leukorrhea, menstrual disorders, gastric ulcer.Internal use: Infusion of 1-2 teaspoons of dried and crushed grass take 200 ml of boiling water infuse 10 minutes and drink 2-3 teas a day before main meals, with effects in hypertension, diarrhea, pulmonary tuberculosis , rheumatism, kidney disease. Concentrated infusion of 20 g of dry grass take 200 ml of boiling water, boil for 1 minute, infuse for 5 minutes and take 2 tablespoons a day, one in the evening. Infusion of 25-30 g of dry grass take 1 liter of red wine, of which take 3 glasses a day in a treatment that can last longer. Decoction of 20-25 g of dry grass is taken 1 liter of cold water is boiled until reduced by half and consumed in full during the day. 82

Decoction of the mixture of knotweed and chicory boiled in milk is drunk 2-3 times a day, before meals, against hernia and hemorrhoids. Decoction of 25-30 g mixture of knotweed with mallow, candle and flax seeds to 1 liter of water is used in the form of antidiarrheal enemas. Notes: Do not administer internally to patients receiving anticoagulants.

External use: Decoction of boiled grass, which is porridge and applied in the form of poultices on open wounds, having a healing role. The decoction is prepared from a handful of dried herbs that are boiled in a liter of water for 10 minutes. hot a bag with 500 grams of dried plant and soak in bath water for 30 minutes Decoction of 75 g of dried herb to 1 liter of white wine that is boiled until reduced by half and applied in the form of compresses or washes on fresh and bleeding wounds, having a hemostatic and healing role. Knot juice is used to treat wounds (by lubrication). To obtain it, a very large amount of knotweed is squeezed, precisely because this plant is not a juicy one. 20 drops a day will be administered in case of bleeding, gastric and duodenal ulcers. It also plays a very good role in children with nocturnal enuresis. Fresh grass juice, folded with water, inserted with a tampon into the nostrils in case of nosebleeds, having an anti-inflammatory and hemostatic role.

FUNCTION (Ranunculus ficaria)

Butter, wild or greasy is a dwarf plant with round, green, glossy and fleshy leaves. It grows in humid and shady areas, at the edge of forests, next to bushes, in orchards and pastures. The young butter leaves are used for salad (in some areas of the country butter salad is traditional during Easter week). You can also prepare soups (just like lettuce soup) or meat dishes (butter leaves are used mainly as a garnish for lamb steak).

Harvesting From March to May, the whole plant is harvested, with tuberous roots, leafy stems and flowers. The whole plant is extracted from the ground with a spade. Only the aerial part of the flowering plant can be collected, which is, however, poorer in active principles. Careful! - Wildflower, with or without roots, is toxic, used only in external therapies. Internally, only the fat organs harvested before flowering are administered strictly. The young leaves of butter, which appear before the flowers, are administered raw or cooked. They can also be dried, resulting in a raw material for the preparation of officinal teas. All collected parts must be separated from impurities and washed well in a stream of cold water before use. Nutrition and diet therapy The young and tender leaves, which appear before the flowers, are administered raw in the spring cure, in the form of salads (see salads of spontaneous plants) or cooked like spinach. Soups and soups containing gooseberry leaves are considered to be superior to sorrel, nettle or spinach, being one of the delicacies in England. In the culinary arts, fresh fat leaves are used as garnishes, in the form of salad, especially for lamb steak. An appetizer can be prepared from the raw leaves scalded with butter (see here) and the bulbs from the axils of the leaves can be dipped in tarragon vinegar (C. Pârvu). The young and fresh buttercup leaves are antiscorbutic, antiasthenic and depurative. In its tender state, the leaves of Ranunculus ficaria fight spring asthenia and help to restore quality and quantity of blood, while draining it of toxins. Also, belts with butter leaves, improve venous circulation, being useful in diets for the treatment of varicose veins, hemorrhoids and skin diseases. Precautions The maximum recommended daily intake for lettuce leaves is 100 g for adults and 50 g for children. It is good for those who first resort to the leaves of Ranunculus ficaria to halve their consumption. If spring treatments are made with cocktails of salads of spontaneous plants or with mixed salads (from wild greens mixed with the cultivated ones) a few butter leaves are enough. Buttermilk is one of the best remedies for hemorrhagic hemorrhoids due to its astringent and calming properties. For this, apply freshly squeezed juice, poultices with scalded leaves or use the infusion or decoction of leaves or butter root. Method of administration Internal use: From the leaves, from the aerial part or from the butter roots, all harvested only before flowering and then subjected to drying, results in a raw material usable for the preparation of teas. It is used as an infusion (one teaspoon to 200 ml of water) in the treatment of varicose veins, hemorrhoids and skin diseases.

External use: Phytotherapeutic preparations for external use based on butter are made from the aerial part or better from the whole plant, which is harvested during flowering. Only fresh raw material is valuable (by drying, the most valuable principles of wheat are lost). For a longer-term use of the butter, a tincture can be made from fresh plant, and further, based on the tincture, an ointment can be obtained. Thus, the 3 official forms of external use are: freshly crushed plant, butter tincture, butter ointment. External preparations made from butter have anti-inflammatory, anti-hemorrhoidal, astringent and acaricidal effects. They are applied in the areas affected by: eczema, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, spider bites, ticks stuck in the skin. In most cases, it is recommended to use the tincture and the ointment in tandem (the affected areas are swabbed with tincture, after which the ointment is applied in a film). Butter tincture (wild, fat) is prepared from fresh plant, which is soaked in 70% cereal alcohol. Within the volume of the extraction container (usually a jar with a screw cap), agglomerate as much fresh vegetable raw material as possible, then pour the alcohol so that the liquid completely covers the vegetable material. The maceration time is 2 weeks, during which time the extract is stirred from time to time. The ointment is obtained by boiling on the water bath (the larger container - the bath, containing water, and the smaller one - on the bath, oil), on low heat of 100g refined sunflower oil (unrefined oils are not used heated even in use external or internal) to which is added 30 ml of wild tincture. The extraction process ends when all the alcohol has evaporated (when the solution no longer removes bubbles). After evaporation of the alcohol, 10 g of beeswax and 10 g of lanolin are added to the composition, stirring constantly until the mixture is completely and homogeneously liquefied. Leave it on the fire for a few more minutes, then pour it into the glass jars with lids. Toxicity The whole lettuce plant is toxic, except for the leaves before flowering. Toxicity is manifested by spasms of the facial muscles and abdominal colic, and in severe cases by paresis and paralysis. The administration of plant organs (roots, stems, leaves - during and after flowering, flowers, seeds) is contraindicated due to toxicity. However, these elements can be the basis for the preparation of phytotherapeutic products with external application. Therefore, it is important to harvest the leaves or the whole plant.

Nettle is a herbaceous plant, which grows up to 150 cm in height, having in the soil a thin, cylindrical, whitish, long and branched rhizome. The stems are straight, with 4 edges, covered with opposite leaves, toothed on the edges. Both the stem and the leaves are provided with stinging hairs. At the base, the leaves are cordate. Nettle has female and male flowers placed on different stems (dioecious). Nettle grows everywhere, in cultivated and uncultivated places, in ditches, along roadsides, on the water's edge, in forests and on greasy places where there have been sheepfolds. 85

Nettle blooms in July-August and can be harvested in March-April. Parts used: leaves, roots, or the plant in its entirety. The leaves can be harvested and consumed throughout the growing season. For storage, they can also be dried and ground, in which case they lose their vitamin K content. Especially in spring, fresh leaves bring a welcome supply of freshness and vitality through their high content of iron and vitamins that may be lacking during the months. Winter. To prevent very rapid oxidation (iron), you can add in the blender and a lemon along with fresh nettle leaves. We recommend that you wear a pair of thick gloves when harvesting. Otherwise, you will endure a small treatment for rheumatism. If you still sting, apply dandelion juice, plantain leaves or a little vinegar to the painful place. The roots are harvested in late autumn after the essence of the plant has retreated underground for hibernation. Being rigid and difficult to turn into powder, the best way to use the roots is the tincture that can be stored and used throughout the year. Chemical composition Flavonoids, mucilages, volatile oils, formic acids, acetic acid, pantothenic acid, folic acid, vitamin C, K, beta-carotene, minerals: iron, magnesium bladder substance for the skin is composed of formic acid, enzymes and a toxalbumin and by drying these substances are lost or transformed. Nettle root contains in the chemical composition the same substances as the aerial part of the plant and in addition phenyl-propane derivatives, fatty acids, phytosterols, coumarins, amino acids, a complex of nettle-dioic-agglutinin, lignans, prosaic. Therapeutic indications Internal use: Anemia, gastrointestinal bleeding, heavy and irregular menstruation, uterine bleeding after birth, bleeding hemorrhoids, hematuria, diarrhea, dysentery, hemorrhoids, chronic diseases of the colon, gout, rheumatism, kidney stones, urinary tract infections, cystitis. External use: Famous for treating eczema (in children and adults), psoriasis, hives, hard to heal wounds, varicose ulcers. The root, the leaves, the juice and especially the nettle seeds have proven to be extremely effective in stopping bleeding of any kind, hematuria, cough accompanied by bloody sputum, metrorrhagia, bleeding caused by hemorrhoids and others. Stinging nettle, or touching the affected areas with nettles, is an ancient remedy for treating rheumatic pain. Being rich in chlorophyll, nettle regenerates the blood, is diuretic and hemostatic. Having a strong influence on urinary flow, relaxing the muscles of the bladder, it can be used to treat kidney stones and rheumatism. Nettle is indispensable in spring cures, in the form of fresh juice and salads, but also in the treatment of vitamin A deficiencies. Boiled nettle with prunes is a pleasant remedy for constipation. Method of administration: dried plant powder, infusion, decoction, nettle juice, syrup, tincture. The powder is obtained by grinding the dried plant, it is administered 1 teaspoon 4 times a day for digestive hemorrhages, anemia, appetite stimulation, etc. Dried nettle root extract has been shown in scientific studies to be effective in the treatment of prostate hypertrophy (benign prostatic hyperplasia), prostate adenoma and andropause disorders due to the action of isolectins (urtic-dioic-agglutinin) and fractions 86

polysaccharides that regulate the action of androgen hormones, inhibit the secretion of prostaglandins and have immunomodulatory action and the phytosterols contained in the plant interact with dihydrotestosterone (DHT). It is administered as a powder, combined infusion or tincture. The infusion of dried leaves is prepared from 2-3 teaspoons of dried plant in a cup of boiling water, leave to infuse for 10-15 minutes, strain and drink 2-3 cups a day. The tincture of the leaves is prepared from two coats of finely chopped roots, which are placed in a jar and over which is poured until the filling is brandy. Leave to soak for 10-15 days, and after soaking, filter and store in small containers. It is administered one teaspoon 3-4 times a day for a month. Nettle juice is prepared from fresh leaves that are passed through an electric juicer. Before administration it is mixed with a little water. It is used to treat digestive cancer, but has a variety of other recommendations: in the treatment of anemia, respiratory tract diseases, insect bites and stings (applied directly to the skin), hair growth. The syrup is prepared from fresh leaves, which are finely chopped and put in a jar. The remaining space is filled with honey and left to soak for a month. After maceration, filter and administer one tablespoon a day for remineralization. Nettle is recommended in the treatment of hemorrhagic hemorrhoids, hard to heal wounds, varicose ulcers and suppurations in the form of baths. In hemorrhoids with hemorrhages use the infusion of 25 g nettle leaves, 25 g mousetail flowers, 70 g cranberry peel from this mixture take a tablespoon and scald with 3 glasses of boiling water after 15 minutes strain and drink a cup before bedtime. Contraindications Prolonged treatment with nettle leaves causes skin conditions. Nettle can cause gastric inflammation. The plant should not be administered at the same time as antidiabetic, antihypertensive, antihypotensive medication, or if the medication depresses the central nervous system.


► Hemorrhoid compresses: - 1 teaspoon crushed marigold - 1 teaspoon Goldenseal powder (Hydrastis canadensis) - powder - 1 teaspoon mint leaves - 3 cups water - ½ cup of witch hazel (Hamamelis) Mix water with herbs and put on boil until boiling, then turn off the heat and cover for 20 minutes, strain and keep only the liquid. After it has cooled, add the enchanted hazelnut cup. Take a clean compress and soak it in this liquid, squeeze and then put the compress on the hemorrhoids. 87

► Antihemorrhoidal tea - external use (sitting baths) At 10 liters of extract: Armurariu (roots and leaves) Horsetail (whole plant without root) Mousetail (flowers) Lavender (flowers) Pear (roots and leaves) Knotweed (roots)

Basic extract: Boil 10 liters of water for 5 minutes and then let the water stand until it becomes just lukewarm. Put in it the mixture of plants, chopped or cut. Let them soak for about 4-5 hours, but with the pot covered, do not let the dust. Then strain and place the extract obtained in a 10 liter jar, perfectly clean, but not made of metal. Add perfectly clean water until it is 10 l. Bath Sitting bath Boil two liters of water and then let it sit for 5 minutes. Pour 250 ml of the basic extract into it. The resulting liquid preparation will be kept cold, in a non-metal vessel, hermetically sealed, so that dust does not enter it. For each bath you will reheat it, without boiling it and without filling it with other water. He will be able to reach you for an eight-day bath. Baths are done every night, no matter how hot you can stand them.

► Anti-hemorrhoid tea for internal use Forest mallow 50 g Mousetail (rootless plant) 100 g Marjoram (leaves) 50 g Black grass (flowers) 50 g Infusion of four tablespoons of the plant to a liter of boiling water. Leave to infuse for 15 minutes and strain. Drink the entire amount of tea during the day. ► Sitting baths with sweet cabbage for hemorrhoids (I) Boil 1 kg of sweet cabbage for about 30 minutes in 2-3 kg of water. Warm sitting baths are made daily with the juice obtained. Leeks can also be used, and can be kept in the refrigerator by heating before use. Or it can be used alternatively. After a bath of about 30 minutes, allow to dry (do not wipe) and grease the painful area with marigold ointment. The treatment lasts about a month. ► Sitting baths with sweet cabbage for hemorrhoids (II) In many villages in Bucovina, a remedy is used with very good results: a fresh cabbage is finely chopped, rubbed by hand until it leaves the juice, put in a bowl clay and scald with hot water, adding a handful of marigold flowers. 88

Cover until cool to a tolerable temperature for a sitting bath taken in the evening, for 15-30 minutes, for 3-4 weeks. ► Sitting baths with walnut moths for hemorrhoids The walnut blooms in April and has female flowers in the nut itself and male flowers like green moths full of yellow pollen, which after fertilizing the walnut fall and dry turning black. They can be picked from the ground and stored for 2-3 years. Treatment: in 2-3 liters of water, when it boils, put a handful (about 20gr) of walnuts, turn off the heat and cover. When the infusion is bearable at the elbow, put it in a bowl with moths and take baths until the infusion cools. It can be reheated and used again. There will be 10 such baths in 10 consecutive evenings. The patient must avoid pepper, hot peppers and must maintain strict hygiene at the sick place. ► Sitting garlic baths for hemorrhoids Grind 10 uncleaned garlic cloves, simmer with ½ liter of water for 15 minutes, leave at a bearable temperature and then make sitting baths (as hot as possible). The water can be heated and used 4-5 times. The method is very efficient, not needing several times. Each wash should last 15 minutes and as hot as possible. ► Horsetail - has a hemostatic role. It is used externally in the form of compresses with a concentrated and prolonged decoction, prepared from 100 g of plant per liter of water. ► Mouse's tail - through its hemostatic and healing properties, it works favorably in external applications: sitting baths, compresses with decoction prepared from 60 g inflorescences per liter of water. The use of the plant was even recommended by Hippocrates, in the case of bleeding hemorrhoids. ► Compresses, washes or baths with infusions and decoctions of chamomile, mousetail, marigold, mallow, walnut, sage, plantain, nettle, black poplar buds, wild chestnut, oak bark that exerts decongestant, anti-inflammatory and Healing cure with juniper oil, using 4-18 drops, with increase and decrease from day to day. ► Shock leaves - are known as external topics. Apply compresses with concentrated infusion of 100 g of leaves to one liter of water. ► Vine leaves - due to their astringent properties, they can be used externally in poultices. ► Trinji grass - whose popular name is suggestive, has been used since the 16th century in the treatment of hemorrhoids. ► Its small tuberous roots have a striking resemblance to hemorrhoids, which suggested to the authors of the signature theory (resemblance) its use, verified over the centuries, as a specific remedy for hemorrhoids. Externally it is used in the form of poultice, from boiled leaves applications with concentrated decoction of leaves or roots (boil 60 g in a liter of water until it decreases to 1/4 of the initial amount) which is mixed with flax flour.

► In mixtures of plant species are used the same species taken separately, but with enhanced effects through the cumulative actions of the active principles of plants. ► Infusions with flowers (chamomile, mousetail, arnica, marigold, mallow), leaves (blueberry, artichoke, ash, sage, nettle), grass (pedicure, horsetail, St. John's wort, lamb's tongue, knotweed) ), Dill seeds). ► Oak bark - 100 g of bark is boiled in a liter of water, then filtered. Apply in repeated compresses decoctions of roots (chicory, cereal, pear, dandelion, sorrel), bark (oak and willow), leaves (vine), buds (black poplar), fruit (fennel) and anise). ► Make local baths with arnica or shepherd's purse and castor, sea buckthorn and chestnut oils. ► Ointments with marigold, candle, arnica, aloe, black poplar buds and propolis (20% in medicinal Vaseline as excipient) are used. ► Add poultices of sorrel porridge, chestnut flour, crushed cabbage leaves, beets, leeks, dill and lime, young hazelnut or oak branches, crushed blueberry and quince fruit and raw potato paste. ► Tincture from the brown shells of wild chestnut seeds (10 drops / day put in mousetail tea, in a cure of 20 days), with immediate anti-inflammatory and vasoconstrictor effects, increasing the resistance of capillaries and reducing the permeability of these vessels.

Reduce pain in one hour with these treatments: ► Add Echinacea extract directly to the hemorrhoids with a cotton swab to get rid of pain and stinging. ► Geranium and lavender essential oil - take 2-3 drops of lavender oil and 2 drops of Geranium and 28 g of almond oil. Mix the composition well, put a few drops on the finger and apply on the hemorrhoids and anus. ► Liquid lecithin - apply this solution on hemorrhoids 1-2 times a day, 2-3 days, until the pain decreases in intensity. ► A teaspoon of alum powder in a glass of water soak this solution to get rid of bleeding hemorrhoids. ► Apple cider vinegar - is ideal for bleeding hemorrhoids. Drink a glass of water with 2 tablespoons of vinegar after each meal. You can also apply vinegar on a cotton swab and apply directly on hemorrhoids.

► For swelling and itching, you can make a washing solution, consisting of: Lobelia extract, baptism and zinc sulfate. Mix these ingredients with water, equal parts of each compound. Use this solution to wash your anus. ►

You can make a mixture of sulfur and Vaseline to apply on hemorrhoids 2-3 times a day

day. ► Put 3-4 tablespoons of raw cranberries in the blender. Take a compress and put a spoonful of the mixture in it and put it on the hemorrhoids, holding it in place with tight underwear. After an hour, put a new compress with another tablespoon of cranberries in the blender. Repeat this treatment twice a day. ► Onion and garlic suppositories - this remedy will reduce inflammation, kill bacteria and strengthen the veins in the anus. Cut the onion into small pieces, about the size of a clove of garlic. Before going to bed, slowly put the onion and a clove of garlic in the rectum. Leave them until the next morning when they go to the bathroom, when they fall by themselves. Do not use this remedy if you have bled or bled. Ointments for pain relief The following ointments and creams have been shown to be extremely effective in treating and healing hemorrhoids, as the body responds quickly to the natural ingredients contained in these ointments. However, it must be borne in mind that just using them, without a proper diet and the other measures we discussed, will not be enough. You have to fight with hemorrhoids and locally, by using these ointments, but also by attacking the cause of their appearance: • poor diet, low in fiber • numerous episodes of constipation • insufficient water consumption, etc. The treatment is therefore long-term, even if you got rid of hemorrhoids through these remedies, you will have to be very careful with your diet and fluid intake! These remedies should be used with caution, especially by pregnant or lactating women.

► Ointment with arnica and marigold Boil 50 g of arnica and 50 g of marigold in 150 g of lard. After 20 min. filter and refrigerate. Apply twice a day, morning and evening, after washing the sick place with one of the decoctions presented. Washes can be made with: leek tea, external antihemorrhoidal tea (Plafar), sorrel, leaves, acorns or oak bark (decoction 15 min. - cold baths), willow bark (hemostatic), poplar buds, seed emulsion of quince (and poultices).

► Mousetail ointment Heat well 90 g of unsalted butter or lard, add 15 g of mousetail flowers, fresh and finely chopped, let it sizzle briefly in the fat, mix and set the pan aside, leave to soak until the next day, when it warms up slightly, strain through gauze and put in a dry jar, which is kept in the refrigerator. Hemorrhoids are treated with this ointment.

► Ointment with marigolds Take 2 handfuls of flowers, leaves and stems, cut into small pieces, put in 1 kg of butter, margarine or lard, without salt, 50 gr of beeswax, and mix with a wooden spoon until it turns brown, then leave to soak until the next day, when it is heated and strained through gauze. Store in a refrigerator in jars or boxes. It is treated by light massage on the affected area. It has a calming effect and reduces inflammation. It is antibacterial, analgesic, antiseptic, astringent, contracts blood vessels. It helps to form new tissues and is also used for cuts, burns and other skin conditions. The ointment can be applied directly to the affected region, daily, as often as needed.

► Ointment against hemorrhoids 90 grams of fresh lard, 15 grams of freshly mousetail flowers and 15 grams of green raspberry leaves. Melt the fat in a metal pot over low heat, and add the finely chopped plants. Leave for a minute or two, stirring constantly with a wooden spoon, then pull the pan aside. The next day, reheat the composition just enough to become liquid and strain through a gauze. Pour into a clean jar and store in the refrigerator. Every night, massage the inflamed veins with this ointment, leave it on for about an hour, then take a shower with lukewarm water.

► Beeswax with beeswax Beeswax the size of a hazelnut, 1 tablespoon of honey (clean), 1 tablespoon of sunflower or olive oil, 2 cm of crushed aloe leaf (older than 3 years). Mix all the components in an enamel bowl, placed on the right heat, until a homogeneous liquid is obtained. Pour into plastic boxes, leave to cool and after good local hygiene, grease the affected area until healing. ► Fargelin Ointment - Used for bleeding hemorrhoids.

► Wheat Ointment Wheat or Untis Untisor Ointment with butter is one of the best methods of healing hemorrhoids naturally. Buttermilk has long been used to treat hemorrhoids. It works quickly and efficiently, stops rectal bleeding caused by hemorrhoids. It works as an astringent, which stops the bleeding of hemorrhoids. Apply on the anal area before bed. Do not use this product indoors.

► Zinc oxide ointment This ointment can be obtained from any pharmacy. Reduces hemorrhoid symptoms, is a powerful astringent, antiseptic and antibacterial. Zinc oxide helps to dry the area, soothes stinging and burning sensation. ► Rhodiola cin cinnamon root ointment - Used especially for protruding hemorrhoids.

Melt a kilogram of unsalted lard. Put two handfuls of freshly cut sandalwood flowers, which you add over the melted lard together with 50 g of beeswax. Stir slowly with a wooden spoon until the mixture turns brown. Remove from the heat and leave to soak until the next day. Heat again until the mixture liquefies, and then strain through a gauze. Ointment, which is stored in the refrigerator, is used to treat hemorrhoids, skin diseases, goiter, thyroid gland, cancerous ulcers, cancerous tumors of the larynx. In all these cases, the patient should massage the affected area with the ointment.

► White oak ointment Works just as well, even better than medical hemorrhoid treatments you can get from pharmacies. Contains: Wax tree (Myrica cerifera) Goldenseal root or Hydrastis Canadensis Mir White oak. This product works as an astringent, antiseptic and antibacterial solution. Ointment can be purchased from any pharmacy and has the role of keeping dry the place where hemorrhoids appeared and reduce stinging. You can use this remedy before going to bed.

► Oint with your uncle (I) 4-6 fresh and washed sorrel roots are finely chopped, fried over high heat in 250 gr fat, left to soak overnight, and the next day it is heated and strained through gauze , after which it is stored in jars or boxes, cold. It is used successfully in the treatment of wounds.

► Ointment with ta tataneasa neasa (II) It is a combination of herbs that helps to heal tissue and blood vessels.It is antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, calming. Ingredients include: poppy root, St. John's wort and bud flowers, marigold flowers, banana leaves, raccoon (Stellaria media), regional, also called auricle or clove, chicken tail, grass-hens, sleepy leaves (Verbascum nigrum). Clean the area and apply the ointment on the anus. It can be used for 6 days, with a break of 1 day, for 6 weeks, with a break of one week. Keep any ointment or cream in the refrigerator, to always be fresh and for a more pleasant feeling on the affected area.

► Alifie GheeGhee-Turmeric Mix 2 teaspoons of clarified butter (ghee) with A½ teaspoons of Turmeric powder (saffron from India). Apply on hemorrhoids before bed, for 3 nights in a row, with a break of 2 nights after which you can resume this cycle, for another 3 nights, continuing in this way until the hemorrhoids disappear. Resume treatment for another 3 nights. Continue the same way until the hemorrhoids disappear. Saffron will stain your clothes, so it is advisable to wear older underwear. The color on the skin will also disappear after 2-3 weeks, or even faster.

► VeriVeri-Gone Ointment It is an ointment for varicose veins and is also used for hemorrhoids. The ingredients in Veri-Gone are: Witch Walnut Echinacea Extract Marigold Extract Museum Essential Oils Alcohol Distilled Water.


Thyme is a small shrub, which has its origins on the European shores of the Mediterranean Sea, where we still find it today, grown spontaneously on green spaces, on sandy cliffs and through rocks.

It is also called cultivated thyme (Thymus vulgaris), to be different from the garden thyme (Satureja hortensis), which is a completely different species. In appearance, it is totally unspectacular: short, less than forty centimeters tall, it has small, pale pink flowers, which appear from mid-summer to late autumn. It is not pretentious at all, growing on any kind of soil and requiring small amounts of water. Beneath these modest outward appearances lies, however, an astonishing therapeutic force. Thyme seems to be one of the most powerful herbs in the world. In fact, his fame is ancient. Pliny the Elder mentions him in his writings, and Greek and later Roman physicians frequently recommended him against digestive and respiratory diseases. The Dacians called thyme "cinuboila" and used it both in food and as a remedy. The consecration of thyme as a medicine began, however, in the Middle Ages, when the Arabs began to manufacture volatile oils by distillation. Very quickly, volatile thyme oil became a universal panacea, able to cure many of the plagues that decimated the population countless times in those days. Known by a very small circle of "initiates", thyme oil prevented and helped fight plague, cholera, pulmonary tuberculosis, yellow colds. There are oriental writings that mention the successful use of this remedy even against syphilis or dysentery. In the following, we will know together its extraordinary effects in curing diseases, this time in the light of modern studies, but not before learning how to prepare and how to administer:

Ways of preparation and administration of thyme

It is obtained by grinding the aerial parts of the plant as finely as possible with an electric coffee grinder. Thyme powder is stored in hermetically sealed glass jars, in dark and cold places, for a maximum of one week, because its volatile oils evaporate very quickly. Usually, it is administered 3-4 times a day, a quarter - half a teaspoon shaved, on an empty stomach.

It is obtained only by industrial processes, in our country, in shops and in natural pharmacies, being available ready prepared. Only thyme oil from specialized stores will be used, which can be used for internal use. It is usually administered 3 drops of thyme oil, dissolved in a teaspoon of honey or put in a tablespoon of water, twice a day, in cures of 5-14 days. In children between 8 and 12 years old, the dose is halved, and in those between 5 and 8 years old, a single drop is administered twice a day.

Hydroalcoholic extract (tincture)

Put in a jar 15 tablespoons of thyme powder, which is covered with 400 ml of 50-degree food alcohol, stirring constantly. When the whole mass of powder has been covered, close the airtight jar and leave the contents to soak for 12 days. Then the preparation is strained, 10 drops of volatile thyme oil are added, it is shaken well, and the extract thus obtained is placed in small, dark bottles. One teaspoon is usually administered 4-6 times a day, in treatments lasting 1-3 months.

Put 3-4 tablespoons of chopped thyme to soak in half a liter of water for 8-10 hours, then filter. The resulting preparation is set aside, and the plant left after filtration is boiled in another half liter of water for five minutes, after which it is allowed to cool and filtered. Finally, mix the two extracts, obtaining about a liter of combined infusion of thyme, which is used internally (1-2 cups per day) or externally, in the form of compresses and baths.

Prepare by scalding a teaspoon of thyme powder with a cup of water, then cover the mixture to infuse for 10-15 minutes and then filter. It is administered as hot as possible.

Internal treatments with thyme

* Acute bronchitis, cold (respiratory virus) - In recent years, several studies have shown the amazing therapeutic effects of thyme in acute respiratory infections. In one of these studies, conducted at a research institute in Berlin, 189 patients with newly triggered acute bronchitis were treated with thyme as the main remedy, to which was added an extract of cucumber (Primula officinalis). After three days of treatment with these plants, approximately 53% of those treated no longer showed any symptoms of bronchitis, and in 25% of patients, symptoms such as cough, chest pain, catarrh, fever or nausea. asthenia were much improved, even if they had not completely disappeared. Therefore, against colds and bronchitis, thyme tincture is recommended, one teaspoon 4-6 times a day, for a maximum of 12 days. For increased efficiency, thyme tincture can be combined in a ratio of 2: 1 with ciubotica-cuckoo root tincture, the combination being administered in the same dose.

* Adjuvant in hypertension - a group of researchers from the former Soviet Union, under the guidance of Dr. Z.T. Kulieva, have shown that the administration of volatile thyme oil significantly reduces blood pressure. This oil also reduces the susceptibility of the cardiovascular system to the harmful influence of mental stress. As such, it is recommended to consume thyme in the diet as a spice, and in addition, thyme tincture is cured, from which a teaspoon is administered four times a day. The treatment lasts for 56 days and is especially recommended for hypertensives very sensitive to stress, hypertensives who have had, or have a predominantly carnivorous diet or face digestive disorders such as aerophagia, bloating or colitis.
* Intestinal worms - administer the volatile thyme oil, five drops each, put in a tablespoon of olive or sunflower oil. Take two such doses a day, the first morning, on an empty stomach, at least half an hour before eating, and the other in the evening, before bedtime. The treatment lasts for 28 days. Thyme oil inhibits the development of intestinal parasites, paralyzes the nerve centers of worms, helping to eliminate them through the stool.
* Giardia lamblia infection - An unbeatable combination in the treatment of this disease is that between thyme and hollyhock (Chelidonium majus). The tinctures of the two plants are mixed in equal parts and then put in a bottle that closes tightly. One teaspoon of this mixture is administered, diluted in a quarter of a glass of water, in which two drops of thyme oil are added. This dose is taken four times a day. The treatment is done for three weeks, and if necessary, it can be resumed after a 14-day break. According to a Mexican study conducted in 2006, led by Dr. F. Calzada, the active ingredients in thyme, especially volatile oil, destroy Giardia lamblia and prevent its reproduction. Another study, this time Iranian, published in 2008, shows that thyme is very effective in infecting the protozoa Entamoeba histolytica, Trypanosoma brucei and Trypanosoma cruzi, which cause tropical diseases as dangerous as they are widespread in warm areas. Thyme essential oil, according to the Iranian study, has a therapeutic action comparable to that of metronidazole, which is the most commonly used drug in these conditions, but without the side effects of the synthetic product.
* Oral, digestive, respiratory, genital candidiasis - In half a cup of combined thyme infusion put two drops of volatile thyme oil and consume this mixture 2 hours after a meal. Take 2-3 such doses a day, in courses of 12-21 days, followed by a 14-day break, after which it can be resumed. Thyme, and especially its aromatic compounds, are among the strongest anticandidosis known, both in natural and allopathic medicine. Countless laboratory tests have shown the strong destructive effect of various Candida species and strains under the action of thyme.

External treatments with thyme

* sinusitis - make aromatizations in the room, with volatile thyme oil or, better, if it is supported - inhale with the same volatile oil. In addition, compresses with thyme tincture are applied on the forehead. They are kept for 20 minutes a day, until they heal. Thyme thus acts directly on the upper respiratory tract, exerting its antibiotic and decongestant action.
* Wounds, skin ulcers, burns - in order to prevent the infection of these lesions, washes are made with alcoholic extract or with a combined infusion of thyme. These extracts have a very strong antibiotic effect, also having a slight healing effect.

* Poor peripheral circulation - make hot baths with a combined infusion of thyme (5 liters in a tub of water). Made weekly, it strongly activates circulation, acts on the body's metabolism, intensifies burns, and strengthens the immune system.
* Vaginal mycosis, vaginal candidiasis, leukorrhea, genital bacterial infections - Vaginal washes are made with a combined infusion of thyme until healing. Thyme has a strong and broad-spectrum antifungal and antibacterial effect, very rare in the world of medicinal plants. It also has anti-inflammatory effects, being useful in the treatment of salpingitis (inflammation of the fallopian tubes).
* Rheumatism - put hot poultices with thyme on the affected area. This treatment intensifies the blood circulation on the affected segment, reduces joint stiffness and sensitivity to cold, has calming and analgesic effects.
* Localized nail fungus (onychomycosis) - Put a compress with thyme tincture on the diseased nail, which is then wrapped in nylon, to avoid evaporation, and hold for 1-2 hours. As soon as the compress is removed, the affected part of the nail is peeled off and then allowed to air dry. The procedure is repeated daily until the entire portion of the nail affected by mycosis is removed by filing. Sometimes, if the mycosis is very extensive, it is possible that the treated nail will even fall out and grow a new, healthy nail.
* Mycoses located on the toes (athlete's foot disease) - Put tampons soaked in thyme tincture between the affected toes, then warm the foot with a sock that is kept all night, so as to allow the tincture to exert its antiseptic effect for a longer period of time. Thyme, used mainly in the form of volatile oil and tincture, is a first-hand antifungal. This was made clear in a 2008 study by a group of Serbian researchers at the Sinisa Stankovic Institute in Belgrade. They tested thyme on 17 species of parasitic fungi and found that its volatile oil is much stronger than an antifungal synthetic product, bifonazole, but also than the volatile oil of other plants with proven antifungal action (mint, cumin, fennel).
* Gingivitis, cavities, bacterial plaque - five drops of volatile thyme oil dissolve in a liter of combined infusion obtained from the same plant. With this preparation (which can be kept cold for 3-5 days without spoiling) mouthwashes are made three times a day, preferably after main meals. Each rinse will last for five minutes, during which time the thyme preparation will be shaken vigorously in the mouth, in order to exert its action on the teeth, on the gums and on the entire oral mucosa. Laboratory studies in Switzerland and Germany have shown that a constituent of volatile thyme oil, thymol, destroys much of the potentially harmful bacteria in the oral cavity, removes gum infection, protects teeth from cavities and slows the growth of cavities already. existing.

The psychological effects of thyme culture

In ancient Greece, thyme was an indispensable ingredient in the diet of young warriors, who - it was said - amplified their self-confidence and courage. In fact, most researchers say that the scientific name of thyme "Thymus" comes from the Greek "thymos", which means courage. Greek and later medieval physicians used thyme for physically and mentally weakened patients for its tonic and invigorating effects. In fact, thyme has a proven action to improve cerebral circulation, and studies have shown that it has a certain action of favoring or even inducing states of attention, alertness, mental concentration.
In macrobiotic medicine, the consumption of thyme is recommended to increase the ability to control emotions and to strengthen the "immunity" to mental stress.

Precautions and contraindications

Overdose, thyme and especially the volatile oil extracted from it give extremely strong side effects: convulsions, vomiting, severe abdominal pain, delirium.
Thyme should be used with caution, initially in reduced doses to a quarter, in cases of hypotension, irritable bowel syndrome, gastric ulcer and hyperacid gastritis. If there is an exacerbation or reactivation of the symptoms of one of these conditions, internal treatment with thyme will be stopped.
Ingestion of thyme is contraindicated for pregnant women. Also, breastfeeding women will consume a maximum of 1 gram of thyme per day and will avoid the internal administration of volatile thyme oil.
Externally, thyme can give people with high allergic sensitivity allergic skin reactions, and applied to the skin for a long time can cause burns.

Antibiotic effects of thyme

Thyme not only surpasses the effectiveness of many anti-infective drugs, but is an extraordinary addition to classic treatments. It is a medicinal plant that could change the vision of what truly effective anti-infective treatment means. Several studies done in laboratories or hospitals in Germany, Spain, Switzerland, Japan, England or Romania have shown that thyme, especially the volatile oil obtained from it, has extremely strong antibiotic effects and a very wide spectrum. According to studies, the compounds of the volatile oil of thyme attack the cell membrane of bacteria, reducing its permeability, which leads to the death of those microorganisms. Moreover, it has been shown that bacteria cannot develop resistance to thyme oil, as they do in the case of synthetic antibiotics, because this oil has so many and varied components that it makes it impossible for microorganisms to adapt. In addition, very recent studies show that thyme oil potentiates the activity of some antibiotics, meaning that an antibiotic administered in parallel with thyme oil is much more effective than taken alone. In many cases of bacterial infections, a correlation of the allopathic treatment with the natural one, with thyme, will avoid the very dangerous cases of resistance of the bacteria to the treatment or of recurrence of the infection. Here is a brief list of bacteria that are destroyed by thyme oil: Staphylococcus aureus (produces urinary, respiratory infections), Clostridium botulinum (produces botulism), Eschericcia choli (produces renal-urinary and digestive infections), Shigella sonnei (produces food poisoning, dysentery), Bacillus subtilis (causes gastroenteritis), Salmonella enteridis (causes food poisoning), Campylobacter jejuni (causes gastrointestinal infections), Lysteria moncytogenes (causes infections that affect the digestive and nervous systems).
Against all the mentioned bacterial infections, a treatment with a duration of 7-12 days is recommended, during which time 3-5 drops of volatile thyme oil are taken, three or four times a day, with a little water or honey.

Maramieh Tea - Salvia officinalis Tea - Recipes

& # 8222 The desire of sage is to make people immortal & # 8221, it was said in the Middle Ages.An ancient belief, inscribed right in the name of the plant. & # 8222Salvia & # 8221 comes from the Latin & # 8222salvare & # 8221 & # 8211 to be healthy, to heal, to save. For the Romans, it was a sacred plant, harvested with protocol.

Dabout this extremely aromatic plant, with green, whitish leaves, and pink and purple flowers, it was said in antiquity that it is sacred, being brought to earth by the gods themselves. & # 8222Who has sage in the garden does not let old age approach & # 8221 & # 8211 says an old Chinese proverb. Greek and Roman physicians & # 8211 Galen, Pliny, Dioscorides & # 8211 also praise sage, considering it a queen of healing herbs, with magical protective effects. In ancient Rome, sage was considered a sacred plant, being gathered with a whole ritual. The one who officiated the ceremony brought bread and wine as a sacrifice, dressed in a white tunic. The Romans forbade it

the use of metal objects, considering that they become poisonous in contact with sage. Especially at the transition between winter and summer, sage was an indispensable remedy, being used as a detoxifier, protector against various infections that occur during this period, nervous and mental tonic, rejuvenating. It was believed that the one who will consume sage from the beginning of spring will rejuvenate with nature. There are many therapeutic myths related to this sacred plant, myths that modern science strives to understand and give them a practical use. Salvia is an intensively researched plant, whose medicine is discovering more and more practical applications. It is not only a natural medicine with multiple applications, but also an excellent remedy for maintaining health.
And in traditional Romanian medicine, sage has many uses. Having a high sensitivity to winter frosts, it is a plant that requires special care and, as such, does not grow spontaneously, but only cultivated, especially in the southern areas of the country. From it are used the leaves and the flowery aerial parts, which are very rich in volatile oils, having a strong aromatic and astringent taste. We find this plant in the form of tea in practically all specialized stores of Plafar type, as well as certain preparations based on sage, such as tincture.

It is obtained by grinding as fine as possible with an electric coffee grinder. The sage powder is stored in hermetically sealed glass jars, in dark and cold places, for a maximum period of two weeks (because the volatile oils evaporate very quickly). Usually, it is administered 3-4 times a day, half a teaspoon shaved, on an empty stomach.

Put in a threaded jar fifteen tablespoons of sage powder, over which add two glasses (400 ml) of 50-degree food alcohol. Close the airtight jar and leave to soak for two weeks, then filter, and the resulting tincture will be placed in small, dark bottles. One teaspoon diluted in a little water is administered four times a day. It is used as a nerve and hormonal balancer, a stimulant of brain activity and memory.

Stimulating sage wine

Put twenty tablespoons of sage powder in a liter of natural white wine and let it soak for three weeks, then strain it. Take 3 tablespoons of this wine, before or after a meal. Administered before a meal, sage wine stimulates the appetite and invigorates. Taken after eating, sage wine & # 8211 says French doctor Jean Valnet & # 8211 is an extraordinary remedy against overwork and asthenia, against asthma, against neuro-vegetative dystonia. According to the same doctor, sage mulled wine is an excellent prophylactic for colds and flu.

Sage vinegar

It was widely used by Benedictine monks, who considered it an elixir for nerves and digestion. Here is his recipe: in a liter of natural apple cider vinegar (or apple with honey) let soak, for two weeks, 50 grams of crushed sage leaves. It will result in a very aromatic vinegar, with digestive, carminative tonic effects (reduces bloating), refreshing, an excellent addition to spring salads. Externally it is used as a rub against colds, rheumatic pains, states of physical and mental fatigue.

The combined decoction

Put 3-4 tablespoons of chopped sage to soak in half a liter of water for 8-10 hours, then filter. The resulting preparation is set aside, and the plant left after filtration is boiled in another half liter of water for five minutes, after which it is allowed to cool and filtered. Finally, the two extracts are mixed, obtaining approximately one liter of preparation, which is used internally (1-2 cups per day) or externally, in the form of compresses and baths.

Poultice with sage

A handful of chopped sage leaves is left for 1-2 hours to soak in warm water (40-50 degrees Celsius). After this time, apply directly to the affected area, covering with gauze. Leave for an hour.

Internal diseases, treated with sage

Bronchitis, asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, respiratory diseases with abundant secretions

& # 8211 Sage powder, administered constantly for a month, half a teaspoon 4 times a day, reduces the amount of secretions and has strong anti-infective effects. It is recommended especially in spring, including chronically ill, because it has strong detoxifying effects, acting on the root causes of these diseases.

Indigestion, bloating Take a quarter teaspoon of sage powder before meals. This plant stimulates digestion and balances the appetite, having the quality to prevent the formation of gas in the intestine. In the Arab world, sage is called & # 8222 Bedouin herb & # 8221, the combined decoction of sage being a famous remedy for treating all digestive problems, especially diarrhea, fermentation colitis and various digestive tract infections. To treat these conditions, take 2-3 cups of combined sage decoction per day.

Irregular menstrual cycle, very abundant or painful, female sterility & # 8211 is given half a teaspoon of sage, four times a day, on an empty stomach. A treatment will last three months and will have ample hormonal harmonizing effects, influencing both the production of the endocrine glands and the receptors of different hormones.

Menopausal disorders & # 8211 against these problems, sage tincture is a real elixir, reducing perspiration, reducing the appearance of hot flashes, having a strong rejuvenating effect. One teaspoon of tincture (always diluted in water) is administered 3-4 times a day, on an empty stomach. Therapeutic effects appear after 4 weeks. Against the hemorrhages that appear at the beginning of menopause, sage powder is used, administered in the same way as above. A study conducted in Italy in 1998, on 30 women, showed that after 3 months of treatment with sage, nightmares became rare or even disappeared, as well as profuse sweating. In fact, against excessive perspiration or unpleasant odor, sage has extraordinary effects, being a real deodorant with internal administration, as we will see below:

Excessive sweating & # 8211 Parallel studies in England, Germany and the United States have undoubtedly shown that sage greatly reduces sweating, including that which occurs against the background of imbalances in the cortico-adrenal glands. It is administered for this purpose in the form of tincture, 4 teaspoons per day, or a combined decoction, of which 1 cup is drunk during the day (it has an unpleasant taste, but is very effective).

Type II diabetes & # 8211 sage greatly increases the body's receptivity (up to 2-3 times) to insulin & # 8211 is the conclusion of a German study on this topic. For this purpose, the combined decoction of sage is administered, one cup per day.

Spring asthenia, overwork & # 8211 take 50 drops of sage tincture 3-4 times a day. Stronger effects are obtained if this tincture is diluted in cold roinita (lemon balm) tea.

Colon cancer, tumors of the digestive tract & # 8211 In traditional Arabic medicine, the combined decoction of sage, from which 2-3 cups a day is administered, in cures of at least 3 months, is a formidable remedy against these diseases. The same is said by the Austrian therapist Maria Treben, who adds that sage is a great help in all forms of cancer, quoting a famous saying from the Middle Ages: & # 8222Why should man die if sage grows in the garden? & # 8 8221.

External diseases, treated with sage

Wounds that are difficult to heal & # 8211 apply to the affected area a poultice with crushed sage leaves (prepared according to the method presented above). The treatment is done daily, for one hour, for at least 3 weeks.

Infectious eczema & # 8211 wash with sage decoction, then apply a poultice with sage, which lasts for 1-3 hours, after which the treated area is left to dry. Sage leaves contain principles with strong antibacterial and antifungal effects (fight parasitic fungi).

For invigoration & # 8211 baths are made with sage decoction (5 liters in a tub of water) twice a week. Sage baths give a state of mental tone and vivacity, remove fatigue, give the body a pleasant smell.
Beauty recipes

To maintain the natural color and shine of the hair, after the usual washing with shampoo, make the last rinse with decoction of combined sage, prepared according to the recipe mentioned above. For black hair, a decoction prepared in the same way is recommended, but from an equal mixture of black tea and sage. Sage is also good for hair care

gray, which strengthens and darkens the color.

For skin with dilated pores, stained, withered & # 8211 washes are done, every morning and evening, with a combined decoction of sage. In addition, a compress with this preparation is placed on the cheeks in the evening, which lasts for a quarter of an hour.

The teeth rubbed with sage leaves become white and shiny.

Administration of the plant to extremely sensitive people can cause digestive seizures. The plant is generally contraindicated for epileptics. In the case of insulin-dependent diabetics, during the administration of sage, blood sugar will be strictly monitored. Breastfeeding women will not use this plant, which is known for its very fast effect of stopping lactation.

Salvia and the third age

Since the Middle Ages, sage has been said to have a strong rejuvenating effect, helping especially to maintain the unaltered intellectual and emotional faculties until old age. Recent studies at a medical center in New Castle (England) have fully confirmed this, highlighting three extremely important elements:
& # 8211 sage helps maintain the youth of the cells that make up the cerebral cortex (through the antioxidant effect)
Sage acts on receptors for hormones that are important in maintaining the body's youth
& # 8211 Sage inhibits the formation of enzymes that block extremely important processes in the brain, such as: memory, association, synthesis. In fact, this plant acts through a mechanism similar to the latest Alzheimer's treatments.
The administration 4 times a day of a teaspoon of sage tincture has, consequently, extremely beneficial effects for the prevention of senility, of the degradation processes that appear at the level of the central nervous system, with age. Moreover, sage stimulates memory capacity, promotes intellectual activity and improves intellectual performance, both in the elderly and in young people. The first results in this regard are seen after four weeks of constant administration, a complete treatment lasting between 2 and 3 months (can be done 3 times a year).

News at & # 8222Naturalia & # 8221

Doctor Pavel Chirila informs us that Naturalia Laboratory will produce soon and will put on sale (around March 7) wholemeal bread without enhancers. The qualities of wholemeal bread are well known: rich in fiber, minerals, amino acids. Studies by nutritionists show that the incidence of gastrointestinal cancer is minimal in people who eat wholemeal bread.
Store address & # 8222Naturalia & # 8221: Bucharest, Calea Floreasca no. 25A (opposite the Emergency Hospital). Schedule: Monday-Friday 9.30-19.00, Saturday 9.30-14.00 tel. 021 / 231.04.21

A few words about the cultivation of sage, from my own experience. It multiplies very easily by seeds, planted in the spring in the garden. It has a fast growth, reaching in a short time a beautiful bush. Be careful, however, it has expansion tendencies, so you have to provide space for it. Like all Mediterranean plants, it prefers as much sun as possible. It blooms in the second year, provided you do not prune it in the previous year. If you cut it in the spring, it will not bloom. Very resistant to drought, I do not expressly wet it, it is satisfied with the water received from the rain.

Look what a miracle I had in the garden and I didn't know! I mean, I knew, but much less!

Like any aromatic plant, it is also used in gastronomy, but here you ask Zana, she knows best!

Hyssop & # 8211 health benefits

The aerial parts of the plant have therapeutic effects in human and veterinary medicine. The active principles of the plant act as a bronchial and pulmonary antiseptic, expectorant, hypotensive, arterial vasodilator, bronchodilator, sweat, decreases capillary fragility, stimulates appetite, prevents fatty infiltration of the liver, diuretic, soothes abdominal pain and expels gas from the intestine. It is part of the antiasthmatic tea, pectoral tea and sweat tea.

The plant is used in liver diseases, bronchitis, asthma, laryngitis, tracheitis, anorexia, dropsy, blood pressure, flatulence, as a sweat and healing.

Hyssop is used (often in combination with sage that has similar properties, or with Hungarian) for respiratory tract infections. Externally it is used for contusions, injuries and rheumatism. The green tips of the plant can be added to soups (and other culinary preparations) & # 8211 from which they can benefit asthmatics and more. Hyssop baths are useful for rheumatism.

Discover some hyssop recipes that you can prepare at home at any time!

Hyssop for internal use

For the treatment of hypertension, lack of appetite, ease of digestive activity, cough of various etiologies, in bronchitis, asthma, flu, colds, laryngitis, tracheitis, dropsy & # 8211 is made an infusion of 1-2 teaspoons crushed plant or powder to a 250 ml cup of boiling water. Leave it covered for 15-20 minutes, strain it and drink 2 cups of hyssop tea a day. In case of appetite stimulation, drink about 30 minutes before meals.

Hyssop for external use

To treat wounds, prepare a hyssop tea of ​​1-2 tablespoons of plant powder in 250 ml of boiling water. Leave the hyssop tea covered for 20-25 minutes. Strain. Take local baths or apply compresses on the affected area.

Hyssop & # 8211 Contraindications

It should be avoided by pregnant women and people with epilepsy.

Used parts: the upper parts of the plant with inflorescences are harvested when the plants have bloomed in half, in beautiful weather, between 10 and 17. It dries in the shade in a thin layer, in well-ventilated rooms.

Magical uses

Hyssop was one of the sacred plants of the ancient Greeks, used to cleanse sacred spaces. It is the most widely used plant in magic.

Hyssop can be burned as incense, worn, used in decorations. A bunch of hyssop is used as a & # 8222 broom & # 8221 to prepare the sacred space for the ceremony. It is added to baths in bags or directly in water, it is infused and sprayed on people and objects to clean them. Flowers are also hung in houses to remove negativity and clean it up.

Hyssop in aromatherapy

Hyssop essential oil is used for bruising, dermatitis, eczema, inflammation, sores, hyper and hypotension, rheumatism, asthma, bronchitis, whooping cough, cough, flu, sore throat, tonsillitis, whooping cough, colic, indigestion, amenorrhea, leukorrhea, anxiety, fatigue, nervous tension, stress-related conditions.

Key qualities: tonic, cephalic, calming, purifying, aphrodisiac, mental stimulant, warming effect, balancing.

Herbal infusions for the cold season

It is essential to drink many liquids when you're dealing with a cold or flu and I can't recommend a remedy anymore natural than a hot herbal tea. Many of the plants used as infusions as well sage, thyme, oregano and rosemary, are rich in antioxidants and contain essential oils which can help alleviate the symptoms of colds and flu.
Instead of taking Theraflu, try one of the recipes below & # 8230


Salvia, whose Latin name means cure, was considered one of the four sacred plants by Native Americans. In case of throat irritation or inflammation try a gargle consisting of a mixture of sage and apple cider vinegar sweetened, that is if you prefer sweeter, with a little honey of good quality or enjoy the hot and unsweetened infusion.

Pour half a liter of hot water over a few dried sage leaves or 1 tablespoon of fresh leaves and leave it covered for 5-10 minutes. Drink a cup of strained tea throughout the day. At the same time, sage can help you restore your appetite.


There are several varieties of thyme but the garden one it is effective in fighting sore throats and colds. Try the infusion right now when you cough or to expectorate. In the past it was used in bandages to treat infections and may be another Excellent remedy for hangovers and depression, raising your spirits. Thymol, the active ingredient of thyme is one of the most powerful antisepticsknown. It has also been used to treat fungal problems, such as foot infections.

uses a teaspoon of dried fungi or a few fresh thyme leaves in a cup of hot water. The time you let it infuse depends on everyone's taste and can be between 5-15 minutes. Strain it and drink 3 cups a day, inhaling the infusion steam until symptoms improve. You can also lightly crush some fresh leaves and inhale those vapors.


Oregano, also known as marjoram, also has a high thymol content. It is one of the most powerful natural remedies against bacteria, viruses, infections and fungi, being used as a natural remedy since antiquity. It can be used to treat sore throat, cough, cold, and to expectorate phlegm in the bronchial tubes. Oregano is widely used in cooking in the Mediterranean area, especially as ingredient of pizza and combines wonderfully with thyme and rosemary.

Infuse 1 teaspoon dried oregano or 3 tablespoons fresh leaves in half a liter of hot water for 10 minutes. Strain and if necessary, you can sweeten it with a little good quality honey.


rosemary or Rosmarinus officinalis is part of the mint family and is one of the oldest cultivated Mediterranean aromatic shrub. It is often preferred in vegetable gardens due to its attractive leaves and blue flowers. The tea Rosemary can help attenuation of the symptoms of colds, colds, shortness of breath and bronchitis. It is also good as gargle for sore throats, using it as an infusion with sage.

uses 2 teaspoons dried rosemary to a cup of hot water. You can add a fresh ginger root and lemon peel to give another flavor to the tea.
Here is the recipe:
A bunch of rosemary, with the leaves lightly crushed with a spoon
A little ginger, about the length of your thumb, cut into slices
Peel from two organic lemons or without wax
6-8 cups of hot water
Sit rosemary, ginger and lemon peel in a large teapot. Add hot water and leave at brew for approx 5 minutes. Strain and sip slowly. You can add, if you want sweeter, a little honey or sugar.

While modern medicine is still looking for a cure for the common cold, the history of herbal healing dates back thousands of years. Therefore, the next time you are dealing with cold season viruses, try herbal teas.

What is sage?

Named scientifically “Salvia officinalis”, sage is rightly called "The one who saves."

Originating in the Mediterranean area, sage is a sub-shrub, branched and bushy, with a height of about 1m, with silver or green-gray leaves during maturity and with large flowers, grouped in the shape of an ear, blue-colored. purple (rarely white). It blooms from May to July, with a pleasant and very strong smell.

Used in folk medicine for over 2500 years, sage consumers can always enjoy its three great graces: medicine, remedy and spice.

It is also known that "Greek Tea" or "Provencal Tea" is widely consumed in this form in Greece and southern France.

What is Salvia?

Salvia is a plant native to the Mediterranean region and from there it has spread throughout Central Europe and Asia. Salvia is a wonderful plant, which grows up to 80 cm in height, and it is worth mentioning that it is a perennial plant. A brief description of the sage would sound like this - this plant has oval leaves, covered with hairs, greenish in color, growing in woody branches, and the flowers are the color of the sky, light blue, or the sky at dusk, a wonderful purple . The sage bush can reach a height of 60 cm and a width of 60 cm. Salvia, although it is a perennial plant, blooms only in the second year since it is cultivated. Sage leaves are used for seasoning various dishes, having a bitter and aromatic, spicy taste. Sage can be found in our country in the low regions of the country. It grows spontaneously but is also cultivated, and cultivated sage is mostly used due to the very low winter temperatures and its sensitivity to frost. In Romanian, sage is also known as jale, jaleș, salbie or sherlai. Salvia can also be planted in pots, so it only needs moist soil and lots of light, a warm place. The plant is propagated either by cuttings or by seeds or transplanting.

What is Sage used for? Benefits and uses Sage for skin, memory and more

For many Americans, the aroma of cooked beetroot evokes memories of holiday apples - everything from Thanksgiving, Christmas, fried turkeys, baked chicken and, more importantly, alluvial dressing. But that's it


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